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Halafi Mengedi
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Joined: 30 May 2010, 23:04

Tigray nation leaderships are dancing on the eve of Article 39 Referendum???

Post by Halafi Mengedi » 08 Dec 2018, 15:04

Tigray referendum must be held the same day with other ethnics of Somali, Afar, Qimant, Agew, Beneshangule, Gembela, Oromo, Kembata, Sidama and Wolaita.





info
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Posts: 2390
Joined: 05 Dec 2014, 11:33

Re: Tigray nation leaderships are dancing on the eve of Article 39 Referendum???

Post by info » 08 Dec 2018, 15:09

"አደርን በመሳም" አለች ሴትዮዋ :lol: Go Try :lol:

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid ... 133&type=3




AbyssiniaLady
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Posts: 2186
Joined: 04 Feb 2007, 05:44

Re: Tigray nation leaderships are dancing on the eve of Article 39 Referendum???

Post by AbyssiniaLady » 09 Dec 2018, 17:31

Here's everything you need to know before declaring your long awaited independence!!!


The Economic Struggles of Landlocked Countries.

by Jacob Goldberg
Updated August 04, 2018

If a country is landlocked, it is likely to be poor. In fact, most countries that lack coastal access are among the world’s Least Developed Countries (LDCs), and their inhabitants occupy the “bottom billion” tier of the world's population in terms of poverty.*

Outside Europe, there is not a single successful, highly developed, landlocked country when measured with the Human Development Index (HDI), and most of the countries with the lowest HDI scores are landlocked

Export Costs Are High

The United Nations has an Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries, and Small Island Developing States. The UN-OHRLLS holds the view that high transport costs due to distance and terrain detract from landlocked countries’ competitive edge for exports.

Landlocked countries that do attempt to participate in the global economy must contend with the administrative burden of transporting goods through neighboring countries or must pursue costly alternatives to shipping, such as air-freight.

The Wealthiest Landlocked Countries



However, despite the challenges that most landlocked countries face, a few of the world’s wealthiest countries, when measured by GDP per capita (PPP), happen to be landlocked, including:

1. Luxembourg ($92,400)

2. Liechtenstein ($89,400)

3. Switzerland ($55,200)

4. San Marino ($55,000)

5. Austria ($45,000)

6. Andorra ($37,000)


Strong and Stable Neighbors



There are several factors that have contributed to the success of these landlocked countries. First, they are simply more geographically fortunate than most other landlocked countries by virtue of being located in Europe, where no country is very far from a coast.

Furthermore, the coastal neighbors of these wealthy countries enjoy strong economies, political stability, internal peace, reliable infrastructure and friendly relations across their borders.

Luxembourg, for example, is well-connected to the rest of Europe by roads, railways, and airlines and can count on being able to export goods and labor through Belgium, the Netherlands, and France almost effortlessly. In contrast, Ethiopia’s nearest coasts are across borders with Somalia and Eritrea, which are usually beset with political turmoil, internal conflict, and poor infrastructure.

The political boundaries that separate countries from coasts are not as meaningful in Europe as they are in the developing world.

Small Countries



While it may appear that geography has condemned many landlocked countries to poverty, efforts have been made to soften the limitations posed by a lack of sea-access through policy and international cooperation.

In 2003, the International Ministerial Conference of Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries and Donor Countries on Transit Transport Cooperation was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Participants designed a Program of Action, recommending that landlocked countries and their neighbors,

Reduce customs processes and fees to minimize costs and transport delays

Improve infrastructure with respect to existing preferences of local transport modes, with a focus of roads in Africa and rail in South Asia

Implement preferences for landlocked countries’ commodities to boost their competitiveness in the international market

Establish relationships between donor countries with landlocked and transit countries for technical, financial, and policy improvements

Were these plans to succeed, politically-stable, landlocked countries could feasibly overcome their geographical barriers, as Europe’s landlocked countries have done.


Republic of Tigray desperately need coastline!!


A glimpse of the Somali ocean.

Degnet
Senior Member+
Posts: 20187
Joined: 16 Feb 2013, 11:48

Re: Tigray nation leaderships are dancing on the eve of Article 39 Referendum???

Post by Degnet » 09 Dec 2018, 17:38

Halafi Mengedi wrote:
08 Dec 2018, 15:04
Tigray referendum must be held the same day with other ethnics of Somali, Afar, Qimant, Agew, Beneshangule, Gembela, Oromo, Kembata, Sidama and Wolaita.




Only an adgi with no Tigrian blood tries to talk or give a reply to you.

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