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Unearthed evidence maps out Western Tigray dispute (Ethiopia Insight)

Post by sarcasm » 13 May 2022, 16:54

Two recently discovered 19th-century maps show Welkait as part of Tigray.

Western Tigray is significant not only due to the multiple war crimes committed there since November 2020, but also because the Amhara region claims it as historical Amhara land and has unconstitutionally annexed it.

According to the Ethiopian constitution, regional borders are based on ethno-linguistic settlement patterns, not historical administrative arrangements. Accordingly, western Tigray became part of Tigray as there was a predominance of native Tigrigna-speaking residents.

However, many Amhara nationalists have been using the supposed historical ownership of Amhara over these areas as a justification for the annexation. Although this “historical ownership” argument is irrelevant to the current federal arrangement, closer scrutiny of such claims coming from Amhara irredentists is needed.

After all, Amhara irredentism has been one of the drivers of the war on Tigray and taking away this fertile area from Tigray appears to have been part of the strategy to subjugate the region.

As evidence, one Ethiopian regime supporter proudly stated in July 2021: “Let them go! The defeated Great Tigray had to abandon the fertile regions it had stolen from the Amharas in the 1990s, and had to retreat to its arid heimat… Tigray has no more modern agriculture and industry, the infrastructure is destroyed.”

In a fascinating presentation on 13 April at the Berlin-based Scientific Working Group Horn of Africa, Professor Wolbert Smidt showed for the first time extracts of a map that contradicts the Gondarine narrative of the history of Western Tigray.

In a later detailed search, we uncovered several maps from the mid-19th Century in which Western Tigray is clearly mapped as part of the then confederate-like arrangement of Tigray.

The goal here isn’t to adjudicate the territorial claim based on specific maps, but rather to demonstrate that C.F. Weiland’s (1841) and F.H. Handtke’s (1849) maps fit in a wide array of historical maps and records which jointly reveal that territorial organization has varied tremendously over time.

In other words, the Amhara nationalist narrative of ancestral ownership over Western Tigray is out of touch with the historical record. Regardless, rather than being based on debates over historical ownership, territorial disputes should reflect current realities.

Handtke’s map

Given its greater detail, I have chosen to focus on Handtke’s map (1849), which was prepared by a German atlas-printing house in the mid-19th century.

Handtke’s map is 39 cm wide and 66 cm tall, and is printed on paper that has been bonded to fabric. The scale is approximately 1:5,600,000; relief is shown by short lines representing slope aspect and a general sense of steepness (hachures).

The map, based on early and mid-19th century diplomatic and other sources, has been produced by lithographic printing, with manual outline coloring, as was done for many maps prepared at that time.

The work was created in one of the few stronger cartographic publishing houses in 19th century Germany, managed by Carl Flemming (1806-1878). Flemming was aided by cartographer Friedrich Handtke (1815-1879), who worked on nearly every map assignment for the firm.

Northeast Africa in 1849

The map shows that the geography of the Red Sea Coast, Egypt, and “Nubia” was fairly well known, as well as that of the northern and central Ethiopian highlands. These were mapped in relative detail for “Tigre”, “Amhara”, and to the south with fuzzy boundaries for “Schoa”, as the mapmakers referred to these areas.

Due to inaccessibility, the physical geography of the otherwise well mapped northern highlands holds one major mistake: the Areqwa River, which flows directly to the Tekeze River, was erroneously mapped as running parallel to Tekeze and intercepting other affluents or tributaries such as the Giba and Weri’i Rivers (Fig. 1).

Further south, “Enarea”, “Dschimma”, and “Kaffa” are positioned with few details. A generic name “Habesch” is written diagonally across the highlands.

Maps of Northeastern Africa from the 19th century provide a lot of information about toponyms—which include place names, regional names, and the territorial extent of groups—as well as local ideas of boundaries and routes, overlapping political claims, and ethnic conflicts and interactions.

In other words, they weren’t only the work of visiting cartographers and scholars; they were the outcome of interaction with seasoned local partners who were experts in territorial knowledge and socio-political practices.

Continue reading ... y-dispute/

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Re: Unearthed evidence maps out Western Tigray dispute (Ethiopia Insight)

Post by Abere » 13 May 2022, 17:06

This may help you better than internet scam you posted, which is full of fakes stuffs. Humera Welqait had never been part of Tigray. Tigray had been beyond the Tekeze river. Don't try to salivate what never ever been Tigre.

የወልቃይት ጠገዴ ትግል የሁሉም ኢትዮጵያዊያን ጉዳይ ነው *** “የውርደት በትር” ገጽታ ... pdf?x41237

“ወልቃይት በ1630ዎቹ ዘመና በማን ስር ነበረች?”
“በ16ኛው መቶ አጋማሽ ላይ ያሉ ያታሪክ መዛግብትም የሚናገሩት ተመሳሳይ ነገር ነው: በተለያዩ ወገኖች ተደጋግሞ የሚጠቀሰው
የማኑኤል በሬዳም መጽሓፍ የሚተነትነው ያንኑ ነው: ይሄ መጽሓፍ የተጻፈው በ1634 ሲሆን በወቅቱ የነበረውን የትግራይ ግዛት
በዝርዝር አስቀምጧል: እሱም እንደሌሎቹ መጸህፍት የትግራይ ድንበር ተከዜ እንጂ ተከዜን ተሻግረው ያሉት ወልቃይትና ጠገዴ
ናቸው አይልም: «Tractatus tres historico-geographici (1634): A seventeenth century historical and
geographical account of Tigray, Ethiopia (Aethiopistische Forschungen) 1634»

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Re: Unearthed evidence maps out Western Tigray dispute (Ethiopia Insight)

Post by sarcasm » 13 May 2022, 21:26

ለእውነት እንመስክር ከተባለ ወልቃይት በትግራይ ስትተዳደር እንደነበረች ይሄ በ1854እንደ ኤውሮጳውያን አቆጣጠር አጼ ቴዎድሮስ ንጉሰ ነገስት ከመሆናቸው በፊት የተጻፈ መጽሀፍ ቁልጭ አድርጎ አስቀምጦታል። ሙሉውን በpdf የምትፈልጉ ሊንኩን ከታች ታገኛላቹ

See page 87 ... rchive.pdf

Posts: 6833
Joined: 23 Feb 2013, 20:08

Re: Unearthed evidence maps out Western Tigray dispute (Ethiopia Insight)

Post by sarcasm » 14 May 2022, 18:12

Language map of Ethiopia from 1972 (Hailesilassie era). Some of the names used in the map are offensive, but this map should give a clear picture of history and linguistics. You can see Wolkiat fall under Tigrigna language.

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