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Zmeselo
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Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Zmeselo » 27 Jan 2022, 10:55



Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

By Issayas Tesfamariam

https://www.hoover.org/news/forgotten-t ... hting-wwii



There were many important battles in World War II (WWII) which occurred in the European and Asian theatres, respectively. However, there was also another important theatre of battle in WWII which is still not well known: Africa.

World War II is often discussed primarily through the prism of the conflict in Europe that started in 1939, with the discussion of African campaigns centering on operations in North Africa. Yet holdings at Hoover Archives show that the conflict in Africa spanned the entire continent. Putting WWII in the pre-war international context, it could be argued that 1) Benito Mussolini’s invasion of Abyssinia (later Ethiopia) in 1935 was an augury and 2) the beginning of the end of WWII – what British Colonel A. J. Barker called
our first real victory of the Second World War
- started in the Horn of Africa in 1941.

The purpose of this article is to showcase Hoover’s possession of rare collections relating to both events. Just a brief comment on the first argument. Professor Richard Pankhurst argues that at the conclusion of the war in Europe, Italy and the United Nations signed a treaty in which all parties agreed that the World War II in Ethiopia began with Italy’s invasion of the country on October 3, 1935.

Hoover’s rare collection relating to the Italian-Abyssinian War, 1935-1936

The Ruth Ricci Eltse collection http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/1 ... ci)+papers at the Hoover Institution Archives has correspondence, writings, photographs (including an album of photographs of Benito Mussolini and photos of Italian dignitaries and military leaders) relating to the Italian-Abyssinian War, 1935-1936.

Brian J. Griffith, a PhD candidate at the University of California, Santa Barbara, has used the aforementioned collection at Hoover extensively for his upcoming edited volume entitled: Sorella Fascista: The Collected Papers of Ruth Williams Ricci.


Italian prisoners

From the 1930-1940 period:

A telegram sent in 1936 from Duca (Duke) Amedeo D’Aosta (signed by his secretary) to J.E. Gasparini. (Note: Duke of Aosta was the Viceroy, Governor General and Commander in Chief of Italian East Africa/Africa Orientale Italiana [A.O.I.]) Duca (Duke) Amedeo D’Aosta replaced Marshal Rodolfo Graziani. D’Aosta surrendered to the British forces in Amba Alagi, Ethiopia on May 18, 1941 thus ending the era of Italian East Africa (Eritrea, Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland).

A telegram sent from Marshal Rodolfo Graziani to Engineer Andrea Fontana in June 1937. (Note: Marshal Graziani was the Viceroy of A.O.I. After an assassination attempt on his life in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia, in February 1937; Grazini ordered the massacre of thousands of people. Ian Campell has written extensively on the subject in a book entitled: The Addis Ababa Massacre: Italy’s National Shame.)

A telegram sent from Marshal Emilio De Bono to Gasperini in 1939. (Note: Marshal De Bono was the Supreme Commander of Italian forces against Ethiopia in 1935. He stayed in that capacity until he was replaced by Marshal Pietro Badoglio in late 1935.)

A letter written by Dr. Malaku E. (Emmanuel) Bayen http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/1 ... r+fragment to Suffragist, Mrs. Gillett-Gatty and a September 14, 1940 issue of “The Voice of Ethiopia“ (New York), organ of the Ethiopian World Federation. (Note: Dr. Malaku E. Bayen was a US educated Ethiopian physician who established the Ethiopian Research Council. Dr. Bayen was an anti-colonial and Pan-Africanist organizer.)

Hoover’s rare collection relating to the 1941 Allied Military Campaign in the Horn of Africa

In early 1941, Allied forces attacked Italian forces in the Horn of Africa. According to Colonel Barker, three parallel series of operations were going on at the same time: the attack from the north (Sudan) to Eritrea under the command of General Sir William Platt; from the south (Kenya) under the command of General Alan Cûnningham; and limited military operations staged by the Ethiopian Patriot Forces (under the command of Brigadier Sandford along with the controversial figure of Orde Wingate).

On April 1st 1941 -seventy-seven years ago- the British and French forces along with soldiers from their respective colonies defeated Mussolini’s forces and entered Asmara, the capital city of Eritrea (located along the Red Sea coastline), Italy’s “prima-genita”/ “first-born” colony and its prized possession. And on April 8th 1941, the same forces entered Massawa, the Eritrean port city on the Red Sea coast. Rear Admiral Edward Ellsberg was commissioned by the United States Navy (USN) to salvage the ship wrecks and to make the naval base in Massawa, Eritrea, reusable. In his book, Under the Red Sea Sun, Rear Admiral Ellsberg had the following to say about the destruction in Massawa:
In the three harbors of Massawa waterfront and its off-lying islands lay a fleet of some forty vessels, German and Italian freighters, passenger ships, warships, crowded every berth which in addition, in the north harbor were two irreplaceable floating steel dry docks. A tornado of explosions swept Massawa waterfront as exploding bombs, strategically placed far below their water lines, blew out the sides and bottoms of ships by the dozens. The invaluable machinery in the naval shops were smashed with sledge hammers. Electric cranes were tipped into the sea. Everything in the way of destruction that Italian ingenuity could suggest to make Massawa forever useless to its approaching conqueror was painstakingly carried through. When the last bomb had gone up and the last ship had gone down, the Italian Admiral (Bonnetti) commanding rubbed his hands in satisfaction over such a mass of scuttled ships as the world had never seen before. Then he surrendered Massawa.
Note: Rear Admiral Ellsberg was the uncle of Daniel Ellsberg of the “Pentagon Papers”.

For my extensive interview with Todd Pollard, grandson of Rear Admiral Edward Ellsberg, check out:

[The Miracle of Massawa Revisited A Conversation with Ted Pollard grandson of Commander Edward Ellsberg https://www.kemey.net/single-post/2018/ ... d-Ellsberg]

In 1941, the Italian forces heavily defended a limited number of towns (Keren being the most defended) in Eritrea during General Platt’s advances. Barentu, Agordat and Massawa were examples. Keren, according to Colonel Barker, was the supreme Italian effort and performance of Carnimeo’s (General) troops there has probably never been surpassed in Italian military history.


Battle of Keren

From this period, Hoover has:

1) a six-page proposal to award a medal of honor to Sergeant Major Giuseppe Pistone a member of the 22nd Battalion of the Colonial Army of the A.O.I (Africa Orientale Italiana) for his role in the defense of Barentu, Eritrea. The petition’s recommending officer is Lt. Colonel Francesco Mancuso, commander of the 22nd Battaglione Coloniale (A.O.I.),

2) the Graham C. Dorsett Photograph collection https://oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/kt9v19r2r3/ which depicts the Indian (also Pakistani) Army in Italian East Africa. The collection has over 2000 photos and shows the advances and victories of the army commanded by General Platt. The pictures include General Charles De Gaulle’s visit to the British and Free French forces in Eritrea.



So, why were the Allied Forces in the Horn of Africa, in general, and Eritrea, in particular, in 1941?

The short answer is a geographic (strategic) location: a case of geography’s notable role in history and for the longer answer, I will refer to various sources.

According to Commander John D. Alden, the Red Sea is probably the most forgotten theatre of fighting in WWII, and its significance during the early years of the war has been largely ignored.

Douglas Porch argues that the Eritrean campaign opened the Red Sea so that U.S. merchant shipping could supply Suez (Canal). Without the opening of the Red Sea these ships would have to travel thousands of miles around the Cape of Good Hope.

According to John W. Swancara,
By the Fall of 1941, Britain was being pushed to the brink of disaster in North Africa. Time was running out and so were the combat ready planes of Britain and its allies. Churchill asked Roosevelt for “some help.” Roosevelt responded by authorizing a secret Air Depot to be established and operated by American civilian volunteers under the direction of Douglas Aircraft Company. It would be classified “Secret” and given the title of “Project 19".
What was the highly classified Presidential Directive called “Project 19” and its impact on the war?

According to Peter J. Schraeder,
The War Department’s efforts in Eritrea were two fold. First, in the aftermath of a secret meeting held in Washington on November 19, 1941, a Royal Air Force (RAF) support base was established at the Eritrean town of Gurae. Codenamed “Project 19”, the purpose of the base was to repair and return damaged RAF aircraft to the North African battle zone with “minimum delay”. The War Department also refurbished the Eritrean port of Massawa to provide direct support for the British Mediterranean fleet, as well as to maintain a naval salvage operation to raise over forty ships scuttled by the Italian Navy.
Note: The personnel destined for Gurae, Eritrea were recruited from various professions including engineers from the aerospace industry, physicians, nurses, cooks and etc. The airplanes repair part of Project 19 was assigned to and under the direction of Douglass Aircraft Company. The logistics and construction component of the project was assigned to Johnson, Drake & Piper. For a complete sociological study of the project in Gura, see E. Gordon Ericksen’s Africa Company Town: The Social History of A Wartime Planning Experiment (1964).


General Charles De Gaulle visiting troops in Eritrea in 1941.

By the end of 1942, according to John W. Swancara, fifteen ships had brought 2,106 project employees. One of the first ships to arrive to Eritrea was the Army Transport SIBONEY. It left Brooklyn, New York on Christmas Eve, 1941 and arrived in Massawa, Eritrea, on February 2, 1942.

Hoover Institution Archives has newsletters issued on Army Transport SIBONEY. It has a complete run of the “The Trailblazer,” a rare hand typed daily paper under the editorship of Thomas Hubbard Vail Motter. “The Trailblazer”’s contents include: War (News) Flashes, Radio News, Letters to the Editor, Society Notes (Birthdays.), Entertainment (movies, poems, jokes, tournaments.), Ship’s News and Notes (Community Laundry, Lost & Found.) and Logs of the Voyage Given by Daily Keepers.

According to T.H.Vail Motter, http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/1 ... collection quoting him in detail, Army Transport SIBONEY carried 600 members of three military missions and some fifty million dollars’ worth of irreplaceable construction equipment, she got through the submarine infested Caribbean and across the South Atlantic unescorted and without incident except for a false submarine scare in the Indian Ocean.

The SS OKLAHOMAN was not as lucky as the SIBONEY. According to John W. Swancara:
some ships never made it due to German submarine activity. One loss was the SS OKLAHOMAN whose sinking was referred to by General Brereton in his personal dairies. Quote; “The loss of this ship and cargo will set Project 19 back at least six months.” … A second ship carrying crucial tools, test and calibration equipment and complete Army photographic laboratory is lost in the straits of Madagascar.
Even though “Project 19” was highly classified operation, John W. Swancara states that it was reported that during one of the early convoys to Massawa, Lord Haw Haw, the notorious ex- British Nazi propagandist, in one of his many speeches, included the convoy size, speed. and direction and commented that
Your ships will never make their destination.
In conclusion, Hoover’s holdings on the time period covered would help researchers investigate into what Commander Alden called the most forgotten and largely ignored theatre of fighting in WWII, and its significance during the early years of the war.

Sources:

Barker, A.J., Eritrea 1941 (London: Faber and Faber Ltd., 1966) 17

Richard Pankhurst, “Italian Fascist War Crimes in Ethiopia: A History of Their Discussion from the League of Nations to the United Nations (1936-1949)”, Northeast African Studies, new series, 6 (1999), 109-111

Barker, A.J., Eritrea 1941 (London: Faber and Faber Ltd., 1966) 17-18

Ellsberg, Edward. Under the Red Sea Sun (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1946) 11

Barker, A.J., Eritrea 1941 (London: Faber and Faber Ltd., 1966) 209

Alden John, D., Salvage Man: Edward Ellsberg and the U.S. Navy (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1998) 129

Porch, Douglas. The Path to Victory: The Mediterranean Theater in World War II (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2004) 663

Swancara, John W., Project 19: A Mission Most Secret (Spartanburg: Honoribus Press,1998) 13

“Project 19” also had a sister project named “Project Cedar” whose purpose was to deliver aircraft to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) through Iran.

Schraeder, Peter J., United States Foreign Policy Toward Africa: Incrementalism, Crisis and Change (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994) 115

Swancara, John W., Project 19: A Mission Most Secret (Spartanburg: Honoribus Press,1998) 36

Zmeselo
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Re: Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Zmeselo » 27 Jan 2022, 11:13

This Day in Eritrea's History.

On Jan 26, 1943, a US War Dep't Disposition Form was issued for the establishment of a War Department Fixed Radio Station in Eritrea & Kagnew Station was opened. The US spent 77 million USD to build the Station.



Kagnew Station, was originally an Italian naval communications center. In 1941, the British took over the center from the Italians and gave the naval station to the US & the US used it as a naval station at first. The Base was re-designated the 4th USASA Field Station, in 1958.

Kagnew Station was used to monitor nuclear explosions in the Soviet Union & was a good relay station for the military system across the world, because of its location. It had provided the comms relay for Kissinger’s early trips to China. 1st the secret mission & then, the Nixon visit.

It had the capability to communicate directly to Beijing from Asmara & then relay to Europe & then to the US. The rock-and-roll programming on Kagnew's 1,000-watt AM station was heard as far away as Australia, Finland & Brazil.

At its peak in the mid-1960s, there were 6,500 Americans at Kagnew Station in Eritrea with massive operation with 13 sites. It did telecommunications relay & tele intercept work. It had a huge dish antennae that was some 80 feet across.




Members of the US forces at war were immune from the criminal juris & in matters arising from the performance of their official duties, from the civil jurisdiction. In the event of a fatality of a native, a solatium of a cow & 2 barrels of "SWA", the local drink used to be given.

In April 1977, Mengistu ordered the expulsion of several Americans in Ethiopia and the closure of Kagnew Station by April 29. Over time the US had paid Ethiopia more than $360m in military aid as rent for Kagnew, billions of USD in today's value.


Pics. from http://kagnewstation.com

History of Eritreaታሪኽ ኤርትራ.تاريخ إريتريا: @Erihistory
Last edited by Zmeselo on 27 Jan 2022, 14:46, edited 2 times in total.

Fiyameta
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Re: Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Fiyameta » 27 Jan 2022, 11:24

A very interesting read. Thanks for sharing.

Zmeselo
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Re: Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Zmeselo » 27 Jan 2022, 11:29

Fiyameta wrote:
27 Jan 2022, 11:24
A very interesting read. Thanks for sharing.
My pleasure, brother! ✊


Read: Angola
Please wait, video is loading...

Pictorial:


Mr Dessale Berhane is the new Resident Council General of the State of Eritrea, to Angola.





📷 Ghebrhiwet Mahari
Last edited by Zmeselo on 27 Jan 2022, 15:38, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Fiyameta » 27 Jan 2022, 11:36

I just ordered the book: Under the Red Sea Sun Hardcover – by EDWARD ELLSBERG 1946, from Amazon and was thrilled reading some of the book reviews.

In the aftermath of the Pearl Harbor disaster, most American eyes were focused to the west. However, our British allies were waging a desperate struggle against the Axis in North Africa. After losing Greece, Crete and Cyprus, the Mediterranean was becoming an Axis only lake. If Rommel's Afrika Corps could sweep away Britain's beleaguered 8th Army in Egypt, the Suez Canal would fall and Hitler would have had an open path to the oil fields of the Middle East and the riches of India. With Alexandria in Egypt under constant air attack, the closest "safe" allied port and ship repair facilities were in Durban, South Africa; thousands of miles away. The only other possibility was a Red Sea port called Massawa in Eritrea. This port had been developed by Mussolini's Fascists to support their 1930's attempt to create a new empire in Africa. When they and their German allies were driven out early in WWII, they had done their best to sabotage the port so severely that it could never be used by the Allies.

This is the story of how one American naval officer and a small team of salvage men were able create a functional naval base out of essentially chewing gum, baling wire and whatever scraps of sabotaged gear they were able pull out of the wreckage the enemy had left behind. The men, supported by native Eritreans and Italian prisoners of war, battled savage heat and humidity and a bureacracy that seemed to be as much of an enemy as the Nazis themselves. What they accomplished in a few short months was nothing short of miraculous and is one of the great, unsung stories of the war. Commander Edward Ellsberg, by sheer force of will, managed to salvage many wrecks including sunken dry docks, booby trapped freighters and even a giant floating crane. All of which has been given up as unsalvageable by other, well equipped salvage operators.

The book offers a wealth of technical detail for the naval wonks among us, but Commander (later Captain and Admiral) Ellsberg never loses track of the human stories that really draw the reader in. I first read the book many years ago as a middle school student. I got to thinking about it recently and ordered a copy here on Amazon. It is just as great a read today as it was 30+ years ago. I recommend it highly; in particular for anyone interested in the naval aspects of WWII.

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Re: Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Zmeselo » 27 Jan 2022, 12:15






_________________





UN delegation held meeting with senior Government officials

https://shabait.com/2022/01/27/un-deleg ... officials/

LOCAL NEWS



Asmara, 27 January 2022- The Regional Directors and other senior United Nations officials in Africa, that are on a five-day working visit in Eritrea, met and held talks with Ministers and senior Eritrean Government officials.

The objective of the meeting was to identify priorities and strengthen mutual cooperation and partnership in accordance with the five years Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework launched between the Eritrean Government and UN Agencies, on 25 January in Asmara.



At the meeting the delegation conducted with Mr. Hagos Gebrehiwet, head of Economic Affairs of the PFDJ, they were provided an extensive briefing on the basic principles of the economic policy of the Eritrean Government; including social justice, trade and investment, agriculture, fisheries, mining, infrastructure, and international cooperation as well as comparative advantage of Eritrea- including the peace and stability, as well as the strategic geographical location of the country.



The delegation also met and held talks with Ms. Fouzia Hashim, Minister of Justice, Mr. Arefaine Berhe, Minister of Agriculture, and Mr. Tesfay Zekarias, D. G. of Energy focusing on sectoral development policies and programs.

The UN Delegation, on 26 January, also visited developmental sites and projects in the Southern Region aimed at creating a common understanding of the developmental priorities of the Eritrean Government.



The 25 member delegation visited the National Fistula Treatment Center at Mendefera Referral Hospital, Halhale Agricultural Research Institute, Halhale Agricultural Project, ‘Azieb’ milk and milk products private enterprise, Areza, and Mai-Dima Solar System Projects, Logo and Misilam Dams as well as other developmental projects in the Southern Region.

Speaking to Erina, the participants said that with the visit they conducted they have been able to observe and appreciate the Eritrean Government has registered in the development programs; especially in the sectors of health and agriculture.



The participants further expressed that the progress they observed on the ground will have significant input in the advancement of the five years Development and Cooperation Framework, launched between Eritrea and the UN agencies.

They also expressed appreciation, for the readiness of the Government of Eritrea to work with the United Nations Agencies.

It is to be recalled that the Government of Eritrea and UN Agencies at a ceremony held in Asmara on 25 January launched five years Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework on the sectors of infrastructure, agriculture, energy, industry, health education as well as capacity building.



_________________






Eritrea Country Office Team @UnfpaEritrea welcomes the UN High-Level Delegation to Asmara including @UNFPA_ESARO RD a.i. Dr. Bannet Ndyanabangi @ndyanabangi and the team.
UNFPA Eritrea: @UnfpaEritrea

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Re: Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Zmeselo » 27 Jan 2022, 12:43

The Eritrean Lion, did it again!!! 🔥🔥🔥





________



Intermarché goldcrest Biniam Girmay immediately wins in Mallorca

https://sporza.be/nl/2022/01/27/interma ... 291048339/

(Software translation from dutch)


The win is already on for Intermarché-Wanty-Gobert.

Thu 27 January 2022

Intermarché-Wanty-Gobert did not have to wait long, for his first win of the season. Biniam Girmay was the fastest today in the Trofeo Alcudia, the second race of the Challenge Mallorca. The still only 21-year-old Eritrean, confirms that he is made of the right stuff.

The second race on Mallorca contained a lot less altimeters than yesterday.

A sprint was written in the stars, but some slopes at the start of the last race hour inspired Cian Uijtdebroeks, among others.

The demolitions were not convincing enough and the sprinters got their way.

Speed ​​demons like Giacomo Nizzolo (Israel-Premier Tech) and Pascal Ackermann (UAE) wanted to please their new employers, but they were skillfully knocked out by Biniam Girmay (Intermarché-Wanty-Gobert).

The Eritrean is heralded, as one of this season's revelations. In September, the sprint-fast Girmay was second at the World Championship for promises in Leuven.

Last year, Intermarché-Wanty-Gobert had to wait until May 10 for the first win of the season. Taco van der Hoorn then won a stage in the Giro.

With Piet Allegaert and Lawrence Naesen, two Belgians finished in the top 10.



Trofeo Alcudia (1.1)

1. Biniam Girmay (Eri) 173 km in 3h50'48"
2. Ryan Gibbons (ZAf) zt
3. Giacomo Nizzolo (Ita)
4. Ivan Garcia Cortina (Spa)
5. Matis Louvel (Fra)
6. Michael Matthews (Aus)
7. Piet Allegaert
8. Pascal Ackermann (Germany)
9. Jesus Ezquerra (Spa)
10. Lawrence Naesen



_______________







Trofeo Alcudia - Port d'Alcudia
BINI WINS THE TROFEO ALCUDIA

https://intermarche-wantygobert.eu/news/alcudia/

This Thursday, Eritrean Biniam Girmay offered the first success of the season for Intermarché-Wanty-Gobert Matériaux, dominating a sprint of strong men on the Trofeo Alcudia (1.1, 27/01), the second one-day race of the Mallorca Challenge. Girmay, 21, concluded the formidable teamwork of the men led by Aike Visbeek and Pieter Vanspeybrouck, who took responsibility for the race from the first kilometers.

The Belgian World Team thus participated in the chase behind the morning breakaway of three riders, controlling a gap which peaked at almost five minutes. The difficult climb of Coll de Sa Batalla (8.7 km at 5%), located 50 kilometers from the finish, represented the main threat for a sprint finish. Surrounded by his teammates, Girmay managed to climb to the top with a heavily skimmed peloton, accompanied by Loïc Vliegen.

Despite late attempts to avoid the sprint, it’s a small peloton that shared the honors in Port d’Alcudia, in the northeast of the island. The vice-world champion U23 Girmay came up from the left, thanks to a powerful effort, to reach the line ahead of his opponents and offer the first victory of 2022 for the team on the second day of racing.

Tomorrow, the Trofeo Serra de Tramuntana will cross the eponymous mountain range on a particularly demanding 158 kilometer course, which features notably the Puig Major (14.6 km at 6%). Jan Bakelants, Kobe Goossens, Laurens Huys, Alexander Kristoff, Andrea Pasqualon and Kévin van Melsen will represent the team at the start in Lloseta.



I am overwhelmed by this victory and the euphoria of all members of the team! It's really nice to start the season like this and to continue our fantastic winning spirit from last fall. I started the year with a lot of confidence, but it's fantastic that I was able to beat some of the world's best sprinters here in my second day of racing. Before that, I had to survive the long climb in the final. I really suffered, but thanks to the help of my teammates with the positioning I was able to start the sprint with good legs. I am grateful for their support throughout the race, we are a really close group. And, I also want to thank the staff. I like the courses and pleasant weather conditions here in Mallorca, it is the very first time I visit this beautiful island. I hope to keep the momentum going in my next races of the Mallorca Challenge, this Saturday and Sunday!


Biniam Girmay Hailu

We can be proud of how the team performed, today. We took our responsibilities, because with Biniam Girmay and Alexander Kristoff we had two solid options, each for a specific scenario. Either a sprint with a reduced group or with a larger group. Thanks to Biniam's victory, the hard work put in this winter is immediately rewarded. The performances confirm the good impression we already had, during the training camp. The riders we expected on from the start of the season are showing up already here in Mallorca. This victory, so early in the season, gives a lot of confidence to the whole team. We can thus pursue our strategy, with serenity and keep building.


Aike Visbeek (Performance Manager)









__________________









Last edited by Zmeselo on 27 Jan 2022, 15:34, edited 4 times in total.

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Re: Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Zmeselo » 27 Jan 2022, 13:22



Real Sociedad star Alexander Isak has no intention of joining Arsenal this January

Metro Transfer News Reporter

https://metro.co.uk/2022/01/26/alexande ... -15992844/

Wednesday 26 Jan 2022


Alexander Isak has no plans to join Arsenal this month (Picture: Getty)

Arsenal https://metro.co.uk/tag/arsenal-fc/?ico ... rt_P1_LNK1 have been dealt another major blow in their pursuit of a striker this January, with Alexander Isak reportedly intent on seeing out the season at Real Sociedad.

Fiorentina forward Dusan Vlahovic https://metro.co.uk/tag/dusan-vlahovic/ ... rt_P2_LNK1 had been identified as Arsenal’s primary target up front at the start of the window, but the 21-year-old Serbian is poised to join Juventus in a £67million deal. https://metro.co.uk/2022/01/25/arsenal- ... -15982060/

The north London https://metro.co.uk/tag/london/?ico=aut ... rt_P3_LNK1 giants were therefore forced to focus their attentions on alternatives and set their sights on a possible deal for Isak, 22, who has scored eight goals in all competitions for Sociedad this season.

Seemingly growing agitated with just days remaining until the transfer deadline, Mikel Arteta flew to the United States for face-to-face talks with Stan Kroenke https://metro.co.uk/2022/01/25/arsenal- ... -15983930/ in an effort to convince the Arsenal owner to release the necessary funds for reinforcements this week.

But according to Spanish publication Mundo Deportivo, Arsenal are set for yet more disappointment this winter given Isak will ‘100 per cent’ be remaining at Sociedad and has
no plans to change scenery
midway through the campaign.

It’s claimed Isak’s mindset could change in the summer should Sociedad fail to secure qualification for the Champions League and tying down the Sweden international could prove ‘complicated’ in this scenario.


Isak has a £75m release clause at Real Sociedad (Picture: Getty)

The report adds that Sociedad remain ‘calm’ about the situation as they believe Isak is unlikely to get distracted by an offer to leave as was the case with Willian Jose two years ago.

The La Liga club view Isak as a ‘huge asset’ considering the eye-watering €90m (£75m) release clause inserted into the five-year contract extension he signed last July.


Arteta is desperate to replenish his attack this month (Picture: Getty)

Speaking to The Independent earlier this season, Isak talked up a possible move to the Premier League down the line.
I am in a good place at the moment, I am very happy, but one day it would be nice to play in England as well,
the Swede said.
They have six or seven of the biggest clubs in the world, it is a very high level, and of course, one day it would be an alternative.
Every player wants to be the best version of themselves and reach the highest possible level.
People will always count the goals, I want to score, but I want to be a modern striker.
I love playing football, and that means being involved as much as possible. I think that is why Spain has suited me very well.

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Re: Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Temt » 27 Jan 2022, 13:49

Wow! Very interesting historical read, not something based on fables aka ተረት ተረት! Thanks, Zmeselo and Fiyameta for sharing the posts!

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Re: Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Zmeselo » 27 Jan 2022, 18:23






Like Ceasar: He came! He saw! He conquered!






Zmeselo
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Re: Hoover’s Rare Materials Illuminate A Forgotten Theater Of Fighting In WWII

Post by Zmeselo » 27 Jan 2022, 19:02


The always serene, Asmara
📷 Asmaragraphy



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Layne Tadesse, An EriXpress Interview on his new Song #NoMore and More


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