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Zmeselo
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Posts: 28354
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Still same ole- same ole, from the US.

Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jan 2022, 16:45



AFRICA
Biden raises concerns over Ethiopia airstrikes in call with prime minister

US president raises concerns 'ongoing hostilities, including recent air strikes, continue to cause civilian casualties'

Michael Hernandez

https://www.aa.com.tr/en/africa/biden-r ... er/2470361#

10.01.2022



WASHINGTON

US President Joe Biden raised concerns over Ethiopia's continued airstrikes in the country's north during a telephone call with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, the White House said on Monday.

Biden
expressed concern that the ongoing hostilities, including recent air strikes, continue to cause civilian casualties and suffering, and he reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to work alongside the African Union and regional partners to help Ethiopians peacefully resolve the conflict,
it said in a statement.
Both leaders underscored the importance of the U.S.-Ethiopia relationship, the potential to strengthen cooperation on a range of issues, and the need for concrete progress to resolve the conflict,
it added.

An air raid by Ethiopian forces killed 56 people, including children, and left at least 30 others injured in a camp in northern Ethiopia's Tigray region on Saturday. The facility housed internally displaced persons (IDP), according to the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF).

Media reports that quoted aid workers also widely reported the attack near the border with Eritrea, saying that the number is likely to increase because of a lack of medical supplies in Tigray which has been under government aid blockade for months.

The attack comes after TPLF fighters withdrew to their borders in December to give room for the international community to push for a peace process.

TPLF leader Debretsion Gebremichael in a letter to the UN demanded arms embargoes on Ethiopia and its northern neighbor, Eritrea, along with a no-fly zone for hostile aircraft above Tigray and a probe to confirm that there are no more external forces left in Tigray.

Thousands have been killed as Ethiopian forces have been fighting the Tigrayan rebels since November 2020.

The conflict has also affected other areas of the country, forcing at least 2 million people from their homes and leaving civilians without access to critical humanitarian assistance.

Acute food insecurity is now affecting more than 9.4 million people in northern Ethiopia, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Within Tigray, 5.2 million people, or roughly 90% of the population, need humanitarian aid.

The Ethiopian government released last week high-profile leaders of the TPLF, the opposition Oromo Federalist Congress and the newly formed Balderas party.

The White House said the US president lauded Abiy on releases of political leaders, and discussed
ways to accelerate dialogue toward a negotiated ceasefire, the urgency of improving humanitarian access across Ethiopia, and the need to address the human rights concerns of all affected Ethiopians, including concerns about detentions of Ethiopians under the state of emergency.

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Zmeselo
Senior Member+
Posts: 28354
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Still same ole- same ole, from the US.

Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jan 2022, 17:13



Home /Editorials
Africa cannot afford a cold war fueled by US-China tensions

By Hippolyte Fofack

https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/editor ... 2003771065

Mon, Jan 10, 2022

More than 20,000 Africans were killed in violent conflicts in 2020, an almost 10-fold increase from a decade ago. Concurrently, and perhaps not coincidentally, Sino-US rivalry has escalated sharply. A new cold war, this time between the US and China, along with other regional security threats, could be disastrous for Africa’s economic development and green transition.

The dramatic increase in high-intensity conflicts in Africa has coincided with two major trends: the expansion of transnational terrorist networks, sustained by a glut of itinerant foreign fighters, and the proliferation of foreign military bases amid rising Sino-US geopolitical tensions.

This global contest to project power has given rise to proxy conflicts raging across the region — including in Ethiopia, which hosts the headquarters of the African Union — as the US and China vie for control of natural resources and strategic trade routes.

As of 2019, 13 foreign countries were carrying out military operations on African soil — more than in any other region — and most have several bases across the continent.

Africa is home to at least 47 foreign outposts, with the US controlling the largest number, followed by France. China and Japan established their first overseas military bases since World War II in Djibouti, which is the only country in the world to host US and Chinese outposts.

A growing number of foreign countries are influencing the outcome of local conflicts, from Central Africa and the Sahel to the Horn and northern Africa. The US has invited many countries in the region to join an alliance aimed at curbing China’s overseas ambitions.

Unveiling a new US-Africa strategy in 2018, then-US national security adviser John Bolton warned that African leaders who failed to support the US diplomatically should not expect much US aid in the future. Bolton’s statement set the stage for a return to conditional development assistance, in which geopolitical considerations rather than investment returns largely determine rich countries’ allocation of resources to capital-poor economies.

In the 1950s, US President Dwight Eisenhower called proxy wars
the cheapest insurance in the world,
reflecting their limited political risks and human costs for sponsors.

These conflicts are tremendously costly for the countries in which they occur.

In Africa, besides causing huge loss of life, proxy wars are prolonging insecurity and locking countries into a downward spiral of intergenerational poverty. They drain African countries’ already limited foreign-exchange reserves and shrink their equally narrow fiscal space while reversing democratic gains, reflected in the recent resurgence of military coups.

African governments’ rising military spending is absorbing a growing share of African government budgets, in contrast to a general decline in other parts of the world, further heightening the macroeconomic management challenges.

According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, military spending in Africa exceeded US$43 billion in 2020, up from US$15 billion in the 1990s.

Defense outlays accounted for an average of 8.2 percent of government spending across Africa in 2020, compared with an unweighted global average of 6.5 percent. The share is considerably higher in conflict-affected countries such as Mali (18 percent) and Burkina Faso (12 percent).

That is where the fastest increases in defense outlays have occurred. The institute says that three of the five African countries where military spending is rising most sharply — Mali, up 339 percent over the past decade, Niger (288 percent) and Burkina Faso (238 percent) — are battling terrorist networks in the Sahel, a desperately poor region stretching across the continent from Senegal to Sudan and Eritrea.

Even before the COVID-19 crisis erupted, most poor African countries already faced huge, persistent infrastructure financing gaps — and the increase in military spending has often come at the expense of investment in productive, climate-resilient projects.

The shifts in government expenditure are undermining policymakers’ ability to use robust public investment to crowd in private capital and thus keep Africa on the long-run growth trajectory required to ensure global income convergence.

Growing political and conflict-related risks are also deterring investment and raising borrowing costs. In February last year, for example, Fitch Ratings downgraded Ethiopia’s sovereign credit rating, citing among other factors the deterioration of the country’s political and security environment following the outbreak of civil war and heightened regional tensions.

The scars of the Cold War — which claimed millions of African lives and was largely responsible for the lost decades that precipitated a widening income gap between Africa and the rest of the world — are still fresh, and the region cannot afford a sequel.

In addition to its enormous human and economic costs, the Cold War exacerbated political fragmentation in Africa as countries aligned themselves with either the West or the Soviet bloc.

That division sustained market segmentation, reinforced colonial borders, and undermined cross-border trade and regional integration. A second cold war would likewise weaken ongoing efforts to deepen integration under the nascent African Continental Free Trade Area.

The subordination of growth and development objectives to security priorities can only worsen intergenerational poverty, fuel migration pressures, damage the environment, and impede climate-change mitigation and adaptation.

The risks will increase further as policymakers are compelled to divert scarce resources away from the infrastructure investment needed to diversify African countries’ sources of growth and accelerate their integration into the global economy.

For centuries, colonial powers, and then superpowers, viewed Africa exclusively through the prism of their economic, security and geopolitical interests. This undermined long-term investment and regional integration, which sparked spectacular growth elsewhere the world.

The same mentality, fueled by US-China tensions, is perpetuating and exacerbating insecurity, ensnaring countries across Africa, especially in the Sahel, in a “conflict trap” and “poverty trap” that keeps them in a downward spiral.

As John Maynard Keynes said:
The difficulty lies not so much in developing new ideas as in escaping from old ones.
Transcending a cold-war mindset will not be easy, especially in a changing geopolitical environment, in which technology diffusion reduces the direct costs borne by the sponsors of proxy wars. It is essential to foster Africa’s future prosperity, alleviate migration pressures, combat climate change and save innocent lives.

Hippolyte Fofack is chief economist and director of research at the African Export-Import Bank.

Za-Ilmaknun
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Posts: 3383
Joined: 15 Jun 2018, 17:40

Re: Still same ole- same ole, for the US.

Post by Za-Ilmaknun » 10 Jan 2022, 17:17

I kinda wonder! TPLF is more than willing to make amends with Eritrea and march South to retake whatever power it has lost to OLF. If Eritrea is as half willing to reconcile with TPLF like the PM is trying so desperately to do, the infant gov't of Ethio would collapse in a few weeks time. The PM is so desperate to get out of this war at any cost to the nation and friends while, he keeps his seat. TPLF won't be satisfied at any give and take unless it is 100% in their favor. Now, in his dangerous but predictable moves the PM is alienating so many without earning the friendship of any. His base never will support him until he stops talking about Ethiopia in rosy words and starts to accuse Minilik and Amhara grossly. As a leader, security of the nation and its people should the primarily be duty of the PM...unless that PM is Ethiopian leader. smh.

He is talking in terms of post war while we still are in a raging war. TPLF is now encroaching on Raya Qobo and shelling so many towns in North Gondar and Wello. OLF supporters would come out to dictate for the Amhara to fight their own war forgetting the fact how the war started in the first place and how the Amhara and Afar has disproportionally paid the price.

Aba
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Posts: 4018
Joined: 15 Apr 2011, 17:52

Re: Still same ole- same ole, from the US.

Post by Aba » 10 Jan 2022, 17:46

:lol: :lol: :mrgreen: :lol: :lol:
No wonder the tyrant was blabbering about the US

Aba
Member
Posts: 4018
Joined: 15 Apr 2011, 17:52

Re: Still same ole- same ole, from the US.

Post by Aba » 10 Jan 2022, 18:31

Bozzo,
Is it true your tyrants are expelled from Arat Kilo? No wonder you and your savage tyrant are pizzed off.
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen:

Zmeselo
Senior Member+
Posts: 28354
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Still same ole- same ole, from the US.

Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jan 2022, 20:03

Uuuu Joe Biden

You know better, not to piśś off Eritreans! :lol:




Aba wrote:
10 Jan 2022, 18:31
Bozzo,
Is it true your tyrants are expelled from Arat Kilo? No wonder you and your savage tyrant are pizzed off.
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen:

Aba
Member
Posts: 4018
Joined: 15 Apr 2011, 17:52

Re: Still same ole- same ole, from the US.

Post by Aba » 10 Jan 2022, 21:49

Bozzo,
Word is your savage junta is fleeing back to his dungeon with his tail behind his tail. What a waste. The cancer PFDJ responding to chemotherapy; the Horn ofAfrica is about to get rid of this disease.
:oops: :oops: :lol: :mrgreen:
Zmeselo wrote:
10 Jan 2022, 20:03
Uuuu Joe Biden

You know better, not to piśś off Eritreans! :lol:




Aba wrote:
10 Jan 2022, 18:31
Bozzo,
Is it true your tyrants are expelled from Arat Kilo? No wonder you and your savage tyrant are pizzed off.
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen:

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