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Zmeselo
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Eritreans of Italian descent demand Rome finally grant them citizenship

Post by Zmeselo » 13 Oct 2021, 14:20





Eritreans of Italian descent demand Rome finally grant them citizenship

Group of more than 300 descendants of people born under Italian rule accuse state of ‘crime of colonial racism’

Angela Giuffrida in Rome

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/ ... ly-eritrea

Wed 13 Oct 2021

Hundreds of Eritreans of Italian descent who trace their ancestry to the period of Italy’s colonial rule are demanding Italian citizenship, a right denied to them by Benito Mussolini’s racial laws.

A group of more than 300 grandchildren or great-grandchildren of people born to Italian fathers and Eritrean mothers have written to the Italian president, Sergio Mattarella, and other government officials urging them to
finally examine and resolve an issue that has never really been addressed, a crime of colonial racism that marked the life of thousands of innocent women and men, and which continues to discriminate against generations of Italians.
Eritrea was colonised by Italy https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/ ... ittle-rome in 1890 and over the next six decades an estimated 20,000 children were fathered by Italian men, many of whom were military officials or soldiers living in the country for a short period of time and who never acknowledged the children.

Relationships between Italian men and Eritrean women, who were usually young domestic workers, were mostly tolerated until Mussolini’s last decade in power, during which time he enacted laws making it a crime for Italians to have mixed-race children. Prior to that, a small number of children were acknowledged by their fathers and recognised as Italian.
Things got much worse with the fascists in the 1920s and 30s because they had this very racist idea of a society that did not include mixed-race children,
said Vittorio Longhi, an Italian journalist of Eritrean origin and author of the book The Colour of My Name.
Before the racial laws were enforced some children managed to be recognised as Italian, but the vast majority ended up in orphanages as their mothers didn’t have the means to raise them.
Longhi’s grandfather, born in 1896 to an Italian military officer and Eritrean mother, and grandmother were mixed race.
They were lucky as they were born at the start of colonialism,
said Longhi.

The consequences of colonisation lingered long after it ended, with many Italian-Eritreans persecuted as they were considered the heirs of “invaders
My grandfather was shot dead for being mixed race,
said Longhi.

Eritreans of Italian descent have been fighting for recognition since 1992, when Italy https://www.theguardian.com/world/italy legalised dual-citizenship for people who could claim an Italian bloodline. One of the main issues is that they are unable to provide official documentation of their Italian heritage.
On top of that, nowadays they cannot leave Eritrea https://www.theguardian.com/world/series/inside-eritrea because of the harsh dictatorship there, so they can’t travel to Italy to search for evidence of having had an Italian grandfather or great-grandfather,
said Longhi.
There are hundreds, if not thousands, of Italian descendants trapped in Eritrea.
The appeal to Mattarella comes amid a debate in Italy over neofascist groups, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/ ... rn-violent while immigration has always been a thorny political issue. Previous attempts by Italian-Eritreans to be recognised have often been dismissed by politicians who did not want thousands of people from Italy’s former colonies in Africa claiming citizenship.
This is a racist colonial crime that has never been faced, acknowledged or solved by the Italian authorities,
said Longhi.
After the second world war, Italy tried to dismiss and neglect any responsibility, which is why there is almost no literature or debate about colonialism. This is why we’re appealing, especially now that neofascists are trying to revive those racist issues.

Zmeselo
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Re: Eritreans of Italian descent demand Rome finally grant them citizenship

Post by Zmeselo » 13 Oct 2021, 15:00




ህዝባዊ ሰሚናር: ኣብ ኢጣልያ ብ ዕለት 09 ጥቅምቲ ኣብ ከተማ ሮማ ብኽቡር ሚኒስተር ወጻኢ ጉዳያት ኣቶ ዑስማን ሳልሕ ንነበርቲ ኢጣላያ ህሉው ፖለቲካዊ ኩነታትን ጥሙር መደባት መኸተን ዞባዊ ምዕባሌታትን ብዝብል ኣርእስቲ ሰፊሕ ሰሚናር ኣካይዱ።



ፕረዝደንት ሃማደኤ ወ/ሮ ተኽኣ ተ/ምካኤል ትርከበን ላዕለወት ሓለፍቲ ንተራን ኣበርክቶን ደቂ ኣንስትዮ ኤርትራ ኣብ ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃን ዓለምን ንምስታፍ ሎሚ ዕለት 13-15 Oct ዝተኸፍተ 100ሃገራት ዓለም ዘለውኦ ኣብ ከተማ St.Petersburg-Russia ይሳተፍ ኣለዋ። Eritrea's Women delegation led by President of NUEW Ms Tekea Tesfamichael is participating at 3rd Eurasian Women's Forum convened in St.Petersburg-Russia from 13-15 Oct.
Yemane G. Meskel ✔: @hawelti





Eritrea and Tchad diplomacy: A very good beginning.

1st secretary of Japan Embassy to Eritrea Mr. Kazunori Hosoya tasked with founding new mission in Asmara paid a curtesy visit to our Embassy today. We exchanged ideas/information on the history/future horizon of our relations + Ethiopia & region エリトリア エチオピア @MofaJapan_en

Zmeselo
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Re: Eritreans of Italian descent demand Rome finally grant them citizenship

Post by Zmeselo » 13 Oct 2021, 15:27



A Tour in the Northern Red Sea Region

By: Sirak Habtemichael

https://shabait.com/2021/10/13/a-tour-i ... ea-region/

GENERAL

Oct 13, 2021



It is home to natural resources including a variety of marine species, incredible landscape, clear and unpolluted seashore, archaeological sites, infrastructure wonders, forestry, wildlife, and more and more. Every rock, every village, and every single place has its own history to tell and magnificence to provide to any lucky individual who visits, but even the lifetime of a man is not enough to study every single place in the Northern Red Sea region of Eritrea.

The region stretches 600 kilometers along the coastal line, and around 450 kilometers inland, a total area of 34,236 square kilometers with every single place of history and scenic beauty. Today, I would like to give you an overview of some select places in the region.

The expedition began from the port city of Massawa, capital of the region, and made its way to the very cradle of [deleted] sapiens, the Buya area located on the tip of the East African rift valley, around 110 kilometers from Massawa. This is the area where a 1.4 million-year-old Human Cranium of the H0m0 erectus family that was later identified as remains of a young lady was excavated. From archaeological studies, by local experts from the National Museum of Eritrea and foreign researchers, the skull of the early human remain was unique from the other findings of other corners of the world because it still possesses the full facial feature of the ‘Buya Woman’, and it is believed to have filled the missing link in those transition era.



Buya is also an example of uniquely preserved relics of one up to two million years old stone tools, a large number of fossilized bones of extinct animals, and others. The achulian stone tools are abundant once you lay foot on the Dandero valley of Buya and the very place where the human cranium was found is still preserved, but the actual finding was moved to the National Museum of Eritrea.

The inhabitants of Buya received the visiting group with a warm welcome, and most interesting of all, the banners they were holding signified how well-informed they are in regards to the archaeological importance of their district and reflect how attached they are with the finding of the human cranium and how important it is for Buya to be an area where the very first humans originated.

Crossing the village of Buya, we made our way to the South-Eastern part of the region to finish the first day of the expedition in the sub-zone of Gel’alo. Before going to the destination, however, another archaeological site and of very high significance had to be visited; Abdur, a coastal site that may be the first place where man discovered the possibilities of marine resources.

This site is located on the eastern edge of the Gulf of Zula. The 125,000 years old stone tools discovered within the uplifted marine terraces along this coastline of Eritrea at the Abdur archaeological site show the earliest well-dated evidence of human occupation of the coastal marine environment.

The smooth road that mostly runs side by side with the clear coastal water and sand, made the expedition extraordinary. To make matters even more thrilling, a family of ostriches with around fifty newly born marched crossing the road to the sea as if they were deliberately performing a march to welcome the group.



The second day was yet another very long day, but of course full of adventures. As if chronologically sorted, day one started from the early pre-history of man up to where the first sea daring humans originated. The tour, as well as the history of the area, continues from there onwards.

Adulis is a place of high archaeological importance and an ancient port city, which may be one of the oldest civilizations of the world. Located 56 kilometers from Massawa, archaeological findings in the ancient port city of Adulis show that it existed around 2000 BC and became a major port around 240 BC. The ancient port city reached its apex of prosperity and influence from 100-700 AD. Adulis was a famous port harboring many ships at one time and facilitated the transportation of raw materials from the African hinterland to the Arabian land, India and China, and vice versa.

Another harbor, just a few kilometers from the town of Gelalo is Marsa Fatuma. Standing remains of contemporary history from the Italian colonial era make this harbor worth visiting. Historical references date the rise of Marsa Fatuma as one of the main harbors of the Italian colonizers from the early 20th century.

The expedition continued to explore more and enjoy the beautiful scenery along the way. Sunrise in the region is by itself something many people would only see on postcards and to make the tour even more adventurous, the hotel we were staying in was located only a few meters from the sea. By the sides of the road around Erafaile, remains of centuries-old walls stand still narrating the history of the people of the area and their bravery to protect their land from warlords who continuously raided the area to find a Seagate.



After driving in the dusty roads around the Burea peninsula towards the tip to visit a village called Engel, the clear seashore and shimmering crystal clear coastal sands welcome you from afar. By then, it is impossible to feel any exhaustion from the long hours of drive. Most interesting of all, the cultural diversity of the ethnic groups that inhabit the area and their genuine welcoming nature, accompanied by their unique drum beats and their dancing styles, and of course the fresh seafood they provide is indeed another significant factor that makes one stay as long as possible. By far, unpolluted sea and unpolluted people would define this specific section.

The people in the region value the presence of guests and as such accorded the visiting crew with a warm welcome, wherever we went. Not only was that the food they served which reflected the rich fish resource of the Red Sea in all the places we visited, was exquisite. We couldn’t stop admiring the people wherever we went; it was like a cooking competition amongst the inhabitants. Every meal served included a variety of fish and cuisine.

Zula is another historical place in the region, just a couple of kilometers from the ancient port city of Adulis. Like the other parts of the region, a herd of ostriches on both sides of the road accompanied us until they reached the outskirts of the town located on the Red Sea coast. Upon arrival, the inhabitants of the area received us with face-melting drumbeats of the predominant settlers of the Town; the Tigre, Saho, and Rashaida ethnic groups. To our surprise, each ethnic group has its own style of beats but the sound of all didn’t interfere. On the other hand, they made a perfect harmony that pleased the ears of the entire group.



After almost two hours of lunch rest and breathtaking sea breeze, we made our way for yet another adventure in the port city of Massawa, the region’s capital. But before that, I forgot to mention the natural hot springs on the way to Erafaile. Many people consider it a place, where nature heals nerve problems. All you need is a blanket to wrap yourself with and sit over those holes scattered abundantly all the way and receive natural steam from beneath.

After almost two and half hours, we reached the port city of Massawa, an old and modern city. The city as a whole is a blend of Arabic architecture that mostly is related to the Turks and Egyptians as well as some monumental Italian touches. The Architectural splendor of the city by itself needs an entire story to tell, but the main purpose of the visit then was to see what could be the oldest mosque in Africa.

It is called the Sahaba, which means the followers of Mohammed. It was built at around 615 A.D when the first fleeing companions of Mohammed reached on this side of the Red Sea. It is said that the mosque could have been constructed after the followers of Mohammed seek sanctuary in a land across the Red Sea, which according to various historical evidence could be Massawa. As a matter of fact, various other evidence that could underpin this evidence is abundant in various parts of the region.

Towards the east of Massawa, somewhere around five kilometers by the sea, there is an Island called Sheik Seid, which is commonly known as the Green Island. Sheik Seid is a name, which signifies the existence of an ancient mosque on the small Island, while the Green Island could be related to the green view the island provides from afar due to the range of mangrove trees.

According to marine resource experts, the island is a haven for various marine species that includes a place of hatching for sea turtles. Furthermore, the location of the island controls the natural flyway of various bird species from Europe to Africa and the other way round.



Apart from the historical and architectural wonders, Massawa is endowed with, the port city is also a land of bravery and a gateway for the total liberation of Eritrea. Many battles were fought there and miracles were made by the valiant liberation fighters, but the story of resilience in Massawa and Nakfa, the stronghold of the Eritrean Liberation Struggle, will be covered in our next edition.

Just a couple of kilometers from the area is an Island called: Delleme. We had to use small local boats, to cross the sea. The Island was used by the Italians to control the channel, that goes from the Northern part of the Red Sea to the south. Ruins of the walls that were used by the Italians and heavy artilleries are still there on the Island.

From the other end of the Island, the beautiful sound of the sea wave smashing against the cliffs immediately caught everyone’s attention as if it was deliberately calling us to enjoy the beauty and power of nature. The mangrove trees surrounding most of the Islands around the area also provide them a magnificent scenic beauty and cooler breeze.

There is nothing to leave in the area except footprints, because it would ruin the site and of course nothing to take except photos. It is like driving on pages of history, engraved by nature itself. The tour in the Northern Red Sea region doesn’t end here, there is more to tell and more to enjoy.

Aba
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Posts: 2995
Joined: 15 Apr 2011, 17:52

Re: Eritreans of Italian descent demand Rome finally grant them citizenship

Post by Aba » 13 Oct 2021, 15:38

Bozzo,
Those fools should have gone to Scandinavia. They would have become welfare queens like you by now.
:lol: :mrgreen: :lol:
Zmeselo wrote:
13 Oct 2021, 14:20


Eritreans of Italian descent demand Rome finally grant them citizenship

Zmeselo
Senior Member+
Posts: 26212
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Eritreans of Italian descent demand Rome finally grant them citizenship

Post by Zmeselo » 13 Oct 2021, 16:19








The other 2021/2022 projections for region: Somalia 1.6% & 3.9%. Sudan 0.9% & 3.5%. Ethiopia 2% & no proj. for 2022. SouthSudan 5.3% & 6.5% Djibouti 5% & 5.5%.


________________




Eritrea- Ethiopia Potential for cooperation, in the HoA.

July 1991, Eritrean scholars gathered in Asmera & deliberated on key policy issues for Eritrea. Ideas generated at the time, still feel relevant today. Reflections with little adaptation of my own:

1) Eritrea provides strategic location, industriousness & gate to critical markets.
2) Ethiopia with its size, experience & influence can serve as an economic hub; huge market, vital regional/Int'l institutions to influence policies, expand opportunities.
3) Sectors of cooperation can include: transport & communication; Food production; industry; energy.
4) to realise these, need for policy coordination, removal of barriers, harmony of admin procedures& practices, Free movt of labour/capital.
5) today priority for both is security/stability, identify common enemies, avoid dependency. This requires complete overhaul/delinking from exploitative economic & political finance model of TPLF, combine their capabilities, prioritize Self Reliance.

MEHRETAB MEDHANIE: @EriPrism
Last edited by Zmeselo on 13 Oct 2021, 19:35, edited 1 time in total.

Zmeselo
Senior Member+
Posts: 26212
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Eritreans of Italian descent demand Rome finally grant them citizenship

Post by Zmeselo » 13 Oct 2021, 17:54




______________





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The Ministry of Agriculture in Eritrea is introducing to the society and farmers Hydroponic fodder for animal feed, grown from seeds without soil and with little water. They can be produced every day of the year, even in the dry season. #SDGs
Wegreat Sahel.: @Semadit4eri



Last edited by Zmeselo on 13 Oct 2021, 19:37, edited 1 time in total.

Zmeselo
Senior Member+
Posts: 26212
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Eritreans of Italian descent demand Rome finally grant them citizenship

Post by Zmeselo » 13 Oct 2021, 18:42








_________________






Day 3 Tour Zoba Maekel Asmara -Mendefera-Asmara- Nefasit: 162km
1. Nobel Michael
2. Nahom Zeray
3. Mehari Tewelde
Yellow Jersey with Hager Andemariam (Eri-Tell), Green Jersey Samsom Habte (Asbeco) & Best Climber Nobel Michael (Asbeco) @biniamb




_________________



Eritrea: An Emerging Cycling Giant

By: Simon Woldemichael

https://shabait.com/2021/10/13/eritrea- ... ing-giant/

GENERAL

Oct 13, 2021



When 21-year-old professional cyclist Biniam Ghirmay beat world athletes in the under-23 men’s road race in Belgium to become the first black African to win a medal in the world championship, Eritreans were flooded with pride. The pride has been extensively written and talked about in the media, on the streets, and in tearooms. Throughout history, sport and national identity have been inseparably linked. A national team or an individual athlete in international arenas, represents an entire nation and gives pride to members of their nation.

On Saturday, 9 October, President Issaias Afwerki received the victorious national cycling team in Adi Halo and on behalf of the Government donated 15 million Nakfa for the development of the sport. At the welcoming ceremony, President Issaias congratulated the team and described their victory as:
a pride to the people and nation.
The colorful welcoming celebration, was a clear sign of excitement and pride felt by Eritreans. Upon arrival at Asmara International Airport, the national team was accorded a warm welcome by sports officials and athletes and it was greeted and applauded by thousands of people lining the main streets of Asmara; as the national team’s motorcade passed by.



Eritrea, a young developing country, has been making major strides in cycling. It has produced world-class athletes who have won world championships and wore King of the Mountain jersey, in the Tour de France. It has been able to showcase its potential in sport. The recent outstanding victory, has received the attention of commentators and news outlets. In his article titled ‘Biniam Girmay: World’s silver is for Eritrea and for Africa,’ Patrick Fletcher wrote
Biniam Girmay hailed a landmark moment for Eritrea and all of Africa, after winning the silver medal in the U23 men’s road race at the UCI Road World Championships.
Biniam Ghirmay is the first black African to stand on a podium, at the cycling world championships. In another article titled ‘Biniam Girmay: A black African rider will win a Grand Tour stage soon,’ Alessandro Poggi wrote
The 21-year-old sprinted to silver in the under-23 men’s road race at the world’s championship in Belgium, to become the first black African to win a medal in the competition and cement Eritrea’s reputation as Africa’s leading cycling nation.
Alessandro Poggi’s opinion, that Eritrea is maintaining its reputation as Africa’s leading cycling nation is a good observation. Through the victory in the world championship, Eritrea has also been able to showcase its overall national stature. Tesfaldet Mebrahtu, a sports journalist of Hadas Ertra, also wrote an illuminating article titled ‘Biniam will return to Asmara on Saturday with his silver medal’ in the Tigrinya newspaper. He wrote
only nine countries, including Eritrea, have received the Gold and Silver medals. Generally, there have been 33 medals (gold, silver, and copper) that have been won by 14 countries: Eritrea from Africa, the USA from North America, Australia from Oceania and eleven countries from Europe.
Many Eritreans living in Europe traveled to Belgium, to give their support to the Eritrean Cycling team. Biniam acknowledged the contribution of the Eritrean fans by saying,
Listening to the encouraging voices of Eritreans and seeing them waving our national flag is a big deal.


Sport has been described as a valuable means and an alternative medium, to showcase a country’s national identity. In this sense, the national team of Eritrea symbolizes the whole country and through their excellence, the athletes demonstrate the nation’s pride. The national team, in general, and Biniam, in particular, have made history for Eritreans and Africans as a whole. In the post-race press conference, Biniam said,
This means a lot for me, for my nation and for Africa…I am really happy. I am really proud of my nation, so I say congrats to all Eritreans and also to all Africans.
Sport is at par, with public diplomacy. Public diplomacy seeks to promote the national interest of a country, by informing and influencing foreign audiences. In Eritrea, where public diplomacy has an equal weight with formal or traditional diplomacy, many activities that seek to advance the interests of Eritrea are undertaken by individual Eritreans and organizations. Sport can serve as a means of correcting misconceptions and creating positive perceptions about Eritrea. In this sense, sport is a public good and its development is crucial for the development of the country.

Through sports, Eritrea will have an opportunity to win in the battle for hearts and minds. For this reason, the Government has been taking various initiatives to develop and manage sports better at the national level. Currently, sport is administered under the auspices of the Commission of Culture and Sport. Acknowledging the huge potential of sports to contribute toward peace, diplomacy, and development, Eritrea is participating in various regional, continental and international contests.



Today, there exists a strong acceptance of sports as an important enabler of sustainable development. For example, Sport for Development and Peace (SDP) has emerged as an important sector of international development. This initiative with strong interest and a commitment to continue using sport as a unique tool to support the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is gaining the attention of planners and decision-makers. Many countries have recognized sports’ growing contribution to the development and tend to integrate sports in the framework of achieving SDGs. They recognize the growing contribution of sport for the realization of development and peace, promotion of tolerance and respect, and the empowerment of young people. In Eritrea, sports can serve as a new engine in advancing various dimensions of development.

Cycling is a popular means of transportation in Eritrea and contributes to sustainable livelihoods, a better environment, improved health, and overall improvement in the quality of life of Eritreans. Cycling is popular and the pathways to the professional ranks are widening from time to time. In Eritrea, cycling is a game, sports activity, and culture. The American cycling coach, Jock Boyer, has once said
Eritrea is the only African country, that has such deep roots in cycling. It’s a deep-seated culture. Every young kid in the country has tried cycling, to see if they can make it onto a team. They’re highly motivated and dedicated.
Eritrea proved itself, as a cycling giant nation. Eritrean riders have reached a peak, to become champions at international grand tours.

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