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MINILIK SALSAWI
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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 04:45

Surveillance will not save us from COVID-19

The use of tech-based surveillance to fight the virus can exacerbate the suffering of the most vulnerable communities.

by Dhakshayini Sooriyakumaran


As COVID-19 continues to devastate the world, a growing number of countries are opting to use invasive surveillance methods to stem the spread of the virus and "flatten the curve".

Since the emergence of the novel coronavirus, several countries, led by Israel, China, Singapore and South Korea, started collecting security camera footage and bank records and using facial recognition technologies and mobile phone data to track the movements of their citizens. Australia recently joined this trend by releasing Covidsafe, a "coronavirus tracking app". The UK is also known to be trialling a similar mobile phone app to increase its contact-tracing abilities and get its population back to work.

In countries where the majority of the population is not used to being subjected to overt mass surveillance, the discussions surrounding the implementation of these measures has focused on "privacy".

But there is reason to be concerned about this new wave of surveillance beyond privacy. Unless we acknowledge the role surveillance plays in perpetuating structures of oppression, the use of tech-based surveillance methods to tackle the virus will serve to exacerbate the suffering of the most vulnerable communities.

We can see what surveillance is really for, and who usually pays the price for it, simply by looking into its history.
Surveillance as a colonial strategy

Surveillance emerged as a colonial strategy. It was essential for the classification of people and the control of the newly acquired territories.

From the 14th to the 19th century, European colonisers amassed vast quantities of data on the populations they colonised. The most basic tools of surveillance, such as fingerprinting, census taking, map-making and profiling, were refined and implemented in colonial settings by the Dutch in Southeast Asia, the French in Africa, and the British in India and North America.

The British, for example, collected data on caste, religion, profession and age among other classifying characteristics across colonial India. This information was used to solidify inequities of the caste system, and increase religious tensions; essentially to divide and rule.
Surveillance as a tool of scientific racism

In the 19th century, surveillance tools developed in the colonies were used by European governments to classify populations according to innate biological traits, and construct racial hierarchies, both in the colonies and at home. During this time, surveillance aided the implementation of discriminatory policies based on what we now call "scientific racism" and contributed to the development of pseudo-scientific justifications for white supremacy.

In Australia, for example, white colonisers used "scientific" theories based on surveillance data to justify massacres of First Nations people, land theft, removal of children from families, and erasure of language and culture. Over time, they established a racialised hierarchy of citizenship, and started granting citizenship rights and associated benefits based upon whiteness. They eventually banned all non-white migrants from entering the country. The "White Australia policy", which enshrined this racial hierarchy of citizenship in law, only officially ended in 1973.
Surveillance today

Today, surveillance is still being used as a tool to classify people into various zones. Thanks to the "architectures of oppression" that surveillance help built, some people remain safely in "zones of access, inclusion and privilege" while others remain stuck in "zones of invisibility, exclusion and death". Rapidly developing surveillance methods are helping governments keep "undesirable" migrants and refugees outside of their countries' borders, and internal "undesirables" - members of minority communities and the poor among others - inside prisons, detention centres and racialised ghettos.

The continuing coronavirus pandemic has only accentuated this problem.

A disproportionate number of people of colour have died from COVID-19 in the US and Britain. Millions of people stuck in prisons, detention centres and refugee camps across the world have been left to fend for themselves, despite expert warnings that the spread of the virus could be deadly in these contexts.

In many countries, security forces focused their efforts to enforce coronavirus-related restrictions on underprivileged communities. In Australia, Indigenous peoples and migrants are being disproportionately targetted for public health order compliance fines. In the US, there are widespread reports that police officers are using coronavirus stay-at-home orders and policies making masks mandatory to harass and abuse Black Americans.
The new surveillance state and the reordering of society

The rolling out of mass tech-enabled surveillance will help governments expand the existing systems of surveillance and discrimination, which have long been reserved solely for marginalised groups, to their entire populations. Israel, for example, is now using the surveillance tools it developed to monitor Palestinians in the occupied territories to track the movements of the country's entire population.

If the tech-enabled surveillance wave triggered by the coronavirus pandemic continues unchallenged, the governments could not only use these new surveillance opportunities to increase the isolation and oppression of already marginalised communities, they could also create new groups of "undesirables" and restrict their access to most basic rights and services.

China's Alipay Health Code is one example of how biometric data collection could be used to determine who gets to work, travel and exist freely in a society. It assigns people a colour code - green, yellow or red - that indicates their health status. Banners remind everyone of the rules: "Green code, travel freely. Red or yellow, report immediately."

Chile, too, has announced plans to give "immunity passports" to recovered COVID-19 patients, allowing them to go back to work. Germany and the UK are also known to have considered a similar approach.

Implementation of such policies could eventually create a hierarchy of citizenship based on health and ability. It could increase the disadvantages of already marginalised communities, who have an increased prevalence for health problems due to their widespread lack of access to healthcare, sanitation and adequate nutrition. Moreover, these policies could be used to legitimise violence towards the sick, immunocompromised and elderly, as well as people with disabilities.

We need to ensure that this unprecedented public health emergency is not used to legitimise violence towards the most vulnerable members of our communities. As countries decide whether or not to lift restrictions and reopen economies, we need to challenge the use of methods that could pave the way for the rise of eugenic ideologies that determine a person's worth based on their ability to work and contribute to the economy.

The views expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera's editorial stance.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Dhakshayini Sooriyakumaran

Dhakshayini Sooriyakumaran is the Director of Human Rights at the Australasian Centre for Corporate Responsibility

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opini ... 28251.html

MINILIK SALSAWI
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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 04:48

  • More than five million people around the world have now been confirmed to have the new coronavirus, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University. More than 328,000 people have died globally while some 1.9 million people have recovered.
  • Brazil could soon have the second-highest number of cases in the world as the Health Ministry reported 888 new deaths and nearly 20,000 new infections in a single day, pushing the total cases to 291,579 and almost 19,000 deaths.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) reported 106,000 cases globally, the highest in a single day yet, raising concerns over the spread of COVID-19 in poor nations.
  • The central Chinese city of Wuhan, where the global coronavirus pandemic is believed to have originated, has issued a total ban on the hunting, breeding and human consumption of wild animals.

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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 04:56

Russia's official death toll surpasses 3,000

Russia's official coronavirus death toll has risen to 3,099 after officials said 127 people had died in the last 24 hours.

Russia's authorities reported 8,849 new cases of the coronavirus, raising the total number of cases to 317,554.

Singapore confirms 448 more cases

Singapore's health ministry has confirmed another 448 coronavirus cases, taking the city-state's tally of infections to 29,812.

UK healthcare workers begin hydroxychloroquine trial

UK healthcare workers will begin taking part in a University of Oxford-led international trial of two anti-malarial drugs to see if they can prevent COVID-19, including one US President Donald Trump says he has been taking.

The 'COPCOV' study will involve more than 40,000 frontline healthcare workers from Europe, Africa, Asia and South America to determine if chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are effective in preventing the coronavirus.

The drugs have risen to prominence after Trump said earlier this week he was taking hydroxychloroquine as a preventive medicine against the virus despite medical warnings about its use.

Philippines reports four more deaths, 213 infections

The Philippines' health ministry has confirmed four more coronavirus deaths and 213 new cases.

In a bulletin, the ministry said total deaths because of the pandemic had increased to 846, while infections had risen to 13,434. But 68 more patients have recovered, bringing the total number of recoveries to 3,000.

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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 05:37

Over 95,000 confirmed COVID19 cases on the African continent - with more than 34,000 recoveries & 2,995 deaths. View country figures & more with the WHO African Region COVID-19 Dashboard: https://arcg.is/XvuSX




MINILIK SALSAWI
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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 07:35

In Last 15 days,
20 Countries are added to green zone,
6 Countries are added to Red zone,
3 Countries are added to Yellow zone.






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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 07:46

Is coronavirus really in decline in Tanzania?

Coronavirus: Is Tanzania's president right to say cases are falling?
President Magufuli has been criticised for his response to the virus, but are cases falling as he claims?


https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-52723594

A church service in Tanzania - with no social distancing


MINILIK SALSAWI
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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 07:59

Zambia recorded 34 new cases out of 418 tests. 105 recoveries were also recorded.



Namibia - 2 new cases of #covid19na after 46 days without any new cases.

Total:
- Confirmed cases: 18
- No death
- Recoveries: 14



Tunisia Only 1 new case covid19 in Kebili Governorate, still active, 7 new healings and 1 new death.

Total:
- 1044 cases
- 47 deaths
- 826 healings

The country is an African example of controlling the pandemic.



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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 09:12

The United States has lead the global effort to combat COVID-19, allocating more than $10 billion to benefit the international response – everything from vaccine research funding to preparedness efforts to humanitarian aid. - Secretary Pompeo


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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 09:16

UAE develops a Rapid Coronavirus laser testing technology
Laser beam technology identifies the virus as soon as blood cells are infected
Camera detects morphological change in blood cells
Tests and instant results can be provided in public places




QuantLase Imaging Lab, the medical-research arm of the Abu Dhabi Stock Exchange-listed International Holdings Company (IHC), announced that it has developed novel equipment which enables for much faster mass screenings, with test results available in seconds and allowing testing on a wider scale. This break-through will enable ‘Mass-scale screening’, changing the whole dimension of tracing.

AbdulRahman bin Mohammed Al Owais, Minister of Health and Prevention, expressed hope over the discovery saying: “We are always following innovations related to the early and rapid detection of Covid–19. The government is keen on supporting initiatives that help the healthcare system in the UAE. Health officials have been closely monitoring the progress of trials with QuantLase in order to test this equipment. We are proud to see a technology that works and that will help to protect our people better.”

“The equipment, which uses a CMOS detector, will enable mass-scale screening with results made available in seconds,” said Dr Pramod Kumar, who leads the team of researchers at the lab which has been studying the change in cell structure of the virus-infected blood.

“In fact, our laser-based DPI [Diffractive Phase Interferometry] technique, based on optical-phase modulation, is able to give a signature of infection within a few seconds. What’s more, it is user-friendly, non-invasive and low-cost. We believe it will be a game-changer in tackling the spread of the coronavirus.”

Explaining the critical role of artificial intelligence (AI) in the diagnostic system, Dr Kumar said that an advanced AI image-analysis model predicts the outcome of each image with precision, speed and scale. This is especially critical in large-scale testing programs, where a massive number of images needs to be analysed with accuracy and efficiency. The lab is using G42, a leading AI and Cloud Computing company, to further enhance the laser program.

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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 09:19

Early Lockdown could save at Least 36,000 Lives in New York, Data show.

Even small differences in timing would have prevented the worst exponential growth, which by April had subsumed New York City, New Orleans and other major cities, researchers found.

Read more : https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/20/us/c ... eaths.html


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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 09:40

Kenya

New cases: 80 of 3,102 samples
Total Cases: 1,109
Resolved Cases(RC): 425 (38.32% Total cases)
Recoveries: 375 (88.24%RC)
Deaths: 50 (11.76%RC)
Recovery Rate: 33.81%
Death Rate: 4.51%
Active Cases: 684 (61.68%)
Total Tests: 52,507
Prevalence Rate: 2.11%


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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 10:05

All countries5,123,414 infections
1
United States of America 1,595,081 infections
2
Russia 317,554 infections
3
Brazil 294,152 infections
4
Spain 279,524 infections
5
United Kingdom 250,908 infections
6
Italy 227,364 infections
7
France 181,575 infections
8
Germany 178,568 infections
9
Turkey 152,587 infections
10
Iran 129,341 infections
11
India 113,461 infections
12
Peru 104,020 infections
13
China 82,967 infections
14
Canada 80,142 infections
15
Saudi Arabia 65,077 infections
16
Mexico 56,594 infections
17
Belgium 56,235 infections
18
Chile 53,617 infections
19
Pakistan 48,091 infections
20
Netherlands 44,700 infections
21
Qatar 38,651 infections
22
Ecuador 34,854 infections
23
Belarus 33,371 infections
24
Sweden 32,172 infections
25
Switzerland 30,694 infections
26
Portugal 29,912 infections
27
Singapore 29,812 infections
28
Bangladesh 28,511 infections
29
United Arab Emirates 26,004 infections
30
Ireland 24,315 infections
31
Indonesia 20,162 infections
32
Poland 19,983 infections
33
Ukraine 19,706 infections
34
South Africa 19,137 infections
35
Kuwait 18,609 infections
36
Colombia 17,687 infections
37
Romania 17,585 infections
38
Israel 16,670 infections
39
Austria 16,404 infections
40
Japan 16,385 infections
41
Egypt 14,229 infections
42
Dominican Republic 13,477 infections
43
Philippines 13,434 infections
44
Denmark 11,182 infections
45
South Korea 11,122 infections
46
Serbia 10,919 infections
47
Panama 9,977 infections
48
Argentina 9,283 infections
49
Czechia 8,721 infections
50
Afghanistan 8,676 infections
51
Norway 8,281 infections
52
Bahrain 8,039 infections
53
Algeria 7,542 infections
54
Kazakhstan 7,234 infections
55
Morocco 7,185 infections
56
Australia 7,081 infections
57
Malaysia 7,059 infections
58
Nigeria 6,677 infections
59
Moldova 6,553 infections
60
Finland 6,493 infections
61
Oman 6,370 infections
62
Ghana 6,269 infections
63
Armenia 5,606 infections
64
Bolivia 4,919 infections
65
Luxembourg 3,971 infections
66
Azerbaijan 3,749 infections
67
Cameroon 3,733 infections
68
Iraq 3,724 infections
69
Hungary 3,641 infections
70
Sudan 3 ,138 infections
71
Honduras 3,100 infections
72
Thailand 3,037 infections
73
Uzbekistan 2,950 infections
74
Guinea 2,863 infections
75
Greece 2,850 infections
76
Senegal 2,812 infections
77
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,350 infections
78
Bulgaria 2,331 infections
79
Guatemala 2,265 infections
80
Croatia 2,237 infections
81
Ivory Coast 2,231 infections
82
Tajikistan 2,140 infections
83
Cuba 1,900 infections
84
North Macedonia 1,898 infections
85
Democratic Republic of Congo 1,835 infections
86
Djibouti 1,828 infections
87
Iceland 1,803 infections
88
Estonia 1,800 infections
89
El Salvador 1,640 infections
90
Lithuania 1,593 infections
91
Somalia 1,573 infections
92
Gabon 1,567 infections
93
New Zealand 1,503 infections
94
Slovakia 1,502 infections
95
Mayotte 1,475 infections
96
Slovenia 1,468 infections
97
Kyrgyzstan 1,313 infections
98
Maldives 1,216 infections
99
Guinea-Bissau 1,089 infections
100
Hong Kong 1,064 infections
101
Sri Lanka 1,045 infections
102
Tunisia 1,045 infections
103
Kenya 1,029 infections
104
Latvia 1,025 infections
105
Lebanon 1,024 infections
106
Albania 969 infections
107
Mali 931 infections
108
Cyprus 922 infections
109
Niger 920 infections
110
Costa Rica 897 infections
111
Equatorial Guinea 890 infections
112
Paraguay 833 infections
113
Zambia 832 infections
114
Venezuela 824 infections
115
Burkina Faso 812 infections
116
Andorra 762 infections
117
Uruguay 746 infections
118
Georgia 721 infections
119
Diamond Princess cruise ship 712 infections
120
Jordan 672 infections
121
Haiti 663 infections
122
San Marino 658 infections
123
Malta 599 infections
124
Sierra Leone 570 infections
125
Chad 565 infections
126
Channel Islands 558 infections
127
Jamaica 529 infections
128
Tanzania 509 infections
129
South Sudan 481 infections
130
Nepal 453 infections
131
Réunion 447 infections
132
Taiwan 441 infections
133
Congo 420 infections
134
Central African Republic 418 infections
135
Madagascar 405 infections
136
Ethiopia 398 infections
137
Palestine 398 infections
138
Cabo Verde 349 infections
139
Togo 340 infections
140
Isle of Man 336 infections
141
Mauritius 332 infections
142
Montenegro 324 infections
143
Vietnam324 infections
144
Rwanda314 infections
145
Nicaragua 254 infections
146
Sao Tome and Principe 251 infections
147
Liberia 240 infections
148
French Guiana 237 infections
149
Eswatini 217 infections
150
Myanma r199 infections
151
Martinique 192 infections
152
Faeroe Islands 187 infections
153
Yemen 184 infections
154
Mozambique 156 infections
155
Guadeloupe 155 infections
156
Gibraltar 149 infections
157
Uganda 145 infections
158
Brunei 141 infections
159
Mauritania 141 infections
160
Mongolia 140 infections
161
Benin 130 infections
162
Bermuda 125 infections
163
Guyana 125 infections
164
Cambodia 122 infections
165
Trinidad and Tobago 116 infections
166
Cayman Islands 111 infections
167
Aruba 101 infections
168
Bahamas 97 infections
169
Monaco 97 infections
170
Barbados 90 infections
171
Liechtenstein 82 infections
172
Sint Maarten 77 infections
173
Malawi 71 infections
174
Libya 69 infections
175
French Polynesia 60 infections
176
Angola 58 infections
177
Syria 58 infections
178
Zimbabwe 48 infections
179
Macao 45 infections
180
Burundi 42 infections
181
Saint Martin 40 infections
182
Eritrea 39 infections
183
Comoros 34 infections
184
Botswana 29 infections
185
Antigua and Barbuda 25 infections
186
Gambia 24 infections
187
Timor-Leste 24 infections
188
Grenada 22 infections
189
Bhutan 21 infections
190
Laos 19 infections
191
Belize 18 infections
192
Fiji 18 infections
193
Namibia 18 infections
194
New Caledonia 18 infections
195
Saint Lucia 18 infections
196
Saint Vincent en de Grenadines 18 infections
197
Curaçao 16 infections
198
Dominica 16 infections
199
Saint Kitts and Nevis 15 infections
200
Falkland Islands 13 infections
201
Turks and Caicos 12 infections
202
Vatican City 12 infections
203
Greenland 11 infections
204
Montserrat 11 infections
205
Seychelles 11 infections
206
Suriname 11 infections
207
Zaandam cruise ship 9 infections
208
British Virgin Islands 8 infections
209
Papua New Guinea 8 infections
210
Caribbean Netherlands 6 infections
211
Saint Barthélemy 6 infections
212
Western Sahara 6 infections
213
Anguilla 3 infections
214
Lesotho 1 infection
215
Saint Pierre Miquelon 1 infection

MINILIK SALSAWI
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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 10:29

በወቅታዊ የኮሮና ቫይረስ ሁኔታ በተለይም በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ እየታየ ያለውን መስፋፋት ተከትሎ እየተወሰዱ ስላሉ እርምጃዎች የጤና ሚኒስትሯ ከተጠሪ ተቋማት የሥራ ኃላፊዎች ጋር በመሆን የሰጡት መግለጫ

WATCH : https://mereja.com/video2/watch.php?vid=49711a63a

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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 10:36

Africa CDC Weekly Briefing on COVID-19 for 21 May 2020

Click Watch this video on YouTube.


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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 10:48

Djibouti records 219 new COVID19 cases and one more Death in the last 24 Hrs ,bringing the country's total confirmed cases to 2047. The new cases were reported out of 1100 laboratory tests. Djibouti has conducted a total of 21,156 tests so far with 10 deaths & 1055 recoveries.


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Re: Coronavirus International updates

Post by MINILIK SALSAWI » 21 May 2020, 10:57

COVID-19 'Is an African Governance Crisis'

Analysis - In the wake of Covid-19, a governance crisis is emerging which could impact on the way that Africa is able to respond to the pandemic.

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article ... ce-crisis/


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