Ethiopian News, Current Affairs and Opinion Forum
pastlast
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Posts: 1199
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Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by pastlast » 20 Oct 2019, 20:35

Why are you screaming Hasawi/Tersarawi/Meselo? No need for that, I can read your fonts at regular amount! Anyways, you didn't say anything credible enough to respond to. Try again!
Hazega/Tsazega. wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 20:29
pastlast wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:13
Rwanda is Doing Far Better than so-called "Stable PFDJ-stalled Eritrea". The facts and stats don't lie. Rwanda faced far more external enemies than Eritrea and still facing them.

Who are PIA's so-called "powerful enemies" that have stalled everything in the Country in 2019? Since 2018, nothing has changed in Eritrea for the Betterment of Eritrean people.

pastlast wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 19:53
Hasawi/Tersarawi,
I recommend you examine the Problems of Eritrea first before you start Asking about Rwanda which is Clearly doing Better than Eritrea with a Very Similar if NOT Worst Background (Historically speaking):



Dic'riddin fes'sam pastlast,

You and Awash, self proclaimed experts on Rwanda, brought up a comparison of Eritrea. I am just simply asking for details of your comparisons and to see that the starting points & roads were equal of the 2 nations.

So i ask you again:

What are the external enemies of Rwanda you speak of? Was Rwanda under sanctions in 2000's for nearly a decade?, if so, how long & did scope of sanctions indirectly target their economy? Were Rwanda people targeted for human trafficking by UN & criminal networks? Was one of their neighbors in a lengthy war with it for decades while international community stood on the sidelines?...and only stepped in when it appeared they were getting the upper hand?


Also you stole my similar font/color scheme...copycat...and you want to call others dic'riders??
GTFOH gohaf...get the f' outta here gohaf!! 😁


Hazega/Tsazega. wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 19:05


First everyone is happy for our non-hasadat (non-woyanu) africans in any corner of africa.

I see that Awash/pastlast have become overnight experts on Rwanda. Based on observations on Mereja forum, I only know them to be experts on dic'riddin. Yesterday they were pumping their chest because of woyanu, then they jumped to the financiers/handlers of woyanu, then to the UN & neo-colonial human rights groups, then to Nambia, and now to Rwanda. They are displaying the classic woyanu everything is for sale culture to any potential customer...even ATM is thrown in for free in the deal.

Now you 2 woyanu Rwanda experts can link all sorts of good development articles written by interest/investment groups...even i have myself 😁...but can you give us the nitty gritty?? Investors are looking at Rwanda and that is good but what is Rwanda offering them? What are the Rwandan people/govt getting in comparison to the investor nations?

Low tax incentives (tax havens)? Cheap raw products? Cheap workforce? Stable internal politics? A better public education system? A better healthcare system? What does the average Rwandan benefit in comparison to the investors? Manufacturing produces a lot of waste, are these companies being held to the same strict environmental laws of their country of origin?

What are the external enemies of Rwanda you speak of? Was Rwanda under sanctions in 2000's for nearly a decade?, if so, how long & did scope of sanctions indirectly target their economy? Were Rwanda people targeted for human trafficking by UN & criminal networks? Was one of their neighbors in a lengthy war with its neighbors for decades while international community stood on the sidelines?...and only stepped in when it appeared they were getting the upper hand?

Most importantly, Rwanda is also a gateway to the resource rich Democratic Republic of the Congo...a nation/people that western capitalists have always eyed to exploit further back than the murderous King Leopold II of Belgium. Are the products that would be manufactured in Rwanda being sourced from raw products of Rwanda or raw products of neighboring DRC ?? Would Rwanda be involved in the politics of DRC, ie propping up one faction against another??

Last but not least, are any woyanu billionaires sneaking/washing their stolen money thru investments in Rwanda?? 🤔

Anyways, i hope the Mereja experts on Rwanda (Awash & pastlast) can answer my genuine questions...instead of continuing to display their dic'riddin abilities.

(I am sorry this was quickest video i could find that the google/filtered brings up...i am sure there are far better ones out there)


https://youtu.be/qx2Sj1fhSso

Zmeselo
Senior Member
Posts: 16839
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Zmeselo » 20 Oct 2019, 20:42

Brother Hazega/Tsazega,

ሓደ ልቢ- ሓደ ህዝቢ ምዃንና: ከይተፈለጣ ትምስክር አላ: እዛ ናይ ገብረ ሰዶም [ deleted ]-ተወጋሪት!!!
:lol:

Hazega/Tsazega.
Member
Posts: 756
Joined: 12 Jun 2007, 20:55

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Hazega/Tsazega. » 20 Oct 2019, 20:57

Zmeselo wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 20:42
Brother Hazega/Tsazega,

ሓደ ልቢ- ሓደ ህዝቢ ምዃንና: ከይተፈለጣ ትምስክር አላ: እዛ ናይ ገብረ ሰዶም [ deleted ]-ተወጋሪት!!!
:lol:
Bro Z,
I can't read the language...i am illiterate in the language like woyanu... i am so ashamed 😥😭

I will get a translator tomorrow 😁

Hazega/Tsazega.
Member
Posts: 756
Joined: 12 Jun 2007, 20:55

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Hazega/Tsazega. » 20 Oct 2019, 21:00

pastlast wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 20:35
Why are you screaming Hasawi/Tersarawi/Meselo? No need for that, I can read your fonts at regular amount! Anyways, you didn't say anything credible enough to respond to. Try again!



Right...and everything you said was credible?? 😁

I was asking you for detailed answers/basis for your comparisons of the 2 nations...

Just like present you are a fes'sam...when you are cornered you run...present & past, same woyanu characteristics.

One day dat ace will be kicked by karma or another person due to all your cyber world threats, fes'sam digital woyanu 😁



Last edited by Hazega/Tsazega. on 20 Oct 2019, 21:32, edited 1 time in total.

Zmeselo
Senior Member
Posts: 16839
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Zmeselo » 20 Oct 2019, 21:02

Yeah bro. :lol:

That was witty & cool.
Hazega/Tsazega. wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 20:57
Zmeselo wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 20:42
Brother Hazega/Tsazega,

ሓደ ልቢ- ሓደ ህዝቢ ምዃንና: ከይተፈለጣ ትምስክር አላ: እዛ ናይ ገብረ ሰዶም [ deleted ]-ተወጋሪት!!!
:lol:
Bro Z,
I can't read the language...i am illiterate in the language like woyanu... i am so ashamed 😥😭

I will get a translator tomorrow 😁

ጉሬዛ
Member
Posts: 176
Joined: 15 Jul 2015, 23:56

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by ጉሬዛ » 20 Oct 2019, 21:08

ቆለጥ አይን ትግራይ have no shame talking about Rwanda,while their Agameass is burnnig :P :P

































Hazega/Tsazega.
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Posts: 756
Joined: 12 Jun 2007, 20:55

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Hazega/Tsazega. » 20 Oct 2019, 21:22



Bro Zmeselo,

I just read your post on Eritrea in 1997...wow, you are a master source for interesting news stories from all over & from different times/ages.

There was one you posted about the foreigners/englishman writing articles in eritrean newspapers in 40s/50s & pretending to be eritrean to agitate/divide eritreans along religion/regional...its interesting that woyanu are copying the same methods of that era including creating/fabricating divisions while pretending to be eritrean. I had heard of that story long ago but for you to find it was something else. You have proven they suffer from "Lie-abetes" 😁 , time & again.

We can't say Thank you enough for all your efforts...but Thank You!!


pastlast
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Joined: 19 May 2019, 18:02

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by pastlast » 20 Oct 2019, 21:52

No running Hasawi/Tersarawi, Your use of these antics just are pointless to respond to. i had to remove the image you threw in there. Whats the point? All of this tangential nonsense that you PFDJers throw in your responses don't add to the discussion. No rational person believes your tactics. There are names for your false-forms of argumentations of which i won't go into! No Point. Either way Rwanda is better Run and Doing Better than Eritrea because of a Leadership that is Rational versus ERitrea's PIA/PFDJ which is reactionary/isolationist for Self-preservation of PIA. All decisions made for Eritrea are meant to keep PIA and his Family safe! and the Eritrean people are insignificant pawns in this game! All of you PFDJ cadres here are nothing but Cogs of Keeping PIA Safe from Eritreans!
Hazega/Tsazega. wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 21:00
pastlast wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 20:35
Why are you screaming Hasawi/Tersarawi/Meselo? No need for that, I can read your fonts at regular amount! Anyways, you didn't say anything credible enough to respond to. Try again!



Right...and everything you said was credible?? 😁

I was asking you for detailed answers/basis for your comparisons of the 2 nations...

Just like present you are a fes'sam...when you are cornered you run...present & past, same woyanu characteristics.

One day dat ace will be kicked by karma or another person due to all your cyber world threats, fes'sam digital woyanu 😁



Zmeselo
Senior Member
Posts: 16839
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Zmeselo » 20 Oct 2019, 22:23

My pleasure, brother Hazega. Anytime!

His name was Stephen H. Longrigg. He was the British administrator of Eritrea, actually. He was the 1st one to devise, the tgray- tgrigni thing.
Last edited by Zmeselo on 20 Oct 2019, 22:29, edited 1 time in total.

Hazega/Tsazega.
Member
Posts: 756
Joined: 12 Jun 2007, 20:55

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Hazega/Tsazega. » 20 Oct 2019, 22:28

pastlast wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 21:52
No running Hasawi/Tersarawi, Your use of these antics just are pointless to respond to. i had to remove the image you threw in there. Whats the point? All of this tangential nonsense that you PFDJers throw in your responses don't add to the discussion. No rational person believes your tactics. There are names for your false-forms of argumentations of which i won't go into! No Point. Either way Rwanda is better Run and Doing Better than Eritrea because of a Leadership that is Rational versus ERitrea's PIA/PFDJ which is reactionary/isolationist for Self-preservation of PIA. All decisions made for Eritrea are meant to keep PIA and his Family safe! and the Eritrean people are insignificant pawns in this game! All of you PFDJ cadres here are nothing but Cogs of Keeping PIA Safe from Eritreans!


Wow...another 180 from a woyanu agent,

Search all your posts under username pastlast/woyaneRemoval/pfdj_soldier and others and in 90% of those posts you employed nonsensical antics & interjections to disrupt the thought/news/thread. Now that you get a taste of your own garbage you want to pretend to take the higher road...

What's even more interesting is that Isayas is more on your mind then others...every posting you & Awash try to relate to Isayas. Well judging by your own time spent focusing on him, then he must be amazing to be able to torment you & other digital woyanu, as well as the woyanu in Mekalle/Axum hotels (& their previous financiers, international reporters, fake human rights groups, etc)

It is said that 5 out 5 woyane agams suffer from Lie-abetes...you should focus on a cure for that...its more tangible than your focus & ill wishes for Isayas or eritrea(ns) in general!!

There is a difference between being dignified/reasonable and acting to be....you are acting like Seyum Mesfin


Zmeselo
Senior Member
Posts: 16839
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Zmeselo » 20 Oct 2019, 22:53

Eritrea’s Resilience: A corollary of unremitting external hostility.

Dr. Tesfay Aradom

July, 2019
I conclude that Eritreans will meet these challenges with the same determination and resourcefulness that characterized their long struggle for international recognition as a sovereign nation.
(Pateman, 1998)

Having overcome countless obstacles and foiled relentless regional and international conspiracies for the last eight decades, the Eritrean people and government have situated themselves in a favorable diplomatic, political, financial and military position. Thus, the government and people of Eritrea are well poised to consolidate their hard-won and pursue their national reconstruction and social justice programs with more vigor and resolve. It is, therefore, incumbent upon every Eritrean to hone his or her historical insight into the unique political, social and psychological experiences that produced a distinctively strong nation and state.

If one were to objectively analyze the history of every UN member state, one would find that a few would be characterized by their long history of racism, persecution of their minority populations, oppression of peoples in far-away lands and unfettered exploitation of their human and natural resources, and even acts of genocide against indigenous populations to advance and protect their geopolitical and economic interests. By contrast, the Eritrean people have, for the last eight decades, been a victim of appalling injustice and persistent political, diplomatic and economic conspiracies at the hands of superpowers of various stripes and their regional allies. Hence, the characteristics that best describe Eritreans, as a result of the aforementioned experiences, are resilience, tenacity, self-reliance and unflinching commitment to high moral standards notwithstanding the overwhelming odds stacked against them.

Italy’s racist policy and actions in Eritrea have been well documents. For instance, in the late Nineteenth-century rabid Italian officials and officers went on a campaign to hunt, detain, torture and kill innocent Eritreans in Massawa based on fabricated charges of political subversion (Bruner, 2017). As the British retained much of the Italian colonial system and personnel, a willful collusion with the racist Italian officials in the commitment of additional unprovoked atrocities against innocent Eritrean civilians was common practice (Almedom, 2006). From the outset, it was became clear that the intention of the British was not to liberate nor advocate for the self-determination of Eritrea. Upon their victory against the Italians in Keren in March of 1941, the British officials displayed at best a condescending and at worst a visibly racist behavior toward Eritrean civilians who, true to their tradition, greeted them with immense deference and kindness. The betrayal of trust that the British displayed towards the Eritrean people is demonstrated by the content of the leaflets they disseminated to the Eritrean population (Pateman, 1998)
Eritreans! You deserve to have a flag! …. This is the honorable life for the Eritrean: to have the guts to call his people a nation
The unprovoked violence against innocent Eritrean civilians continued unabated even during the British Military Administration (BMA) as illustrated in the Aba Shawl incident of May 1941 in which dozens of innocent civilians were terrorized and murdered in a house to house raid (Almedom, 1996). Furthermore, the British seemed bent on destroying Eritrea both as a political and economic entity. For instance, in August of 1944 Stephen H. Longrigg, the Administrator of the BMA, wrote a highly provocative editorial opinion piece entitled “Some thoughts on the future of Eritrea” in the Eritrean Weekly News (EWN) under an assumed authorship of “Hade Eritrawi”, one Eritrean (male), falsely claiming that he was an Eritrean highlander. In the article, he shared his own preference by concluding that:
…. The middle and highland part of Eritrea with its Tigrigna-speaking inhabitants should be united with Ethiopia and receive British aid and support…. The people of the lowlands would probably be happy and grateful to be joined with the people of the Sudan.
(Almedom, 2006)

As was the case in other British colonies, Longrigg’s malicious intent was to sow discord among Eritrean nationals through a “Divide and Rule” or “Divide and Conquer“ strategy. Some actually suspected Ato Woldeab Woldemariam, the editor of the Tigrigna edition of the newspaper, as the author of the infamous and incendiary letter (Almedom, 2006). British determination to destroy Eritrea continued as it methodically undermined its relatively vibrant economy by dismantling its main industries and infrastructure. The political and economic steps taken by the BMA had as their main objective the destruction of this nascent nation and thus “prove” to the international community that it cannot be a viable nation-state. However, such obstacles did not preclude Eritreans from forging a fledgling but discernible sense of national sentiment developed through a persistent struggle against racial discrimination, colonial oppression and political intrigues.

Unable to make headway with its malicious intent, it proceeded to introduce another devious aimed at literally mutilating the country and undermining the Eritrean people’s sustained resilience to forge an Eritrean nation-state. With the full support of the US Administration, the Foreign Ministers of the UK and Italy, Ernest Bevin and Count Carlo Sforza respectively introduced the Bevin-Sforza plan to the UN General Assembly on May 10, 1949. As for Eritrea, the plan proposed the partition of the country between the Sudan and Ethiopia. Although several versions of the plan were voted on, a definitive recommendation on the future status of each former Italian colony could not be arrived at. Finally, when a decision was made to vote on the plan as a complete package, it was rejected by 37 votes against 14 in favor and 7 abstentions. While the real intent was to try to wipe Eritrea off the face of the earth, the preposterous British “rationale” was articulated in the following statement that can be found on page 14 of a memorandum written by the Secretary of State Affairs to the British Cabinet on the 18th of April, 1946 (AGE, 2010)
Eritrea is…. ethnically disunited and economically non-viable, there is no good reason for preserving it as an administrative unit under any form of administration, whether under Individual Trusteeship or restored Italian rule. The right solution would seem to dismember it along natural lines of cleavage.
The British became very incensed in the aftermath of the Bevin-Sforza plan fiasco and proceeded to formulate plans that would make it impossible for the emergence of an Eritrean nation-state. So, on September 6, 1950 in a British Cabinet meeting Chaired by the Prime Minister the following absurd statement was formulated (AGE, 2010)
It had become clear that there was no likelihood of the adoption by the United Nations of the solution which the United Kingdom Government had hitherto advocated…… should the Interim Committee [of the UN] reject the draft resolution [for the federal arrangement], the Government should remain free to return to advocating the former policy of partition
In the meantime, the US administration introduced a Federal Arrangement against the expressed wishes of the Eritrean people in order to benefit , as JF Dulles clearly put it, the strategic interests of the USA. Eventually it became obvious to all Eritreans that the UN proposal was nothing but a ruse to gradually eradicate both the collective national consciousness, and the modicum of statehood necessary for Eritreans to exercise their inalienable right for self-determination. Soon after the UN General Assembly voted to federate Eritrea with Ethiopia in December of 1950, Haile Sellasie’s ravenous desire to gobble up Eritrea had become apparent. He committed several violations of the Federal Acts in a blatant defiance of the international law. To cite just a few examples: lowering of the Eritrea flag, placing strategic administrative structures under firm Ethiopian control and imposing Amharic, an alien language to Eritreans, on the population.

However, as the Eritrean struggle for self-determination intensified and became increasingly popular, the Emperor, most likely in complicity with his American advisor, John Spencer, decided that it was time to abrogate, illegally that is, the Federal Acts. Eritrean resistance was met with a sustained and pervasive campaign of intimidation and violence by Ethiopia. According to (Pateman,1998), the British Foreign Office determined to dismember, kill and erase Eritrea from the map, sent Frank S. Stafford to Eritrea in order to disrupt the pro-independence campaign. On November 13, 1962 a motion to dissolve the federation was defeated four times by The Eritrean Assembly, which had been surrounded by the Ethiopian Second Division under the command of General Abbiye Abebe, took no vote on November 14. Instead, Asfaha Woldemichael, the Emperor’s right hand man in Eritrea, merely read a statement in Amharic prepared for the emperor several weeks in advance by his advisor, John Spencer, requesting the Assembly to dissolve the federation and unite Eritrea with its “motherland” Ethiopia (Pateman, 1998)

Eritreans had put up sustained and stiff resistance against Italian race based discrimination, land expropriation and failed attempts at religious conversion. They foiled British strategy to destroy Eritrea and US machinations to deprive them of their well-deserved right to self-determination. When all peaceful means of resistance were exhausted, they resorted to armed struggle in September 1961 against successive Ethiopian regimes that were and continue to be the beneficiaries of consistent financial, diplomatic and military support by the West (1953-1975) and the Soviet Bloc (1975-1991).

The creation of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front in 1970 had taken the independence movement to a higher level politically, socially and militarily. So, such intrigues did not break the indomitable Eritrean spirit as Eritreans persevered in their struggle for self- determination with stronger conviction and resilience. Furthermore, the EPLF developed and instilled among Eritreans through persistent education what (Doyle, 1996) calls core values. Here is a summary of the core values:

-Adherence to high moral and ethical standards even in victory and setbacks. For instance, despite the fact that Ethiopia committed atrocious crimes on Eritreans, the EPLF treated Ethiopian POWs in a humane manner.

-Use of public meetings both at home and in the Diaspora to critically discuss and reach a consensus on political and social matters

-Instilling perseverance among the entire spectrum of the population as exemplified during the struggle for independence and the equally important task of national re-construction

- Promoting and embracing, both individually and collectively, the concept of self-reliance. This was and continues to be a critical factor both during the war for independence and the post-independence national re-construction endeavor

- De-emphasizing pursuit of individual life goals and objectives in favor of developing a genuine sense of responsibility and concern for the family, community and the nation.

The individual and collective adoption of such values and their daily practice during the protracted and bitter struggle for independence and defense of territorial integrity and sovereignty have contributed to a collective supra-religious and supra-ethno-linguistic national identity (Doyle, 2006; Garcetti, 1999).

That is why the collective Eritrean national consciousness today is cohesive and transcends religious and ethno-linguistic identity. It is worth noting that many developed and developing countries are yet to fully achieve this level of collective national consciousness (Chua, 2018; Garcetti, 1999).

So, it is within the historical-political context highlighted above that the hostilities against Eritrea in the last two decades spanning from 1998 to the signing of the Peace agreement in July 2018 between Eritrea and Ethiopia should be analyzed. Needless to say, for certain Western countries this has clearly been a case of unfinished business. For the present day equivalents of Longrigg, Stafford, Dulles and Spencer like Susan Rice, Jenday Frazer, James Bevan, Chris Mullen to name a few, the existence of a viable Eritrean nation-state has been a hard pill to swallow. So, they have left no stone unturned to wreak havoc within the population and destabilize the government. Without even an iota of verifiable evidence, they have been accusing the Eritrean government of destabilizing the region and, as preposterous as this may seem, committing grave human rights violations against its own people.

If these countries were so concerned about human rights violations and the supremacy of law, why did they remain silent when the Ethiopian regime expelled 70,000 Eritreans women, children and the elderly (as well as Ethiopians of Eritrean descent) after illegally expropriating their hard acquired material and financial assets; when it desecrated a martyr’s cemetery, a symbol of Eritrean resistance, sacrifice and resilience. Furthermore, their inaction and hypocrisy was remarkable when the human rights of the entire Eritrean population were violated because of Ethiopia’s refusal to honor its obligation to the final and binding decision of the Eritrean Ethiopian Border Commission (EEBC). In fact, the British, as in the past, tried to appease and, thereby, embolden the Ethiopian regime to defy the international community. For instance, James Bevan, the British Director for Africa, stated that he would not “shoot Ethiopia on the head” for not accepting the decision of the EEBC. Similarly, Chris Mullen, the British Minister for Africa, coined the phrase “accepting in principle” that was employed by the regime in Ethiopia to hoodwink the international community (AGE, 2010).

The main objective of this article is not to delve deeply into the protracted and complex history of resistance the Eritrean put up against European colonialism and its intrigues to eradicate Eritrea as a nation-state. There is an abundant number of Eritrean and non- Eritrean historians who shouldered that responsibility with eloquence and authenticity. So, its modest objective is to highlight a long and consistent anti-Eritrean political and diplomatic conspiracy by certain countries spanning more than three quarters of a century. The Eritrean people, in characteristic fashion, are not going to ruminate over the past but will focus on the future. Despite persistent external intrigues, the Government of Eritrea has today earned the respect and admiration of the peoples and governments of the region because of its integrity and vast experience in regional and international diplomatic and political affairs.

In the aftermath of Ethiopia’s Prime Minister, Dr Abyi Ahmed, bold and historic declaration that the Government of Ethiopia would unconditionally accept the EEBE’s final and binding decision, a new sense of hope towards a peaceful co-existence through an economic and diplomatic cooperation between the two peoples has prevailed. The new realities have also enhanced the prospects for, and augur well for a meaningful regional cooperation. However, lingering hostility in certain quarters will only constitute a nuisance that cannot derail the tempo and positive regional dynamics set in motion due to the resilience and vision of the principal stakeholders.


References

* Action Group for Eritrea –AGE-(2010). Mutilating Eritrea along its lines of cleavage: An Unfinished Business

* Almedom, A. (2006) Re-reading the Short and Long – Rigged History of Eritrea 1941-1952: Back to the Future ?

* Nordic Journal of African Studies 15(2): 103-142

* Bruner, C.S. (2017). Late Nineteenth- Century Italy in Africa: The Livraghi Affair and the Waning of Civilizing Aspiration. Cambridge Scholars Publishing

* Chua, A. (2018). Political Tribes: Group Instinct and the Fate of Nations. Bloomsbury,

* Garcetti, E. (1999). Civic and Ethnic Allegiances: Competing Visions of Nationalist Discourse in the Horn of Africa.

* Paper presented at the International Studies Association

* Hoyle, P (1996). The Eritrean National Identity: A Case Study. The author is an nternational boundary lawyer

* With Le Boeuf, Lamb, Greene and MacRae in Washington D.C. She served as an Adjunct Professor in Geography

* and Law at the University of Asmara during 1996.

* Pateman, R (1998). Eritrea: Even The Stones Are Burning. The Red Sea Press, Inc

Awash
Senior Member+
Posts: 26705
Joined: 07 Aug 2010, 00:35

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Awash » 21 Oct 2019, 00:24

Awash wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:07
Zombie,
Sorry for exposing your tyrant for what he is: a savage, incompetent wedi komarit tyrant, the #1 enemy of the Eritrean people.
Zmeselo wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:45
There you go!

Reverting back to your fav. obsession & secret love: PIA. :lol:
Zombie,
What a moron. Who else are you going to hold responsible for the stupidity of the last 3 decades? The Monkeys? The Kisha? The Generals? Who else?
Btw, did you see this article? All that MDG, MDG, MDG blabber of your tyrant's propaganda is obliterated by Rwanda, the Singapore of Africa.
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen:
Rwanda wins global social security award

By Times Reporter. Published : October 18, 2019

Rwanda has been named the recipient of the 2019 Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security.

This was announced Friday at the closing of a five-day World Social Security Forum (WSSF) in Brussels, Belgium.

Rwanda has achieved major improvements to #socialsecurity and wins the ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievement at the World Social Security Forum #ISSAWSSF

A key to Rwanda’s success has been community based health services http://bit.ly/32pWXWN 

The award is presented by the International Social Security Association (ISSA), a grouping of 330 national social security administrations and agencies from 158 countries.

The 2019 ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security went to the Government of Rwanda for achieving almost full health insurance coverage in less than 20 years and reaching the highest health coverage rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to a statement...
Read more: https://www.newtimes.co.rw/news/rwanda- ... rity-award
[/quote]
Last edited by Awash on 21 Oct 2019, 00:27, edited 1 time in total.

pastlast
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Posts: 1199
Joined: 19 May 2019, 18:02

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by pastlast » 21 Oct 2019, 00:26

This Post has been About RWANDA, but the PFDJ clown/cockroaches have come out from the woodworks to talk about PIA..Lol! Pathetic!

Zmeselo
Senior Member
Posts: 16839
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Zmeselo » 21 Oct 2019, 00:31

You're too slow, tímb.

I told you, already. It's the SDG's, we're dealing with today.

You're, unsurprisingly, way behind.

As for the Rwandans- I repeat- cos you're a retard:

GOOD FOR RWANDA & GOD'S SPEED!
Awash wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 00:24
Awash wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:07
Zombie,
Sorry for exposing your tyrant for what he is: a savage, incompetent wedi komarit tyrant, the #1 enemy of the Eritrean people.
Zmeselo wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:45
There you go!

Reverting back to your fav. obsession & secret love: PIA. :lol:
Zombie,
What a moron. Who else are you going to hold responsible for the stupidity of the last 3 decades? The Monkeys? The Kisha? The Generals? Who else?
Btw, did you see this article? All that MDG, MDG, MDG blabber of your tyrant's propaganda is obliterated by Rwanda, the Singapore of Africa.
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen:
Rwanda wins global social security award

By Times Reporter. Published : October 18, 2019

Rwanda has been named the recipient of the 2019 Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security.

This was announced Friday at the closing of a five-day World Social Security Forum (WSSF) in Brussels, Belgium.

Rwanda has achieved major improvements to #socialsecurity and wins the ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievement at the World Social Security Forum #ISSAWSSF

A key to Rwanda’s success has been community based health services http://bit.ly/32pWXWN 

The award is presented by the International Social Security Association (ISSA), a grouping of 330 national social security administrations and agencies from 158 countries.

The 2019 ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security went to the Government of Rwanda for achieving almost full health insurance coverage in less than 20 years and reaching the highest health coverage rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to a statement...
Read more: https://www.newtimes.co.rw/news/rwanda- ... rity-award
[/quote]

pastlast
Member
Posts: 1199
Joined: 19 May 2019, 18:02

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by pastlast » 21 Oct 2019, 00:41

So the PFDJ Clown that is FARRRRTING (FESSAAMINg) PIA's Mumbojumbo here doesn't quite understand himself what he is writing:

The so-called "Self-reliant" PFDJ/PIA depends on the UNDP to Provide the Development Strategy/Plan for his so-called achievements..Lol! Eritrea Can Achieve MORE than the MDG/SDG WITHOUT the Interference of PFDJ/PIA because NONE of Ideas are Coming from Bankrupt PFDJ/PIA. The UNDP is Literally keeping the Country of Eritrea on some form of Accountability!....Otherwsie, the Country is just a Military Mafia Ran Anarchy as the true nature of PFDJ is (lawless, without constitution, without accountability, and No Transparency by how you see all of them post here)!


https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/ho ... round.html

Background on the goals
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012. The objective was to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing our world.

The SDGs replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which started a global effort in 2000 to tackle the indignity of poverty. The MDGs established measurable, universally-agreed objectives for tackling extreme poverty and hunger, preventing deadly diseases, and expanding primary education to all children, among other development priorities.

Zmeselo wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 00:31
You're too slow, tímb.

I told you, already. It's the SDG's, we're dealing with today.

You're, unsurprisingly, way behind.

As for the Rwandans- I repeat- cos you're a retard:

GOOD FOR RWANDA & GOD'S SPEED!
Awash wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 00:24
Awash wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:07
Zombie,
Sorry for exposing your tyrant for what he is: a savage, incompetent wedi komarit tyrant, the #1 enemy of the Eritrean people.
Zmeselo wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:45
There you go!

Reverting back to your fav. obsession & secret love: PIA. :lol:
Zombie,
What a moron. Who else are you going to hold responsible for the stupidity of the last 3 decades? The Monkeys? The Kisha? The Generals? Who else?
Btw, did you see this article? All that MDG, MDG, MDG blabber of your tyrant's propaganda is obliterated by Rwanda, the Singapore of Africa.
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen:
Rwanda wins global social security award

By Times Reporter. Published : October 18, 2019

Rwanda has been named the recipient of the 2019 Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security.

This was announced Friday at the closing of a five-day World Social Security Forum (WSSF) in Brussels, Belgium.

Rwanda has achieved major improvements to #socialsecurity and wins the ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievement at the World Social Security Forum #ISSAWSSF

A key to Rwanda’s success has been community based health services http://bit.ly/32pWXWN 

The award is presented by the International Social Security Association (ISSA), a grouping of 330 national social security administrations and agencies from 158 countries.

The 2019 ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security went to the Government of Rwanda for achieving almost full health insurance coverage in less than 20 years and reaching the highest health coverage rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to a statement...
Read more: https://www.newtimes.co.rw/news/rwanda- ... rity-award
[/quote]

Awash
Senior Member+
Posts: 26705
Joined: 07 Aug 2010, 00:35

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Awash » 21 Oct 2019, 01:58

:lol: :lol: :mrgreen: SDG, SDG, SDG.
And yet, your Agame junta is still far behind. What's taking your junta so long when Rwanda keeps kicking your Singapoor asz to the curb? Are you still going to brag about MDG/SDG anymore?
Zmeselo wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 00:31
You're too slow, tímb.

I told you, already. It's the SDG's, we're dealing with today.

You're, unsurprisingly, way behind.

As for the Rwandans- I repeat- cos you're a retard:

GOOD FOR RWANDA & GOD'S SPEED!
Awash wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 00:24
Awash wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:07
Zombie,
Sorry for exposing your tyrant for what he is: a savage, incompetent wedi komarit tyrant, the #1 enemy of the Eritrean people.
Zmeselo wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:45
There you go!

Reverting back to your fav. obsession & secret love: PIA. :lol:
Zombie,
What a moron. Who else are you going to hold responsible for the stupidity of the last 3 decades? The Monkeys? The Kisha? The Generals? Who else?
Btw, did you see this article? All that MDG, MDG, MDG blabber of your tyrant's propaganda is obliterated by Rwanda, the Singapore of Africa.
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen:
Rwanda wins global social security award

By Times Reporter. Published : October 18, 2019

Rwanda has been named the recipient of the 2019 Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security.

This was announced Friday at the closing of a five-day World Social Security Forum (WSSF) in Brussels, Belgium.

Rwanda has achieved major improvements to #socialsecurity and wins the ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievement at the World Social Security Forum #ISSAWSSF

A key to Rwanda’s success has been community based health services http://bit.ly/32pWXWN 

The award is presented by the International Social Security Association (ISSA), a grouping of 330 national social security administrations and agencies from 158 countries.

The 2019 ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security went to the Government of Rwanda for achieving almost full health insurance coverage in less than 20 years and reaching the highest health coverage rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to a statement...
Read more: https://www.newtimes.co.rw/news/rwanda- ... rity-award
[/quote]

Zmeselo
Senior Member
Posts: 16839
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by Zmeselo » 21 Oct 2019, 02:17

You can't finish a sentence wihout mentioning the word ars, can you- you fairy?
Awash wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 01:58
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen: SDG, SDG, SDG.
And yet, your Agame junta is still far behind. What's taking your junta so long when Rwand keeps kicking your Singapoor asz to the curb? Are you still going to brag about MDG/SDG anymore?
Zmeselo wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 00:31
You're too slow, tímb.

I told you, already. It's the SDG's, we're dealing with today.

You're, unsurprisingly, way behind.

As for the Rwandans- I repeat- cos you're a retard:

GOOD FOR RWANDA & GOD'S SPEED!
Awash wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 00:24
Awash wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:07
Zombie,
Sorry for exposing your tyrant for what he is: a savage, incompetent wedi komarit tyrant, the #1 enemy of the Eritrean people.
Zmeselo wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:45
There you go!

Reverting back to your fav. obsession & secret love: PIA. :lol:
Zombie,
What a moron. Who else are you going to hold responsible for the stupidity of the last 3 decades? The Monkeys? The Kisha? The Generals? Who else?
Btw, did you see this article? All that MDG, MDG, MDG blabber of your tyrant's propaganda is obliterated by Rwanda, the Singapore of Africa.
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen:
Rwanda wins global social security award

By Times Reporter. Published : October 18, 2019

Rwanda has been named the recipient of the 2019 Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security.

This was announced Friday at the closing of a five-day World Social Security Forum (WSSF) in Brussels, Belgium.

Rwanda has achieved major improvements to #socialsecurity and wins the ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievement at the World Social Security Forum #ISSAWSSF

A key to Rwanda’s success has been community based health services http://bit.ly/32pWXWN 

The award is presented by the International Social Security Association (ISSA), a grouping of 330 national social security administrations and agencies from 158 countries.

The 2019 ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security went to the Government of Rwanda for achieving almost full health insurance coverage in less than 20 years and reaching the highest health coverage rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to a statement...
Read more: https://www.newtimes.co.rw/news/rwanda- ... rity-award
[/quote]

pastlast
Member
Posts: 1199
Joined: 19 May 2019, 18:02

Re: Rwanda aka Singapore to Launch Volkswagen's Electric Car

Post by pastlast » 21 Oct 2019, 02:24

PIA/PFDJ are always bragging about something NORMAL COUNTRIES are SUPPOSED TO DO:...

CHRIS ROCK SAID THIS CORRECTLY about So-Called N.ggahs who Brag About Taking Care of their Kids: The Funny thing here is, PFDJ/PIA is Claiming to Take Care of Eritrean Children but at same time Forcing them into Military Conscription (SAWA) and Child Labor (Summer Programs for High School Students)! Guess what they are Not Taking Care of Kids but Keeping them Away from PIA and his Goons in the Capital!...Scared SCHIT isayas and his Goons are Scared of Eritrean Teens!



Awash wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 01:58
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen: SDG, SDG, SDG.
And yet, your Agame junta is still far behind. What's taking your junta so long when Rwanda keeps kicking your Singapoor asz to the curb? Are you still going to brag about MDG/SDG anymore?
Zmeselo wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 00:31
You're too slow, tímb.

I told you, already. It's the SDG's, we're dealing with today.

You're, unsurprisingly, way behind.

As for the Rwandans- I repeat- cos you're a retard:

GOOD FOR RWANDA & GOD'S SPEED!
Awash wrote:
21 Oct 2019, 00:24
Awash wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:07
Zombie,
Sorry for exposing your tyrant for what he is: a savage, incompetent wedi komarit tyrant, the #1 enemy of the Eritrean people.
Zmeselo wrote:
20 Oct 2019, 18:45
There you go!

Reverting back to your fav. obsession & secret love: PIA. :lol:
Zombie,
What a moron. Who else are you going to hold responsible for the stupidity of the last 3 decades? The Monkeys? The Kisha? The Generals? Who else?
Btw, did you see this article? All that MDG, MDG, MDG blabber of your tyrant's propaganda is obliterated by Rwanda, the Singapore of Africa.
:lol: :lol: :mrgreen:
Rwanda wins global social security award

By Times Reporter. Published : October 18, 2019

Rwanda has been named the recipient of the 2019 Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security.

This was announced Friday at the closing of a five-day World Social Security Forum (WSSF) in Brussels, Belgium.

Rwanda has achieved major improvements to #socialsecurity and wins the ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievement at the World Social Security Forum #ISSAWSSF

A key to Rwanda’s success has been community based health services http://bit.ly/32pWXWN 

The award is presented by the International Social Security Association (ISSA), a grouping of 330 national social security administrations and agencies from 158 countries.

The 2019 ISSA Award for Outstanding Achievements in Social Security went to the Government of Rwanda for achieving almost full health insurance coverage in less than 20 years and reaching the highest health coverage rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to a statement...
Read more: https://www.newtimes.co.rw/news/rwanda- ... rity-award
[/quote]

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