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Zmeselo
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Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jul 2019, 04:08



Last edited by Zmeselo on 10 Jul 2019, 13:30, edited 1 time in total.

Zmeselo
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Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jul 2019, 12:40



Lessons from the peace process between Ethiopia and Eritrea

How did the Ethiopians and the Eritreans succeed in moving within a few months from a state of protracted conflict to a hopeful peace process?

By DR. ROEE KIBRIK

https://m.jpost.com/Opinion/Lessons-fro ... 595016/amp

July 9, 2019



Protesters stand opposite police during a protest for the death of 18-year old Solomon Tekah of Ethiopian descent, after he was shot by police, in Tel Aviv, Israel July 2, 2019. (photo credit: CORINNA KERN/REUTERS)

For those interested in promoting peace between Israel and the Palestinians, the current situation may be discouraging. Indeed, the misconception that there is “no solution” is gaining ground among growing audiences. Those who do not want to sink into despair and be misled by the belief that we have already tried everything, are invited to raise their heads, look around and learn from other conflicts around the world that can give us new insights and hope. Although each conflict is different, we can still learn lessons and be inspired. Such is the peace process that was forged over the past year in the Horn of Africa.

The peace process between Ethiopia and Eritrea raises hope, despite the current crisis Ethiopia is facing following the coup attempt. Just a year ago, people in the Horn of Africa felt desperate, just as we sometimes feel, about the long hopeless years of bloody conflict, past agreements that were not implemented, torn societies in ethnic and territorial conflicts and hope for change that is out of sight. However, in an amazingly fast process, the parties in the Horn of Africa succeeded in changing their reality and got on the path to peace. In April 2018, Abiy Ahmed rose to power in Ethiopia, and within a few months, the parties signed a peace agreement brokered by the US, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and the UN. As a result, other peace processes started in the Horn of Africa, and hostile relations were replaced by negotiations and new connections.

How did the Ethiopians and the Eritreans succeed in moving within a few months from a state of protracted conflict to a hopeful peace process? It looks like several factors, which can serve as points of reference for Israelis and Palestinians, have helped the parties:

Bold political leadership: A reality-changing leadership is needed in order to change the course of the long-standing conflict. Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki made a move that was contrary to popular positions, national mood and narratives that the parties have cultivated over the years, and reached out for peace. The leaders changed the public discourse rather than being led by it. They proved that the leadership must not submit to prevailing patterns and identity perceptions that have taken root over the years, but legitimize reality-changing actions.

External incentives: External incentives are another force that drives leaders and citizens to move toward reconciliation. Leaders can effectively use incentives to mobilize political and economic support in their quest for peace. In the Ethiopian-Eritrean case, apart from achieving peaceful life, landlocked Ethiopia gained an outlet to the sea, renewed its commercial flights to Somalia and attracted foreign investors who increased their investments in the country. Eritrea, which was in a difficult economic situation, gained economic, media and transportation cooperation with Ethiopia, and the international sanctions that made it one of the poorest countries in the world were lifted. As a result, the international isolation that was imposed on the country ended.

International support of the peace process: Advancing peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea serves the interests of many international and regional players that are involved in the Horn of Africa and are interested in promoting stability in the volatile region. The US, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and the UN have mobilized to mediate, support and guarantee the peace process. The fact that the main intermediaries in the process – Saudi Arabia and the UAE – sided by the Eritrean side teaches us a lesson, when choosing the mediators in our conflict. The Ethiopian diaspora in the US, which politically and economically supported the peace process, made a significant contribution too.

Adapting the peace process to the political reality: The design of the process should necessarily be adapted to the complex and changing political reality, while referring to the structure of negotiations, the pace of the process and its implementation, the coordination of symbolic trust building measures, etc. The parties in the Horn of Africa were able to properly adjust the negotiations structure to the existing political reality in order to reduce risks. For example, the relatively fast pace of the process prevented the formation of an organized and strong opposition, as well as extreme activities that might have harmed the process. Other factors that helped move the process forward were symbolic steps, meetings that are covered by the media, rapid changes on the ground and leadership that is mobilized to communicate with civil society of the other side.

Promoting internal reconciliation processes, enforcing solidarity and establishing the political system: The transition from a protracted conflict to a peace process is a significant change that disrupts well-established perceptions in society and brings to the surface the internal tensions and disagreements. In order to support change, leaders should build on the resilience of society and the stability of the political system. The parties in the Horn of Africa realized that the in-country situation affected the prospects of reaching a peace agreement between countries. Abiy Ahmed has led extensive reconciliation processes in Ethiopia, including the disarmament of opposition groups and making them a legitimate political party, the establishment of a new and inclusive government that includes a Peace Ministry entrusted with the internal process and the consolidation of a new ethos for Ethiopia.

SWITCHING BACK to the Middle East, the absence of a courageous political leadership entails a heavy exasperating toll. When examining the Israeli-Palestinian conflict against the backdrop of the peace process in the Horn of Africa, there is a reason to be hopeful: in the case of the Israelis and the Palestinians, the Arab Peace Initiative and the promise of a Special Privileged Partnership with the EU serve as incentives, alongside the security guarantees that the US may offer. Regional and global players who have a vested interest in achieving stability in the Middle East offer themselves as potential mediators and help the sides avoid violence. They can help us garner international support for the peace process. Israeli and Palestinian societies face many challenges related to the rule of law, democracy, human and civil rights, social cohesion, the reduction of violence, and the legitimacy of the leadership. Such challenges should be addressed with no delay in order to enforce solidarity, economic resilience, and trust in government institutions. Civil society and the Diaspora can also play a role, since they can promote pro-peace cooperation even in the absence of political will to advance peaceful relations. Similarly, the business community, researchers and government agencies can take advantage of the deadlock in negotiations to examine opportunities and adjust the peace process to the changing political context. Above all, we must continue to believe that a solution is possible.

The case of the peace process between Ethiopia and Eritrea is not theoretical. Having a success story – in which leaders, civil society and the international community join forces to advance a peace process to solve a protracted conflict that seems hopeless – is politically powerful. It undermines the defeatist argument that “there is nothing that can be done,” and that we are condemned to “live by the sword.” Peace processes can be “contagious,” and the peace process between Ethiopia and Eritrea is a good example. Their peace agreement led to a series of peace talks and arrangements across the Horn of Africa. Being infected by the “peace virus” would certainly be beneficial for Israel and the Palestinians as well.


*The writer is the director of research at Mitvim – The Israeli Institute for Regional Foreign Policies.

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PM Abyi's Letter to President Isaias, from a year ago:




Zmeselo
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Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jul 2019, 12:57

AMB. Beyene Russom (@BeyeneRussom) Tweeted:

Eritrea participating at the Africa High-level Conference on Counter-Terrorism and the Prevention of Violent Extremism Conducive to Terrorism, opened by UNSG H.E Mr Antonio Guterres, today (10-11July), Nairobi, Kenya.









With UN Secretary General H.E Antonio Guterres at the Africa High-level Conference on Counter-Terrorism & the Prevention of Violent Extremism Conducive to Terrorism, convened today. Eritrea participated with a statement. 10-11 July,



Presenting my statement highlightng Eritrea's Counter-Terrorism efforts & engagements - Best Practices @
Africa Regional High-Level Conference on Counter-Terroriism & the Prevention of Violent Extremism Conducive to Terrorism today, 10 July
#UNOCT







From my Statement:
Comprehensive peace agreement between Eritrea & Ethiopia 1st Anniversary 9 July was momentous.
Eritrea is engaging wth countries in the region to achieve sustainable peace & cooperatng at all spheres, ensuring terrorism has no breeding ground.

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Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jul 2019, 13:11

Ambassador Estifanos (@AmbassadorEstif) Tweeted:

Exchanged ideas with Kentaro Shibata on SMBC sponsored events at TICAD7 Eritrea.



Talk with Dr. Nishigaki focused on, programs of Japan Agency for Medical Research & Development in Africa


Zmeselo
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Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jul 2019, 13:19







Model Grace Mahary Is Powering Eritrean Homes With Solar Energy In Between Runway Shows

ELIZA DUMAIS.....https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/grace- ... ct-tsehigh

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Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jul 2019, 13:25

ERi-TV - ሻካት፡ መንበረት እት ጀዚረት ደሌሜ

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Zmeselo
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Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jul 2019, 15:54



Eritrea commends benefits of Belt and Road Initiative

2019-07-10

ADDIS ABABA, July 10 (Xinhua)
-- The East African nation of Eritrea commends the benefits of the Belt and Road initiative (BRI), the Eritrea Ministry of Information (MoI) said on Wednesday.

In a press statement, MoI said the BRI has been instrumental in furthering practical cooperation and mutual understanding under the framework of mutual cooperation.
The Belt and Road initiative aims to advance economic policy coordination among countries, promote orderly and free flow of economic factors, as well as integration of markets so as to create an open, inclusive and balanced regional economic cooperation,
said MoI.

MoI further said Eritrea had organized a symposium on Saturday in its capital, Asmara, together with the Chinese embassy in Eritrea to mark the sixth anniversary of the BRI and to enhance future cooperation between the countries going forward.

Eritrea and China have strong growing ties with the two countries cooperating to enhance Eritrea's agriculture, mining, education and energy sectors, it said.

The two countries have also in recent years cooperated in the fields of cultural exchange and sports.

Proposed in 2013, the BRI aims to build trade and infrastructure networks connecting Asia with Europe and Africa on and beyond the ancient Silk Road routes. It comprises the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.

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Chinese Embassy in Eritrea organised Belt & Road Anniversary Symposium



By Current Affairs Correspondent Africa

https://www.beltandroad.news/2019/07/10 ... symposium/

July 10, 2019

The Peoples Republic of China Embassy in Eritrea had organised a Symposium at the Embassy premises in connection with the 6th Anniversary of the “One Belt One Road” Initiative.

The objective of the symposium was to enhance mutual understanding and practical cooperation under the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative.

Speaking at the event, the Ambassador of the Peoples Republic of China, Mr. Yang Zigang said that in the past six years the influence of the Belt and Road Initiative has been growing fast with greater participation from all sides and achieving commendable results.

Indicating that the cooperation between Eritrea and China is growing in the sectors of agriculture, health, education energy, infrastructure, information as well as culture and sports, Ambassador Yang said that Eritrea’s strategic location makes it good partner in the Belt and Road initiative.

At the symposium Chinese Mining Companies engaged in Eritrea gave briefing on their activities in Eritrea as well as activities related with the Belt and Road initiative.

Various representatives of Ministries and Government institutions also gave briefing on the overall policies of the Eritrean Government, opportunity and challenge of Eritrea – China cooperation as well as on the investment potential in Eritrea and future prospect.

The Belt and Road Initiative proposed in 2013 by the Chinese Government was aimed to advance economic policy coordination among countries, and promote orderly and free flow of economic factors, efficient allocation of resources as well as integration of markets so as to create an open, inclusive and balanced regional economic cooperation that benefits all and uphold the global free trade system and the open world economy.

Zmeselo
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Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jul 2019, 16:25

Farida (@FaridaLees) Tweeted:

Gorgeous styling & photography @sk_styling_photography.
Asmara based & talented !


Thanks to model Z, for bringing this dress to life. She is wearing: a handwoven fabric of black and metallic gold thread.



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Post by Zmeselo » 10 Jul 2019, 17:31

kemey.net (@KemeyNet) Tweeted:

Z 1st round: Eritrean "Shingrewa Academy Voice Competition USA 2019" will be held in 4 places.

Check the flyers for the dates, time and place.

Mark down the dates.

Make sure to call the number on the flyer and register before you compete.

GOOD LUCK!








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