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Zmeselo
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Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Zmeselo » 18 Jun 2019, 08:40



United States of Plastic

Where does your plastic go? Global investigation reveals America's dirty secret

A Guardian report from 11 countries tracks how US waste makes its way across the world – and overwhelms the poorest nations

By Erin McCormick, Bennett Murray , Carmela Fonbuena , Leonie Kijewski, Gökçe Saraçoğlu , Jamie Fullerton, Alastair Gee and Charlotte Simmonds

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/201 ... are_btn_tw


Main image: Plastic bottles bundled in a recycling facility. Bales such as these travel around the world on shipping containers. Photograph: Bloomberg via Getty Images

Mon 17 Jun 2019

What happens to your plastic after you drop it in a recycling bin?

According to promotional materials from America’s plastics industry, it is whisked off to a factory where it is seamlessly transformed into something new.

This is not the experience of Nguyễn Thị Hồng Thắm, a 60-year-old Vietnamese mother of seven, living amid piles of grimy American plastic on the outskirts of Hanoi. Outside her home, the sun beats down on a Cheetos bag; aisle markers from a Walmart store; and a plastic bag from ShopRite, a chain of supermarkets in New Jersey, bearing a message urging people to recycle it.

Tham is paid the equivalent of $6.50 a day to strip off the non-recyclable elements and sort what remains: translucent plastic in one pile, opaque in another.

A Guardian investigation has found that hundreds of thousands of tons of US plastic are being shipped every year to poorly regulated developing countries around the globe for the dirty, labor-intensive process of recycling. The consequences for public health and the environment are grim.

A team of Guardian reporters in 11 countries has found:

• Last year, the equivalent of 68,000 shipping containers of American plastic recycling were exported from the US to developing countries that mismanage more than 70% of their own plastic waste.

• The newest hotspots for handling US plastic recycling are some of the world’s poorest countries, including Bangladesh, Laos, Ethiopia and Senegal, offering cheap labor and limited environmental regulation.

• In some places, like Turkey, https://www.theguardian.com/world/turkey a surge in foreign waste shipments is disrupting efforts to handle locally generated plastics.

• With these nations overwhelmed, thousands of tons of waste plastic are stranded at home in the US, as we reveal in our story later this week.


Nguyễn Thị Hồng Thắm is paid $6.50 a day to sort recycling on the outskirts of Hanoi. Photograph: Bac Pham/The Guardian

These failures in the recycling system are adding to a growing sense of crisis around plastic, a wonder material that has enabled everything from toothbrushes to space helmets but is now found in enormous quantities in the oceans and has even been detected in the human digestive system.

Reflecting grave concerns around plastic waste, last month, 187 countries signed a treaty https://www.theguardian.com/environment ... -except-us giving nations the power to block the import of contaminated or hard-to-recycle plastic trash. A few countries did not sign. One was the US.

A new Guardian series, United States of Plastic, will scrutinize the plastic crisis engulfing America and the world, publishing several more stories this week and continuing for the rest of 2019.

“People don’t know what’s happening to their trash,” said Andrew Spicer, who teaches corporate social responsibility at the University of South Carolina and sits on his state’s recycling advisory board.
They think they’re saving the world. But the international recycling business sees it as a way of making money. There have been no global regulations – just a long, dirty market that allows some companies to take advantage of a world without rules.

Migrant workers sort through plastic bottles at the Thaiplastic Recycle Group plant in Samut Sakhon, outside Bangkok, Thailand. Photograph: Diego Azubel/EPA

Where America’s recycling lands

Plastic only came into mass consumer use in the 1950s, but in the Pacific Garbage Patch it is already thought to be more common than plankton. Officials around the globe have banned particularly egregious plastic pollutants, such as straws and flimsy bags, yet America alone generates 34.5m tons of plastic waste each year, enough to fill Houston’s Astrodome stadium 1,000 times.

Of the 9% of America’s plastic that the Environmental Protection Agency estimated was recycled in 2015, China https://www.theguardian.com/world/china and Hong Kong handled more than half: about 1.6m tons of our plastic recycling every year. They developed a vast industry of harvesting and reusing the most valuable plastics to make products that could be sold back to the western world.

But much of what America sent was contaminated with food or dirt, or it was non-recyclable and simply had to be landfilled in China. Amid growing environmental and health fears, China shut its doors to all but the cleanest plastics in late 2017.



Since the China ban, America’s plastic waste has become a global hot potato, ping-ponging from country to country. The Guardian’s analysis of shipping records and US Census Bureau export data has found that America is still shipping more than 1m tons a year of its plastic waste overseas, much of it to places that are already virtually drowning in it.

A red flag to researchers is that many of these countries ranked very poorly on metrics of how well they handle their own plastic waste. A study led by the University of Georgia researcher Jenna Jambeck found that Malaysia, the biggest recipient of US plastic recycling since the China ban, mismanaged 55% of its own plastic waste, meaning it was dumped or inadequately disposed of at sites such as open landfills. Indonesia and Vietnam https://www.theguardian.com/world/vietnam improperly managed 81% and 86%, respectively.

“We are trying so desperately to get rid of this stuff that we are looking for new frontiers,” said Jan Dell, an independent engineer, whose organization The Last Beach Cleanup works with investors and environmental groups to reduce plastic pollution.
The path of least resistance is to put it on a ship and send it somewhere else – and the ships are going further and further to find some place to put it,
she said.



Take Vietnam. Minh Khai, a village on a river delta near Hanoi, is the center of a waste management cottage industry. Rubbish from across the world, inscribed in languages from Arabic to French, lines almost every street in this community of about 1,000 households. Workers in makeshift workshops churn out recycled pellets amid toxic fumes and foul stench from the truckloads of scrap that are transported there every day. Even Minh Khai’s welcome arch, adorned with bright red flags, is flanked by plastic waste on both sides.

In 2018, the US sent 83,000 tons of plastic recycling to Vietnam. On the ground, America’s footprint is clear: a bag of York Peppermint Patties from Hershey, with US labeling, and an empty bag from a chemical coatings manufacturer in Ohio.
We’re really scared of the plastic fumes, and we don’t dare to drink the water from underground here,
said Nguyễn Thị Hồng Thắm, the plastic sorter, wearing thick gloves, a face mask and a traditional Vietnamese conical hat to protect herself from the sun.
We don’t have money so we don’t have any choice but to work here.
While the exact health effects of workers’ exposure to plastic recycling operations have not been well studied, the toxic fumes resulting from the burning of plastics or plastic processing can cause respiratory illness. Regular exposure can subject workers and nearby residents to hundreds of toxic substances, including hydrochloric acid, sulfur dioxide, dioxins and heavy metals, the effects of which can include developmental disorders, endocrine disruption, and cancer.

Once the plastic is sorted by workers like Tham, others feed the scrap into grinders before putting it through densifiers that melt and condense the scrap so it can be molded into pellets.


The village of Minh Khai is the center of a waste management cottage industry. Photograph: Bennett Murray/The Guardian


Waste pollutes beaches in Vietnam’s Bình Thuận province. Photograph: Francesco Brembati/The Guardian


Business continues to boom in Minh Khai despite tightening rules. Photograph: Bennett Murray

The Vietnamese prime minister, Nguyễn Xuân Phúc, ordered a tightening on scrap standards in July 2018, and legal monthly imports were cut to one-tenth of what they had been. As of April, more than 23,400 shipping containers of scrap remain held up in customs. But business continues to boom in Minh Khai. Tham said that scrap is still arriving from Haiphong, northern Vietnam’s largest port, and other parts of the country every day, and records show a significant rebound in imports.

As countries like Vietnam, Malaysia and Thailand banned imports, records show the plastic waste fanning out to a host of new countries. Shipments began making their way to Cambodia, https://www.theguardian.com/world/cambodia Laos, Ghana, Ethiopia, Kenya and Senegal, which had previously handled virtually no US plastic.

The Guardian found that each month throughout the second half of 2018, container ships ferried about 260 tons of US plastic scrap into one of the most dystopian, plastic-covered places of all: the Cambodian seaside town of Sihanoukville, where, in some areas, almost every inch of the ocean is covered with floating plastic and the beach is nothing but a glinting carpet of polymers.


Heng Ngy lives in a wooden house over a sea of plastic. Photograph: Leonie Kijewski

“I cannot accept plastic being imported into our country,” said a resident, Heng Ngy, 58. Ngy and his wife live in a wooden house on stilts that seems to hover on a sea of plastic. A pungent stench wafts up to the open-aired rooms.

Cambodia’s waste problem is believed to stem from its own use of plastic and a lack of any system for dealing with it. No one interviewed in Sihanoukville had any idea that plastic recycling was being exported from the United States, and what happened to the plastic after it arrived is unclear.

Experts estimate that 20% to 70% of plastic entering recycling facilities around the globe is discarded because it is unusable – so any plastic being recycled at Sihanoukville would inevitably result in more waste there.

Alex Gonzalez-Davidson, the co-founder of the Cambodian environmental organization Mother Nature, said his organization had not been aware of the issue. But “if it works, they will bring more and more”, he said. For now, shipments of plastic appear to have tailed off.


Waste is spread on the beach in Sihanoukville, Cambodia. Photograph: Niamh Peren/The Guardian

How plastic waste fuels a global business

How does your plastic get from your curbside to a village in south-east Asia? Through a trading network that crosses oceans and traverses continents. It’s a network that is complex, at times nefarious, and in which few consumers understand their role. Now, that network is at a breaking point.

Plastic’s first stop on its months-long journey is a recycling facility where it is sorted into bales based on its type – soda bottles, milk jugs and clamshell-style containers, for instance, are all made of subtly different kinds – and readied for sale.

Waste https://www.theguardian.com/environment/waste plastic is a commodity, and recycling brokers search across the US and abroad for buyers who will want to melt the plastic down, turn it into pellets, and make those pellets into something new.

In the past, it made economic sense to ship the plastic to Asia, because shipping companies that transport China’s manufactured goods to the US end up with thousands of empty shipping containers to carry back. In the absence of American goods to fill them, the companies have been willing to ship out America’s recycling at rock-bottom rates.


Steve Wong links your recycling with international purchasers. Photograph: Erin McCormick

Steve Wong, a Hong Kong-based businessman, is one of the middlemen who connects your recycling with international buyers. “At one time, I was one of the biggest exporters in the world,” he said, worth millions. Now, Wong said, his company, the Hong-Kong based Fukutomi Recycling, https://www.theguardian.com/environment/recycling was deep in debt.

Wong’s problem is hardly a lack of supply. Each month the equivalent of thousands of shipping containers worth of recyclable plastics, which used to be exported, are piling up all over the United States. Nor is his worry a shortage of demand for plastic. It is desperately needed by factories in China for manufacturing into myriad new products – from toys and picture frames to garden gazebos.

What is nearly killing his business is the fact that many countries have soured on the recycling industry, after unscrupulous operators set up shop, operating as cheaply as possible, with no regard for the environment or local residents.

“In our industry, if you do it properly, you save the environment,” Wong said. “If you do it improperly, you destroy the environment.”

As far as profits go, the numbers just barely favor recycling.

Wong said he might spend $150 to buy a ton of plastic scrap from a US recycler. Once it is shipped abroad, sold to a processor, turned into pellets and then again shipped to a manufacturer, the seller might ask as much as $800 per ton.

Yet the cost of similar virgin plastic, which is often higher quality, is just $900 to $1,000 a ton.

Wong believes the answer in the future will be to process the material closer to the United States. That is why he has planned trips to meet with government officials in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, and why, on a recent Wednesday, Wong crisscrossed back and forth through heavy traffic in the Mexican city of Monterrey, located about 150 miles south of Laredo, Texas.

Wong, a trim 61-year-old dressed head-to-toe in khaki like a safari hunter, was working to set up a new plastics recycling factory for an investor who hopes to one day process US plastic.

At one reseller – a corrugated-metal warehouse piled floor-to-ceiling with plastic that included shimmery sheaths of wrapping from US retail stores – Wong wanted to test the quality of the supply. He filled a baggie with ground-up flakes of black plastic from picking crates, then took a cigarette lighter and lit one of the flakes on fire. He carefully sniffed the smoke to get a sense of what variety of plastic it was.

At Wong’s next stop, an existing Monterrey recycling processor, you could get a sense of the work the new factory might do.


Plastic is stretched and formed into pellets in a variety of colors. Photograph: Erin McCormick/The Guardian

A rudimentary plastic processing machine stretched 40ft across the bare dirt of the warehouse floor. The processor takes rejected car parts and grinds them up into confetti-sized flakes. Workers feed these flakes into a flume that channels them past a heater to melt them. The melted plastic is pressed into long, white strings, which are stretched across the room and allowed to harden. At that point, they are chopped into pellets a little bigger than rice grains.

Wong said he would like to build more modern factories with up-to-date systems for eliminating toxic releases to the air and water. But he said he was sure that many of his less scrupulous competitors would keep exporting on the cheap. He suggested that even in countries that had banned plastic imports, the material continued to be smuggled in.
Recyclers have set up factories in all these countries, but they don’t have enough supply. So, even though it is smuggling, even though it is not legal, they still have to do what it takes to get the plastic.


With US plastic landing in countries that have never seen it in such quantities, local residents are crying foul.

In the Philippines, https://www.theguardian.com/world/philippines about 120 shipping containers a month are arriving in Manila and an industrial zone in the former US military base at Subic Bay. Records indicate they were filled with plastic scrap shipped from such places as Los Angeles, Georgia and the Port of New York-Newark.

From the Manila port, shipping records and Philippines customs documents show, some of the US plastic was transported to Valenzuela City. The area, on the outskirts of the Philippine capital, is known as “Plastic City” and residents are increasingly concerned about the number of processing factories sprouting in their midst.

“You smell that?” said a shopkeeper, Helen Lota, 47, as she stood in front of her neighborhood convenience store at noon one day last month.
That’s nothing. It’s worse towards evening. It gets suffocating,
There are times it’s really hard to breathe. Many of us here are getting sick,
said Lota.
I had my daughter’s cough checked in the hospital. But the X-ray is clear. The coughing must be caused by the smell.
Noticing Lota complaining about the plastic problem, passersby stopped to chime in.
My mother’s cough won’t go away, probably because of the smell,
said Renante Bito, 38.


A worker puts styrofoam in a shredder at a recycling plant in Valenzuela City, north of Manila. Photograph: Noel Celis/AFP/Getty Images

Yet recycling is also one of the area’s biggest income sources. Officials and residents interviewed by the Guardian said they had assumed the plastic being processed in their town was the Philippines’ own waste. None realized that some of it was being shipped from the US. Representatives for the factories receiving US waste declined to be interviewed.

In Turkey, US plastic imports may be putting an entire profession at risk. Since China closed its doors, the amount of plastic recycling Turkey takes in from abroad has soared, from 159,000 to 439,000 tons in two years.

Each month, about 10 ships pull into the ports of Istanbul and Adana, carrying about 2,000 tons of cheap US scrap plastic that is no longer wanted by China. Most of it comes from the ports of Georgia, Charleston, Baltimore and New York. Some of it is described in shipping records as “Walmart film scrap”, the clear cling wrap used to secure huge pallets of products sold by Walmart. (Walmart declined to comment on the issue.) These cargo ships join dozens of others from the UK and other European countries.

Their arrival is closely watched by Turkey’s scrap pickers, who number in the hundreds of thousands and travel the streets collecting scraps from houses and businesses to resell to factories for manufacturing into products such as plastic bags.


Men search through pieces suitable for recycling at the municipal garbage dump in the south-eastern city of Diyarbakir, Turkey. Photograph: Sertac Kayar/Reuters

Now, the scrap pickers say, the factories are buying cheaper and cleaner plastic from the foreign recycling coming in on ships. Piles of their unsold, locally collected plastic are building up in urban storage yards. They have organized a campaign to stop the flood of foreign plastic, getting friends who work in the port to take videos of materials being offloaded and conducting their own ad hoc investigations.
There are 500,000 street collectors in Turkey, working almost like ants to collect the waste,
said Baran Bozoğlu, head of Turkey’s Chamber of Environmental Engineers. Yet he said the “uncontrolled and unlimited” import of foreign recycling was leaving these local recyclers without markets for the scrap they collect.
It’s like we have flour and water and, instead of making our own bread, we import bread from abroad! Does that make any sense to you?
Every day, Eser Çağlayan, 33, wheels his giant white collecting bag through a booming business district along the shores of the Bosphorus strait, hunting for treasures that people throw out, along with the usual plastic and paper scraps. In the past, Çağlayan, a 20-year-veteran of the scrap-picking trade, was able to feed his family of five with the $800 or so he made every month. But this year, he said, his income was down by about a third due to the competition from cheap, imported recycling.
I want to tell people in US this: recycle in your own yard,
he said.
Don’t bring down our income and put us all in danger of hunger.

Containers filled with plastic waste are seen before being sent back to their countries of origin in Port Klang, Malaysia. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

How people are fighting for change

The environmental and social ramifications of America’s plastic exports are shocking even to those in the industry. Bob Wenzlau is considered one of the founding fathers of the US curbside recycling system, having helped to launch the program in Palo Alto, California, in 1976.

Curbside recycling
was started with a really good intention; I used to feel so proud,
said Wenzlau. Now, after learning of the effects the nation’s exports are having overseas, he said,
my heart aches, because the system is doing harm.
Wenzlau recently convinced the Palo Alto city council to pass a measure requiring the city’s recyclers to report on the social and environmental consequences of any recycling that goes to foreign countries.

Even in San Francisco, long hailed for the high percentage of waste it is able to recycle, the head of the city’s waste disposal provider has said that the system is failing.
The simple fact is, there is just too much plastic – and too many different types of plastics – being produced; and there exist few, if any, viable end markets for the material,
Michael J Sangiacomo of Recology recently wrote https://www.sfchronicle.com/opinion/ope ... 489726.php in an op-ed.



A study released this spring https://wastetradestories.org/wp-conten ... ril-22.pdf by the environmental group Gaia documented the human toll of US plastics exports on the countries that receive them.
The impact of the shift in plastic trade to south-east Asian countries has been staggering – contaminated water supplies, crop death, respiratory illness from exposure to burning plastic, and the rise of organized crime abound in areas most exposed to the flood of new imports,
the report found.
These countries and their people are shouldering the economic, social and environmental costs of that pollution, possibly for generations to come.
For many experts, the most frightening example of how an out-of-control recycling industry can overwhelm a country is Malaysia. Immediately following the China ban, it became the go-to destination for US plastic and is still paying the price.

In the first 10 months of 2018, the US exported 192,000 metric tons of plastic waste to Malaysia for recycling. Some of the factories had licenses to process foreign waste. Some only had licenses to deal with Malaysian plastic waste but secretly processed foreign waste. Often, such “processing” actually meant illegally burning plastic, with the toxic fumes inhaled by Malaysians living near unlicensed factories and dump sites.


Containers filled with plastic waste are seen before being sent back to their countries of origin in Port Klang, Malaysia. Photograph: Mohd Rasfan/AFP/Getty Images

In October, the Malaysian government announced plans to immediately stop issuing new permits for importing plastic waste, and to end all plastic waste importing within three years. Even so, thousands of tons of junk plastic remain heaped on the landscape, left behind by unscrupulous business operations.

On the outskirts of Jenjarom, a town in the district of Kuala Langat, where local authorities shut down 34 illegal factories last July, a land manager struggled to get rid of 10ft-high piles of plastic left under a corrugated roof by illegal importers of foreign waste. Nearby, a huge field of foreign plastic had been abandoned by the former renters: Chinese illegal factory owners, who left without warning following the crackdown.

And the illegal importation of US waste is continuing. According to the environmental minister Yeo Bee Yin’s accounts to the local press, many shippers simply change the codes on the documentation for their cargo containers to make it look like they are sending virgin plastic, which isn’t regulated, instead of the same old recycling scrap.


CK Lee, a lawyer and activist, with burned plastic residue in Kuala Langat. Photograph: Jamie Fullerton/The Guardian

The continued arrival of foreign plastics is no surprise to Pang Song Lim, a 44-year-old civil engineer who lives in Sungai Petani, a town of half a million in the north-west state of Kedah. Officials say there may be 20 illegal plastic-processing factories there. Every evening at sunset, Lim prepares his house and his nose for the onslaught from the burning of foreign plastic waste nearby. Foul smoke engulfs homes and a local school.

“It’s normally after eight o’clock,” Lim said.
Burned plastic … acidic … it hurts my chest. I try to seal my windows and block under the door with carpet.
“You wake up at midnight because of the smell,” said Christina Lai, a Sungai Petani activist.
One day this land will be taken over by rubbish and not humans.

Lead reporter: Erin McCormick (Oakland, California and Monterrey, Mexico)

Reporters: Bennett Murray (Hanoi, Vietnam), Leonie Kijewski (Phnom Penh, Cambodia), Carmela Fonbuena (Manila, Philippines), Gökçe Saraçoğlu (Istanbul, Turkey), Jamie Fullerton (Jenjarom and Sungai Petani, Malaysia), Febriana Firdaus (Jakarta, Indonesia), Kimberley Brown (Quito, Ecuador), Kwasi Gyamfi Asiedu (Accra, Ghana), Redwan Ahmed (Dhaka, Bangladesh).

Editors: Alastair Gee, Charlotte Simmonds

Copy editor: Matthew Cantor

Graphics: Heather Jones/MSJONESNYC

Special thanks to Jan Dell and Claire Arkin

Temt
Member
Posts: 1670
Joined: 04 Jun 2013, 22:23

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Temt » 18 Jun 2019, 10:12

It is sad that our Ethiopian brothers and sisters to be one of the victims of the rich and powerful, mostly the US and its western allies. I hope this story of a garbage dump that included Ethiopia was when the country was ruled by the previous rulers. I also believe and hope that the current federal government would protest this egregious and irresponsible act of the rich and powerful countries.
I know some idiots on this forum will be quick in saying, it is "none of your business", but I strongly believe and hope the Eritrean government should coordinate efforts with the government of Ethiopia, not only to protest this illegal and immoral acts of the US but demand immediate halt of the criminal behavior and demand a cleanup of the waste and compensation for Ethiopia. Now, you know why the west hates Eritrea. :x

Zmeselo
Senior Member
Posts: 14724
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Zmeselo » 18 Jun 2019, 10:52

Unfortunately bro, it's not. The article is from yesterday.
Temt wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 10:12
It is sad that our Ethiopian brothers and sisters to be one of the victims of the rich and powerful, mostly the US and its western allies. I hope this story of a garbage dump that included Ethiopia was when the country was ruled by the previous rulers. I also believe and hope that the current federal government would protest this egregious and irresponsible act of the rich and powerful countries.
I know some idiots on this forum will be quick in saying, it is "none of your business", but I strongly believe and hope the Eritrean government should coordinate efforts with the government of Ethiopia, not only to protest this illegal and immoral acts of the US but demand immediate halt of the criminal behavior and demand a cleanup of the waste and compensation for Ethiopia. Now, you know why the west hates Eritrea. :x

pibor
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Posts: 167
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Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by pibor » 18 Jun 2019, 10:57

ethiopia should send this trash to the red sea via eritrea and somalia

Zmeselo
Senior Member
Posts: 14724
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Zmeselo » 18 Jun 2019, 11:01



Eritrea bans plastic bags

2005-03-04

Nicolas Germain


https://www.news24.com/Africa/News/Erit ... s-20050304

Asmara - Parts of Eritrea once littered by a sea of flimsy shopping bags are being cleaned up thanks to a new law that entered into force in January to help the Horn of Africa country protect nature.

In the capital Asmara and other outlying regions, the bags have been replaced by the cotton and nylon and Eritreans have no choice but to adapt to instead.

Since January, "those who import, produce, distribute or sell plastic bags are fined", said Wolde Yohannes, the head of environment wing in the ministry of land, water and environment.

Wolde did not give the amount of the fine, but several sources estimated that offenders can pay several thousands of nakfa.

Authorities here are indeed determined to stem the problem.

Individuals are not fined if they are caught with a plastic bag. They simply have to tell the authorities where they got the bag from, explained Wolde.

"If we find that individuals don't co-operate, they could also be fined," said Kibrom Asmarom, an official in the environment department.

Kibrom expressed satisfaction on people's respect on the law, nevertheless.

Authorities had a raft of reasons for declaring war on the flimsy bags that not only block gutters and drains, choke farm animals and marine wildlife, pollute the soil, but also ruin dramatic natural vistas and can take 20 to 100 years to decompose.

________
_____________



List of countries that have banned plastic paper bags - Capital Business

.......https://www.capitalfm.co.ke/business/20 ... aper-bags/
Last edited by Zmeselo on 18 Jun 2019, 11:17, edited 1 time in total.

Zmeselo
Senior Member
Posts: 14724
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Zmeselo » 18 Jun 2019, 11:09

Please wait, video is loading...


NSW won’t ban plastic bags, but Eritrea, Kenya and Rwanda all do

Posted on May 2, 2018

By Dr Ross H in Plastic Limiting Regulations


http://plasticwastesolutions.com/nsw-wo ... da-all-do/


The NSW government’s ongoing refusal to outlaw plastic bags is ‘indefensible’, considering several third world countries have already done so.

At last month’s Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in London, prime minister Malcolm Turnbull said Australia will not commit to a federal ban on single-use plastics.

Mr Turnbull said single-use plastic bag bans should be a state government decision.
It’s not a simple matter, because it can impose additional costs and can create additional pollution,
Mr Turnbull said at CHOGM.

There are 150 million tonnes of plastic in the world’s oceans that kill one million birds and 100000 sea mammals each year, according to data presented during CHOGM.

NSW Labor MP Penny Sharpe confirmed to nine.com.au that Labor would immediately ban single-use plastic bags if it is voted into power in next year’s state election.

This is an example of how far the current government is beholden to company lobby groups. Any of the conservative governments have little interest in looking after the environment, keep companies running at maximum profits seems to be their aim. Such a short sighted view that is destroying Australia.

Ethoash
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Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Ethoash » 18 Jun 2019, 11:15

Ethiopian inventor managed to convert plastic to ነዳጅ or diesel ... watch the video




another Ethiopian also make block out of plastic



Zmeselo
Senior Member
Posts: 14724
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Zmeselo » 18 Jun 2019, 11:22

He did a great job!

Now though, it's time for the Ethiopian govt to ban the use all sorts of plastic bags- NOT import from other countries by the tons.

Ethoash wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 11:15
Ethiopian inventor managed to convert plastic to ነዳጅ or diesel ... watch the video




another Ethiopian also make block out of plastic



Misraq
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Posts: 7188
Joined: 27 Sep 2009, 19:43
Location: Zemunda

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Misraq » 18 Jun 2019, 11:26

Zemso,

Your skuni land only knows how to export skinny arse refugees. May be you need to fix that before you open your mouth on Ethiopia

Jimmy

Ethoash
Senior Member+
Posts: 20794
Joined: 20 Apr 2013, 20:24

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Ethoash » 18 Jun 2019, 12:11

Zmeselo wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 11:22
He did a great job!

Now though, it's time for the Ethiopian govt to ban the use all sorts of plastic bags- NOT import from other countries by the tons.
Zmeselo,

let me tell u two story.. once upon a time Japan ask to buy all Russian tank that our of service and rotten in open filed ..the Russia thought those idiot Japan buying tank that is not working .. guess what the Japanese make 10 car out of one tank and sale the car back to Russia

let me add one more example the America come to Russian and ask to buy potato ... the Russian at this time did not know they exported potato to America only to buy it back as chips made in America worth ten time over ..

now if the America send us their plastic we will make oil out of it and we get paid twice one when we get our raw material .. even so it is garbage we get paid for that and we will export left over oil to Eritrea and make money twice ... what kind of industry get paid to get their raw material.. only in land of golden this possible ... not only oil we going to make block as u can see.. the product range is a lot .. from your reply i am 1000000000000000000000000000000% u thought u find out a bad news.. no sir we r not the same people .. we r the Ethiopian .. we r the northern ...with 3000 civilization

present
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Joined: 22 Feb 2016, 17:37

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by present » 18 Jun 2019, 12:53

And ertirea should not be exporting the Ascari prostitues to Addis, mekele and elsewhere. They are spoiling good communities in addition to the HIV they spread all over

Come collect your used plastic garbage :lol:


Zmeselo wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 11:22
He did a great job!

Now though, it's time for the Ethiopian govt to ban the use all sorts of plastic bags- NOT import from other countries by the tons.

Ethoash wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 11:15
Ethiopian inventor managed to convert plastic to ነዳጅ or diesel ... watch the video




another Ethiopian also make block out of plastic



Zmeselo
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Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Zmeselo » 18 Jun 2019, 13:09

I bet you won't dare say that to the English 'gietochish' who wrote the article, would you now? :mrgreen:

Even better, you won't protest, when the US dumps its shít on you. Not only that, you won't even know it's gonna happen if I didn't tell you. :lol:

Once a donkey....
Misraq wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 11:26
Zemso,

Your skuni land only knows how to export skinny arse refugees. May be you need to fix that before you open your mouth on Ethiopia

Jimmy

Zmeselo
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Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Zmeselo » 18 Jun 2019, 13:12

I don't know where, "ertirea" is! :lol:
present wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 12:53
And ertirea should not be exporting the Ascari prostitues to Addis, mekele and elsewhere. They are spoiling good communities in addition to the HIV they spread all over

Come collect your used plastic garbage :lol:


Zmeselo wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 11:22
He did a great job!

Now though, it's time for the Ethiopian govt to ban the use all sorts of plastic bags- NOT import from other countries by the tons.

Ethoash wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 11:15
Ethiopian inventor managed to convert plastic to ነዳጅ or diesel ... watch the video




another Ethiopian also make block out of plastic



Ethoash
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Posts: 20794
Joined: 20 Apr 2013, 20:24

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Ethoash » 18 Jun 2019, 13:18

Zmeselo wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 13:12
I don't know where, "ertirea" is! :lol:
re focused.... Ethiopian are highly innovative people loooooooooooooooooooooooooooooook this one


ስራ ፈጠራ በኢትዮጵያ ከፕላስቲክ እቃዎች ኮብል የሰራው ስራ ፈጣሪ

Dawi
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Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Dawi » 18 Jun 2019, 13:52

Zmeselo wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 13:09
I bet you won't dare say that to the English 'gietochish' who wrote the article, would you now? :mrgreen:

Even better, you won't protest, when the US dumps its shít on you. Not only that, you won't even know it's gonna happen if I didn't tell you. :lol:
Zmeselo,

"dumps its [deleted] on you"! Is the right thing to say - I don't know where these guys see an invention? The dude studied Philosophy at AA University; did you guys knew that? His hobby is science, it seems he knows very little about? Polluting the environment is not invention. How can that be?

The guys are melting plastic in an open air! And bringing it to its original state of " a petroleum by product!" :lol:

C'mon! Invention my foot!

Where is the invention? In the US, you burn plastic, pollute the air, you go to jail!

This guys not only killing themselves by smelling burning toxic plastic all day long, they're killing the environment and children who live in that neighborhood and elsewhere. The government should ban it!

Tanzania recently banned plastic bags; Eritrea did a long time ago. Great job!

We should do same. What we need to carry stuff is a reusable "ዘምቢል" በቃ!

Ethoash
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Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Ethoash » 18 Jun 2019, 14:09

Dwait

number one if u r talking about INVENTOR: HABESHA DARGE he is an Ethiopian ...



what they guy try to show is a prototype ... proof of concept .. it can be done.. now the next step is modernized the process and u dont need to burn the plastic u will heat the plastic with temp control heater without burn it ...

for example plastic's melting point is 170 degrees Celsius... so if u have temp control that give heat up to 170 degree celsius u have no burn issue..

i think what HABESHA DARGE did is revolutionary.... it will put the American dump upside down and make us billion of dollar exporting oil from plastic .. mind u also using the same plastic to make 100,000 of product

Abe Abraham
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Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Abe Abraham » 18 Jun 2019, 15:37

Ethoash wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 11:15
Ethiopian inventor managed to convert plastic to ነዳጅ or diesel ... watch the video




another Ethiopian also make block out of plastic



What is the point in changing the subject ?

• The newest hotspots for handling US plastic recycling are some of the world’s poorest countries, including Bangladesh, Laos, Ethiopia and Senegal, offering cheap labor and limited environmental regulation.

Zmeselo
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Posts: 14724
Joined: 30 Jul 2010, 20:43

Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Zmeselo » 18 Jun 2019, 17:29


U.S. Should Acknowledge Critical Challenges for Ethiopia’s Transition


Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed responds to questions at the Parliament in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on February 1, 2019. Tiksa Negeri/Reuters

Blog Post by Michelle Gavin

https://www.cfr.org/blog/us-should-ackn ... transition

June 18, 2019



Anyone fishing for a good news story out of Africa recently, and rightly, has celebrated Ethiopia, where dynamic young Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has dramatically opened political space, departing from decades of repressive, tightly controlled government. Abiy is a charismatic whirlwind of activity—making peace with neighboring Eritrea, working to open the Ethiopian economy to new opportunities for growth, and even mediating https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/ ... 11391.html between protestors and securocrats in Sudan. Anyone who cares about stability and prosperity in Africa, and anyone who understands how important African partnership will be to tackle the foreign policy challenges of the future, is pulling for him to succeed. Just days ago, Democratic presidential candidate Pete [deleted] wove Ethiopia https://africatimes.com/2019/06/12/u-s- ... forefront/ into a major foreign policy address, citing the country as an example of
what it looks like when hope triumphs over hostility.
But Ethiopia faces real and urgent challenges, and it is critical that well-wishers not ignore them. Abiy has lifted the lid off of a pressure cooker—one his predecessors held in place with sometimes brutal force—and in some cases the result has not been euphoria, but rather messy, complex eruptions of communal violence. Ethiopia’s story is not a simple one, and the millions internally displaced over the past year, the worrying reports of forced returns, and the potential for 2020 elections to be a flashpoint should focus the minds of policy-makers around concrete ways to provide support to what is sure to be a long and complex transition.

Ethiopia is one of the world’s dozen most populous countries, characterized by tremendous ethnic and linguistic diversity. Over 60 percent of the population is under the age of twenty-five. Despite real gains over the past years, many Ethiopians still live in severe poverty, and official literacy rates hover at around half of the population. It is not an easy country to govern in any circumstance. Against that backdrop, and at a moment of profound change, in which the role of the state and indeed the unifying national idea is being rethought, the possibility of more instability is very real.

The Unites States and others ought to be more ambitious in finding new ways to support the resilience of governing institutions, mechanisms for reconciling longstanding grievances, and the capacity of a government inclined to respect the civil and political rights of citizens to also deliver services and opportunity. Countless talented and patriotic Ethiopians from around the country and across the diaspora have mobilized, sometimes upending their own lives, to lend support to their government’s liberalizing project. They know this will not be a year’s work—it is a generational project. A clear sense of U.S. strategic interests indicates that it is one that deserves more of our own attention and support.

Ethoash
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Re: Ethiopia, chosen as one of America's next garbage- dump sites.

Post by Ethoash » 18 Jun 2019, 17:48

Abe Abraham wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 15:37
Ethoash wrote:
18 Jun 2019, 11:15

What is the point in changing the subject ?



• The newest hotspots for handling US plastic recycling are some of the world’s poorest countries, including Bangladesh, Laos, Ethiopia and Senegal, offering cheap labor and limited environmental regulation.
Abe Abraham

i did not change the subject there is an Amhara saying
ከሞኝ ድጅ ላይ ሞፈር ይቆረጣል።

ሞኝ ከሆንክ ስዎች መጥተው ባህር ዛፍህን እንቁርጥልህ ከፈልኝ ቢሉህ አንተ ደግሞ እሺ ብለህ ብትከፍላቸው። እንሱ ታድያ ያዩት የሞፈር ቀንበር የሚሆን ባህር ዛፍ ነው የዩት ። በስንት ብር የሚገዛ ሞፈር አንተ ከፍለሀቸው ወስዱ ማለት ነው።

yes Bangladesh, Laos might take the plastic and put it in dump site.. but Ethiopia convert it to oil .. and use the plastic to make block and may other product .. for Ethiopia it would be come raw material not garbage የአንዱ ቆሻሻ ለአንዱ ወርቁ ነው ሲባል ስምተሀል... i provided video link to show what we could do with plastic .. not American i want the Arab plastic too... this is like sending us oil...


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