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The Scam of False Eritrean Refugees.

Post by Zmeselo » 19 Dec 2017, 15:37


More than 100 thousand migrants that reached Italy in the last four years declared to be Eritrean citizens. But many aren’t: it is thought that 40% are of Ethiopian nationality. A trick organised to obtain political asylum.

By Fausto Biloslavo

(14 Dec 2017 PANORAMA)

“In the reception centres I have visited in the past year, at least one third of Eritreans are frauds. The majority of them are Ethiopians from the Tigray region, who speak the same language and have similar somatic traits to our own.”

This is the disconcerting scam, denounced by an asylum seeker from Asmara.

He adds “In Africa, owing to corruption, they steal and sell our identitites because we have a right to international protection, but we are surprised that this is tolerated in Italy.”

Eritreans waiting to obtain asylum in our country are few now, 2.651 and arrivals are declining (6.386 in 2017). But from 2013, when the boom started after the terrible shipwreck in Lampedusa (368 deaths), 109.266 migrants reached Italy declaring to be Eritreans. Most of them travelled on to Switzerland, Germany or other Northern European Countries.

Over a third of them, are actually of Ethiopian nationality, that is migrants for economic reasons who do not have a right to political asylum. Two years ago Austrian Ambassador Andreas Melan denounced the catch claiming that “30-40 per cent of Eritrean refugees in Europe are actually Ethiopians.”

Incidentally: between Ethiopia and Eritrea there’s no love lost, after the bloody war of 1998, which still hasn’t traced a defined border. The strong man of Asmara President Isaias Afewerki, is accused of being an authoritarian leader with little respect for human rights, even if recently the situation is allegedly improving. But young people continue to flee: in order not to be subject to the burdensome military service as well as for economic reasons, looking for a Western Eldorado.

Today the Eritrean Ambassador in Rome Mr. Pietros Fessahazion reiterated: “40 per cent of those who are granted political asylum are in fact Ethiopians.”

Panorama inquired on this issue, bringing a mechanism to light based on theft of identity, which starts from the UN refugee camps in Ethiopia and Sudan, where crooked cultural mediators overlook the real nationality of migrants and characters like Eritrean don Mussie Zerai, capable of mobilizing sea rescues to retrieve boats off the coasts of Libya.

True Eritrean asylum seekers reveal the details themselves.

We have met them and know their identity, but in this article they are indicated with made up names to avoid ripercussions for them.

“In the Mai Ani refugee camp in Ethiopia they stole my identity” explains Fasil, who arrived in Italy on a boat. “After waiting for years for relocation by UN to one of the available countries, I found out that another person had left using my name”.

The countries who accept Eritreans through the UN are the Unites States, Canada, Australia, Norway, France and more recently Italy.

The young Eritrean, who is 27 years old, recalls the embarassment of the Western officer of the UN Agency for refugees (UNCHR) , who checked my name on the computer: “she was bewildered. My details were correct, but the photo of the person who had already left thanks to the UN was not mine. They had cheated me.”

According to Eritreans, selling identities or documents in Africa, particularly to Ethiopians is an established business. The price of the full operation in local currency varies between 50 thousand birr (1840 euro) to 150 thousand birr (ca. 5500 euro.) An Eritrean identity card is sold at 900 USD.

In the past four years there have been 12.916 asylum applications in Italy, but over 100 thousand migrants who arrived by sea declared themselves to be Eritreans when they disembarked. In July the Minister of Information in Asmara, Yemane Gebre Meskel, declared to the BBC that “the number of Eritreans leaving their Country has been exaggerared. Between 40 and 60 per cent are from Ethiopia or other Countries from the Horn of Africa.”

Yosef, the oldest of the asylum seekers met by Panorama staff, tells us of how “fake Eritreans ask for details about my country or about the national anthem, to support their lies about their nationality. It happened to me at the Red Cross centre in via Ramazzini, now dismantled, and at the Cara centre in Bari.”

Munir and Futsum, both of wiry appeal, who arrived in November, confirm: “in the reception centre of the capital, where we live, a fake Eritrean asked how many colours our flag has. He was an Ethiopian who had to be interviewed for his asylum application.” Different cultural mediators and interpreters turn a blind eye or even favour the “scam” of Eritrean refugees.

“For 15 years I worked as an interpreter in the Commissions for asylum recognition” tells an Italian-Eritrean lady. “So many Tigrinyans from Ethiopia obtained protection, saying they were fleeing from Asmara. I did not report anyone to the Embassy, but they accused us of being spies of the Eritrean Government: so they hired Ethiopian interpreters.”

Don Mussie Zerai, the “Moses of migrants” as he is acclaimed in a book, has been a reference point for years, above all for Eritreans who arrive on boats. Since August he has been under investigation by the Police in Trapani on NGOs for “favouring illegal immigration”.

Zerai is part of a network of Eritrean activists in Europe who hopes for a change of regime in Asmara. “When I was still in Eritrea I heard that Zerai could help us reach Italy” explins another asylum seeker, who has been in Rome since 2016. “Before I left Libya, there was talk of this priest who would send rescues.

A source of the Coast Guard stresses that “the requests of intervention from Zerai soon appeared as an anomaly repeated in time. The rescue warnings for boats that left Libya almost always came from him. The suspicion is that he is part of a system, of a well established network.”

The priest denies the allegations, claiming he always acted “in respect of the law for humanitarian reasons”. And secured himself a number of political covers. Starting from President [of the Chamber of Deputies] Laura Boldrini, who received him at the Chamber. On 3rd October, then, during the commemoration of the Lampedusa shipwreck of 2013, he held the celebration, despite being under investigation, in front of the President of the Senate Piero Grasso (today also leader of Liberi e Uguali Political Party) and the Minister for Education Valeria Fedeli.

Lucio Montanino, Pietro Gallo and Christian Ricci, on board the Vos Hestia of Save the Children as safety officers, started investigations on the NGOs of Trapani, also speaking about the warnings by an Eritrean priest. “On 10th October a Save the Children manager showed the captain the precise coordinates of a boat that had left Libya, which could not be found” says Montanino. In the Public Prosecutor’s office documents a telephone call between Gallo and Ricci explains the episode: “then I told them [the investigators] this story of these Eritreans, who said that a priest had sent the message.” And Gallo “He got the message from the Eritrean priest and we went there and found the wooden barge (…) on board we had the Eritrean mediator.”

Zerai, (proposed as Nobel Prize candidate for peace) admitted he was advising various NGOs; such as: Doctors Without Borders, WatchTheMed and Sea Watch.

Gallo confirms to Panorama: “the Save the Children staff said the coordinates had arrived from an Eritrean priest in Switzerland.”. Because don Zerai had been transferred from Rome to Fribourg, where lives a strong Eritrean community.

Gallo adds “the impression was that the boat had been towed by traffickers in the middle of the sea, who then sent the coordinates to send the rescues.”

Investigators of the Trapani inquiry inform that “after the holidays there will be news” on the ambiguous role of humanitarian ships. Also an Italian source in Tripoli in the first line against the traffickers of human beings confirms: “Also in Libya it is known that many Eritrean migrants heading to Italy, are in actual fact Ethiopians. They pretend to be Eritreans, knowing that it is easy to obtain political asylum.”
Last edited by Zmeselo on 19 Dec 2017, 18:48, edited 3 times in total.

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Re: The Scam of False Eritrean Refugees.

Post by Awash » 19 Dec 2017, 15:54

"Fausto Biloslavo "?
Give me a break, fascisti.
Last edited by Awash on 19 Dec 2017, 21:37, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The Scam of False Eritrean Refugees.

Post by Zmeselo » 19 Dec 2017, 17:46

The Sha’ibia confidence

Simon Weldemichael

Adi Keih College of Arts and Social Sciences

Dec. 2017


Sha’ibia, is not an ordinary word, where the People’s Front (PF) is known for. For some, it’s like an organization of saints, that can do every thing that is good and just. For others, it’s a kind of chimera with a stick in its hand, to punish and attack at will. Although the explanations are lacking sagacity, they all attest the Sha’ibia confidence. One can summarize from the wild accounts, that Sha’ibia can do; be it good or bad.

The history of the People’s Front is filled with marvelous records of victory, strange courage and curious confidence. From its formation as a revolutionary movement, until the present as a government and mass political organization, it didn’t change its tune. The nature of the PF can be evaluated on the basis of pragmatism, patriotism, nationalism, confidence and consistency. During the struggle for independence, it mobilized the people effectively, in its effort to realize freedom from Ethiopian subjugation. After independence, it quickly transformed and reorganized itself, to a government to govern an independent country and to translate the task of nation building. I would not delve myself into repeating history, instead I will concentrate to outline bold events that happened after independence, that attest the continuance and existence of the Sha’ibia’s revolutionary confidence.

The true measure of an individual or organization, is not how they behave in moments of comfort and convenience, but how they stand and act at challenging times. In the darkest hours of our history, the PF believed in its capacity to exercise power and believed in the people. As has been said that, “smooth seas, do not make skillful sailors”, the bitter experience of our struggle made Sha’ibia, a confident player in both national and international political arenas. The PF, once an authentic liberation movement, became an authentic and assertive government with real power. In Africa and other places, where governments are becoming increasingly more afright and faint hearted and even lowered to the level of dummies and servants of foreign powers, Sha’ibia governs Eritrea courageously and enthusiastically. There are in fact international and regional powers, that get shocked and traumatized, by the courage and confidence of Sha’ibia. As a manifestation of their psychological distress, they're often heard giving contradictory statements, about the government of Eritrea; one time, they say the government is dead and after some time they claim the presence of the government of Eritrea, in every incident that happens elsewhere in the globe.

History can confirm to the fact, that no newly independent nation in the world, faced as much hostility and hurdles as Eritrea has. Nevertheless, since the government has no tradition of crying and complaining after every abuse inflicted on it, the many faceted hostilities and conspiracies, may not be known by the international community. Those who cry the loudest, are not always the ones who are hurt the most. The people and government of Eritrea, are suffering but they have none to share it with, except with themselves. Contrary to the expectation of the conspirators, the country emerged as an economically capable, socially harmonious and politically stable entity. The source of these hostilities, emanates mainly from the sprit of initiative, courage and sense of purpose of the government and the perseverance of the people. Today, being comfortable with who you are and doing what you believe, is a threat, equivalent to terrorism and a crime that calls for punishment.

To have confidence is great, but to maintain confidence is even greater. The revolutionary courage and confidence of Sha’ibia, is further consolidated and deepened after independence, to become a supporting pillar of our political culture. Eritrea is the only proud country in Africa, that didn’t hesitate to refuse various sugar coated venomous prescriptions, abandon aid, expel a useless UN peace keeping force from its territory, express freely its reservation and criticism and enjoy real sovereignty. As a people and government, we are comfortable and content with each other. As such, the voices of others echoed from outside, that try to define, control or direct our stance bears no fruit- except a pain to the throat of the roaring.

Sha’ibia never practiced or got involved in, skin bleaching using political cosmetics. From day one of independence, up to now, since the government trusts its own capacity and popularity, it knows how to live. Throughout history, the government never ever cared, about what other people think of it. The government of Eritrea is the only government in Africa, that have the courage to refuse to change its revolutionary nature and the only government to proudly declare: "I am, what I am".

President Issaias Afewerki has once described, the delusional and hypocritical exercise of the TPLF regime, as follows: “it is nothing but like going to the beauty salon, trying to beautify yourself, in the hope of bettering your real image” (interview 2007). Those who are psychologically enslaved, hate their nature and engage in futile attempts, to change. Confidence is: accepting who you are and not changing it, because of someone else's version of reality, which is not your reality. Many African governments are now engaged in bleaching their skin to appear white and train their tongues to utter words, which their masters want to hear. For example, the government of Ethiopia falsely and unashamedly claimed, they have registered double digit economic growth, while it is a common phenomenon to hear 10-15 million people are starved every year and millions of metric tones of food aid, infused to the country. The government also appears on stage with a drama, to acquaint itself to others as democrat, while thousands are arrested and killed indiscriminately in broad daylight. The Ethiopian and many other African governments are like false prophets, which come on stage in sheep's clothing, but inwardly, they are ravening wolves. They are political chameleons, changing their color, to pretend and appear as European, American and now Asian. The confident government of Eritrea, is proud of it's accomplishments, but prefers to remain humble with no bragging. In peace and silence, it determinedly moved forward, in the direction of our vision. Silence- is confidence.

Sha’ibia never feels, under the mercy of donors. Throughout its history, it didn’t beg dishonorably for help. Self reliance as a guiding principle, is one of the sources of pride and it's an important feature, that makes Sha’ibia different from the many other dependent governments. The revolutionary and post independence experience, enabled it to skillfully mobilize the available internal resources and manage effectively. In the planning and implementation of national programs, the government first opts to look inward and then look for partners. During the armed struggle, self reliance, was the foundation of the victory for liberation and we are still fiercely defending this character. The national charter elaborated, what self reliance is meant to Eritrea as follows: “Self reliance does not mean to isolate oneself, from the international community. It only means, being as independent and self confident a player as possible in the international community.” Eritrea’s economic strategy, is based on self reliance and the full participation of all Eritreans. In this world, if you truly want to be respected by others, you must prove that you can survive without them. The confidence of Sha’ibia rests upon astrong foundation of core values, such as self reliance. In the arduous struggle to bring and maintain independence, we never ask favors from others.

Sha’ibia didn’t become, a runner and a servant of any other foreign power. Many African governments opted to rely on foreign support, by being maids of external powers, in the hope of prolonging their stay in power. The TPLF regime in Ethiopia and others, in order to get external support, they offer themselves for sale. They look for someone else, for validation and approval. In Africa, it is hard to find states, that have secured real sovereignty. The government of Eritrea doesn’t permit anyone, to tell us our business. The national interest of Eritrea, is always first. Throughout its history, Sha’ibia never worked for the interest of external powers. The Sha’ibia confidence is seen, in its commitment at safeguarding sovereignty. Eritrea’s sovereignty is unique in the African context, for it does not limit itself, at independence and flag- waving. Despite the various attempts made to undermine our sovereignty, Eritrea is able to achieve real sovereignty. A confident government trusts its own people, believe in the power of the people and work for it. Governments that have no confidence, put their trust in outside forces; perceive their own people as enemies and the power of the people, as a threat. In order to stay in power, they divide the people along subnational lines, such as region, religion and ethnicity. They institutionalize, the political formation based on ethnicity and other sub national elements. As a result of the inability of governments, many African countries failed to become a unified nation, after sixty and more years of independence. The worst example, is the reality of the so called never colonized and the country of "3000 years of history"- Ethiopia- found to be far from becoming a nation. Unlike other chicken-hearted governments, the confident government of Eritrea adopts a policy, aimed at empowering and consolidating the national unity of Eritreans. Through education and administrative restructuring, all previous divisive elements, were eradicated from the face of Eritrea.

Another manifestation of the Sha’ibia confidence, is that it doesn't intervene in others' affairs. Intervention on the internal affairs of others, is a characteristic feature of coward governments. They usually look for external victims, to divert the attention of the people and to cover up their mistakes. In this case, the TPLF’s mistake in choosing Eritrea first and then Somalia as victims for diversion, as a living example. A government that doesn’t have confidence, can’t live in peace and deliberately create chaos and conflict with its neighbors. The motive of the TPLF clique, in instigating THE so called border conflict and refusal to abide by the ruling and continued subjugation of Eritrea’s sovereign territory, is to extend its lifespan. The government of Eritrea, which knows how to live in peace, has worked for peace and has a firm belief that peace and stability, not only benefit Eritrea but the whole region.

To conclude: our enemies have done everything they can, to stop our forward march and if possible to terminate our existence. Military adventure, economic sabotage, political and diplomatic campaigns, provocations and many other maneuvers were tried. The collective resistance and confidence of the people and government of Eritrea, foiled all these hurdles. Although they were defeated in all fronts, they will continue their ingenious efforts, to demonize Eritrea’s lion- like posture. Independent Eritrea is the result, entirely, och f the tenacity, resilience, confidence and keen organizational skills of Sha’ibia, which continues to run the country today. Long live the courage and confidence of Sha’ibia, that draws from the strength and invincibility of Eritreans.


Peace and Stability: Enablers and Result of Development

Simon Weldemichael

Adi Keih College of Arts and Social Sciences

Dec 2017


Peace and stability, are highly important in promoting economic development of individuals and society. Political stability, is critical to progress, since it affects all aspects of security, economic and social development in a country. Peace and stability are prerequisites for the realization of human rights, as well. In the course of working toward the recently concluded MDGs, the international community has realized the importance of peace and stability and their intrinsic links with development and human rights. Countries that failed to accomplish the MDGs, are the ones that are politically unstable and often plagued by conflict. On the other hand, politically stable and peaceful countries, were able to post better outcomes on the MDGs.

Peace and stability are not only imperative for development, they are also reinforced by the latter. Peace and stability have direct effects on the creation of sound, competitive and equitable economic development, which ultimately has positive impacts on the whole society. No country can develop or grow economically, without peaceful coexistence among its population. Exemplifying a virtuous circle, peace and stability are the basis of development and development is the basis of peace and stability. Development and economic growth can only be strengthened, by the prevalence of peace and political stability. Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), has proposed to: “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective and accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.” Central to the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, is the need to promote peaceful and inclusive societies based on respect for human rights, the rule of law, access to justice and social services. In the Horn of Africa, distinguished by the prevalence and persistence of armed conflicts and tensions between and within states, the only country that has enjoyed sustained levels of relative internal peace and security, is Eritrea. Generally, neighboring countries like Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Somalia, and South Sudan have often had to face protracted violence, terrorism, and armed conflict.

People in conflict-affected countries, are deprived of their rights to live in dignity and their opportunities to develop. They are more likely to be impoverished, unable to attend schools, and denied access to basic health services and other public goods. Women, are among the most vulnerable in any society. During conflict, they are especially vulnerable to being assaulted, trafficked, or otherwise exploited, as seen in the DRC, Nigeria, and elsewhere. When we think of the human toll, medical costs, and resources allocated to stemming violence or dealing with its consequences, instability and conflict are devastating to societies.

Conflict entails enormous and multifaceted costs, including direct human suffering and catastrophic socioeconomic disruptions. Thus, it significantly impedes the achievement of development. Civil wars and other types of conflicts have created economic, social, cultural and environmental stresses. In low-income but richly endowed societies, where national resources are taken by the few – often corrupt officials or other elites – the likelihood of conflict is high. Social stresses, including high inequality in both opportunity and income, are also among the causes of conflict. If the benefits and revenues of the country’s resources are not equally distributed, conflict is inevitable. This is demonstrated by the current public outrage and violence, in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Unfortunately, breaking the vicious cycle of conflict and underdevelopment is not easy. With time, it may even become seemingly impossible to achieve any development, progress, peace, or stability.

Establishing lasting peace, stability, justice and prosperity requires building legitimate and honest institutions and good governance. However, good governance and legitimate institutions cannot be simply transplanted from foreign countries (although experiences and best practices can be shared); rather, they can only be built and developed in accordance with country specific circumstances, through a long and slow process. The strategy and policy directives of Eritrea, are not copied from other countries. They start from the realities of the country, its history, and from its rich experiences. Since independence, Eritrea has sought to chart an independent line embodying dignity, justice, self-reliance, and liberty.

Peace and stability, are the essential components of nation-building. “When we speak of achievements,” President Isaias Afewerki once stated, “it would be better to speak about the prerequisites for achievement, before speaking about achievements.” He would go on to underscore the fact that, stability is the precondition for all development. Speaking about achievements registered in economic, social, and other sectors without creating a stable environment, is like placing the cart before the horse. Today, Eritrea seeks to create durable and robust stability, in line with its long tradition and political culture. The stability of Eritrea, besides helping the country to implement various development projects, it also gives it strength, to counter THE ever-present regional and international hostilities.

The internal peace, stability and harmony that Eritrea enjoys are the result of the unity developed, during the long liberation struggle. The political organization (Peoples Front), that led the struggle to victory, created a political culture that ensures harmony among the diverse nature of Eritrean society. The prevalence of peace and stability in Eritrea, disproves the reason given, that it is diversity that leads to instability in Africa. Additional evidence that challenges the hypothesis “diversity leads to instability”, is the case of Somalia. Somalia is the only African nation that has a largely [deleted] culture, language and religion but has struggled to become one nation.

African economies remain underdeveloped despite decades of conceptualizing, formulating and implementing various types of economic policies and programs. The development challenges of Africa are not- low income, low savings, or slow growth. These are the symptoms or effects, of underdevelopment. The real or underlying development challenges in Africa are: inequality, uneven distribution of resources, social exclusion and marginalization, insecurity, moral degradation and corruption, among others. When people feel in jeopardy and when they are denied their fair share of resources, it’s inevitable to enter into conflict. President Isaias Afewerki, has explained the chain that connects stability and a fair distribution of resources:

my belief is that, in order to have stability within one country, the society must get a fair and reasonable share of the resources.”

The peace and stability prevalent in Eritrea, is the outcome of a cautious approach, focused on social justice and good governance.

There is no region of this world that has not experienced wars, but while many parts of the world have moved towards greater political and economic stability, Africa remains in political and economic instability. The impact of political instability on the security and development of societies, is evident. They are experiencing unrest and security challenges. Insecurity, is an inevitable result of instability.

Peace, is the first condition of successful development. Human beings are political animals, and they seek to live in a society where peace, stability and harmony reign and have developed states as the highest form of organization. If the state fails to provide security and development to its citizens, there is little reason for citizens to be loyal or obedient. For societies and citizens to live a decent life, security is paramount. Eritrea, a country that won its independence with a heavy sacrifice, has supported its political independence with a strong focus on peace, justice, stability, and prosperity. Eritreans, whose unity is embedded in a long tradition of peaceful and harmonious coexistence, and which was reinforced by the collective experience of the struggle for liberation and reconstruction, is one of the most united, peaceful and stable countries in Africa (and the world). The pragmatic approach of the government, supports strong national unity and this, in turn, creates the basis for peace and stability. The availability of human resources, its strategic location, and the prevalence of peace and stability collectively make Eritrea, a promising country ready for development, progress, and improvement. Peace and stability, are enablers for and the result of development.
Last edited by Zmeselo on 19 Dec 2017, 17:48, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: The Scam of False Eritrean Refugees.

Post by ፍትሒ » 19 Dec 2017, 18:56

Awash wrote:"Fausto Biloslavo "?
Give a break, fascisto.
Thank you bro Zemeselo,
What is sad is these people and their Weyane have no shame whatsoever to squander the funds that the equally inept UNHCR made it available at their disposal. It is one thing for the Tegaru kids to try to get the hell out of the hell hole the Weyanes created, but is something else and totally unacceptable for Weyane to use many Tegarus in lieu of Eritrean refugees. That is dishonesty, a trade mark of the cursed tribe.
Now, the ሓሳዳት፡ ደረብይ፡ ዝበልዑሉ ጻሕሊ ዝሰብሩ፡ ገሳርጥ፡ ግዕዙያት፡ ጐሓላሉ፡ ፈገራግር፡ ሓሹላት aka:
EthioAsh the ፈሽፋሽ
Awash the ብላሽ"
Lilay the ሃላይ
Antico the ስባር ብርጭቆ
expert the ሽለት
Kerenite ለዛይት and
Present the ባሬታ ‘ሽንት' have been telling us how many Eritreans are taking the Sinai Desert, the Mediteranean Sea when they fully knew that many non Eritreans claim that beautiful name to take advantage of the foolish and unsustainable US/EU policy of blindly accepting any Eritrean runaways as ‘refugees’, only to end up begging wedi Afom to accept them back to the ሓላል መሬት of ምድረባሕሪ!
Proud ዓንሰባ ዘሃገረ ኤርትራ!

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Re: The Scam of False Eritrean Refugees.

Post by Zmeselo » 20 Dec 2017, 06:07

Yes, brothers fthi. They hoped to achieve many things from this:

1. Give Eritrea, a bad name.

2. Make Eritreans suffer at the concentration camps in Tgray, while collecting money from the UN and other aid agencies in their name.

3. Giving tegaru a better future outside the country, by sending them there with stolen Eritrean identities. At the same time, they avoid a bad wrap themselves- because it's the Eritrean govt. that will be blamed for being a dictatorship.

4. Use Eritrean kids, as a potential opposition force in the future.

Feel free, to add. I can have forgotten something.

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