ኅበራዊ መገናኛ – ስለ አሰራሮቹ ትንሽ ዳሰሳ – ሚክያስ ግዛው

ማኅበራዊ መገናኛዎች (social medias) ማለት ከኢኒተርኔት መረብ ጋር ግኑኝነት ባላቸው ዲጂታል መሳርያዎች አማካኝነት ግለሰቦች ሃሳብና መረጃ የሚለዋወጡበት መድረክ ነው።የኪስ ስልኮችና የግለስብ ኮምፒውተሮች (Mobiles and PC) ዋነኛዎቹ መሳርያዎች ሲሆኑ መልዕክት መለዋወጥ፣ አስተያየትና ትችት መጻፍ፣ ፎቶግራፎችንና ቪዴዮ መላላክየመሳሰሉት ዘዴዎች ትልቁን ሥፍራ ይይዛሉ። ከዘመኑ የመንግሥ ወይም ርዕዮተ ዓለም ፕሮፖጋንዳዎ መንዣ መካከል ትላልቆቹ እንደ – CNN, BBC, RUSSIA TODAY (RT), AL –JEZEERA, – እና የመሳሰሉት ናቸው። ሁሉም ዓይነት ብዙሃን መገናኛ የትክክለኛ ዜና ምንጮች ላይሆኑ ይችላሉ። ከተለያዩ ምንጮች የሚሰራጩ ዜናዎችን በመስማት ግን አንድእውነትን ሊያግዝ የሚያስችል ሚዛን ላይ መድረስ ይቻል ይሆናል። ሜድያ ትምህርትን ማስተላለፍያና ማስተማርያ፣ ምርምሮች ማካሄጃ፣ የንግዱን ሥራ ማስተዋወቅያ፣ ብሎግ(blog) ከፍቶ የራስን አቋም ማንጸባረቅያ ለሚወዱት መልክ፣ አቋም፣ ትርፋማነት፣ ታዋቂነትና እውቅናን መስጫ ሲሆን በሌላ ጎኑ ደግሞ የሳይበር ጥቃት ማረፍያ፣ የግለሰቦችንማንነት መናጃ፣ ማብሸቅያ፣ የሚጠሉትን ማዋረጃ፣ ጠላትን ማብዣ፣ ኪሳራ አምጭ አፍራሽ የፖለቲካ ፕሮፖጋንዳ ሥራ መተግበርያም ነው። መገናኛ ብዙሃን በሁለት ቡድኖችመካከል ያለውን የሃሳብ ልዩነት በማጉላት እስከ ከፍተኛ ግጭትም ሊያደርስ ይችላል።   በጥቂቱ ጠቅሞ በአብዛኛው አስተሳሰብን የሚያመክነው የምዕራቡ ዓለም ማህበራዊ መገናኛ ለከፍተኛ ደረጃ የበቃው የሉላዊነቱን (Globalization) ርምጃ ተንጠላጥሎናየሳይንሱን ፍጥነት ተከትሎ ሲሆን ዋና ዋኖቹ እነ – FaceBook, Twitter, youtube, Four Square, Instagram, Linkedahn, Pinterest, Last FM, G+ ወዘት የመሳሰሉት ናቸው። እነ Google, hotmail, yahoo, ወዘተ ለትምህርት ሥርጭትና መልዕክት ልውውጥ ጠቀሜታቸው ጎልቶ ቢታይም እንኳን ዋናው ተልዕኳቸው በመላው ዓለም የሚገኙ ነጻ ተገልጋዮችን ሃሳብናምስጢር መልቀምና ማከማቸት ነው። በተለያዩ ቱቦዎች ላይ የሚለቀቁ ሃሳቦች አንዳንድ ጊዜ ድብልቅልቅ ያለ ግንዛቤ ስለሚወረውሩ በሰዎች ስነልቦና፣ ግብረገብና ስነ-ሥርዓትላይ ከሚያደርሱት ብዥታ በተጨማሪ ትውልድ ስለወደፊቱ እንዳይመራመር አስተሳሰብን እያደነዘዙ በቴክኖሎጂ አድናቆት እያማለሉ ዓዕምሮን ይሸብባሉ። ይህ የዘመኑ ልቁማህበራዊ መገናኛ ፍትህን (justice) ማግኛ ሳይሆን የምድሪቱን ኃብተ የተቆጣጠሩትን ያገለግል ዘንድ ቧልትን እያስፋፋና ሥነ-ምግባርን እየናደ ሌሎች ግብረገባዊ ያልሆኑግንዛቤዎችን ያለማምዳል። ሂሌሪ ኪሊንተንን አሽቀንጥሮ ትራምፕን የመጪው ዘመን የኋይት ሃውሱ ባሌቤት ያደረገው ታላቁ የሳይበር ጥቃት በሩስያ መፈጸሙን አሜሪካ ራሱመናገሩ የዘመኑ ዕድገት ግኝት የኤሌክትሮኒክ ሳይንስ ፍጥነት ነገ ምን ዓይነት ተጨማሪ ክፋት ሊያመጣ እንደሚችል ከወዲሁ ማስጠንቀቅያ ሰጥቷል።   ስለ ብዙሃን መገናኛ ብዙ ሊባል ይቻላል ነገር ግን የዚህ ጽሁፍ አላማ መገናኛ ብዙሃን ትምህርት መቅሰምያ ጭቆናን መታገያ ከመሆናቸው ባሻገር በተቃራኒው ደግሞ እንደነቴሌቪዝንና ራዲዮ የመሳሰሉት የመንግሥት የፕሮፖጋንዳ መሳርያዎች በሕዝብ የነጻነትና ፍትህ ትግል ላይ ከሚያደርሱት ተፅዕኖዎች መካከል ጥቂቱን ብቻ ለማየት ነው።   ኢትዮጵያውያን እግዚአብሄር ቃል የገባላት ሃገር ዜጎች ነን። በመሆኑም ድርጊቶቻችን ሁሉ የሰማዩን አባት የሚያከብር ብቻ መሆን ይገባዋል። እኛ ኢትዮጵያውያን ከማንም ይልቅየሳይንስ ፍጥነት ወደ አስፈሪ ቦታ እየወሰደን እንደሆን ልናውቅ ይገባል። የዘመኑ እድገት መልካም ሥርዓትንና ኃይማኖትንም ይደፍራል። ልቅ ወሲብና ግብረሰዶም ሳይቀር እንደግለሰብ መብት ተቆጥሮ የሜድያ ሽፋን ይደረግለታል። ይህ የተስፋፋው በአብዛኛው በመገናኛ ቴክኖሎጂው እድገት ምክንያት ነው። ሥነ ጥበብ፣ ኪነ ጥበብ፣ የፍልስፍና ክፍልበመሆኗ ዓለም ከተዘፈቀችበት የግብረገብ ውድቀትና የሥነ-ምግባር መላሸቅ የምታላቅቅ መድሃኒት ነች። ኪነ ጥበብ ለእውነት መስፈን ስትል ለፍትህና ነጻነት በመታገል የብዙሃንመገናኛን ተንኮል ልትቋቋም ይገባታል።   ማህበራዊ መገናኛን ስናስብ ልንቃኘው ከሚገባን አፍራሽ ድርጊቶች መካከል ጥቂቱ ከዚህ በታች ከቁጥር 1 እስከ 8 የዘረዘሩትን ይመስላሉ። ይህ ሚዛናዊ መልዕክቶችንናትምህርቶችን የሚያስተላልፉትን ለሕዝብ ጥቅም የሚለፉትን፣ ወጣቶች ትክክለኛውን መንገድ እንዲከተሉ የሚተጉትን፣ ሥርዓትን ለብሰው ጠቃሚ እውነቶችንየሚያስተላለፉትንና የሕዝብን አደራ ተሸክመው ሙሰናን የሚያጋልጡት ሃቀኛ የማህበራዊ አገልግሎት ሜድያ ሥርጭት ተቋማትን አይመለከትም።   ጭቁንሕዝቦች ርዕዮተ ዓለምን ተክታ በላያቸው ላይ የተንሰራፋችውን ሙስናን ለመገርሰስ ይሞክራሉ። በተቃራኒው ደግሞ የመገናኛ ብዙሃን በሰው ፊት ለሚቆሙትየሙስናዋ አስዳጊዎች እፍረት መቀነሻ ተቋማት ሆነው ያገለግላሉ። በባለሙስናዎቹ እርዳታ የተቋቋሙት እነዚህ ማሰራጫዎች ምንም የሌለ ለማስመሰል፣ ባለሙስና ምልክቶቹንግለሰቦች ለቃለ ምልልስ ይጋብዟቸዋል። ሜድያ ይህን የምታደርገው ሙሰኛውን ለመጥቀም ብሎም የሙስናው ትግል ጋብ እንዲል ብቻ ሳይሆን በትግሉ መፈርጠም ሳብያ የጋራጥቅማቸው አደጋ ውስጥ እንዳይወድቅ ነው።   ሴተኛአዳሪነትና ግብረሰዶም ቢስፋፋ ተጠቃሚዎቹ የምዕራብያውያኑ ሃገር ጎብኝዎችና በእነሱ ከለላና ጥላ ሥር ያሉ እፍረተ ቢስ ሙሰኞቹ የአፍሪካ መሪዎች ናቸው። ርካሽየሴተኛ አዳሪዎችንና ግብረሰዶማውያንን ገላ አቅፎ ለመተኛት ሲሉ ምዕራብያኑ በግለሰብ ነጻነት ስም በደሃ ሃገሮች ላይ ውዥንብርን ያስፋፋሉ። ለምሳሌ “ከቱሪስቶች ከፍተኛገንዘብ እየተከፈላቸው በሴተኛ አዳሪነትና ግብረሰዶም የሚተዳደሩትን ወጣቶች ከዚህ አሳፋሪ ሥራቸው እንዲቆጠቡ ለማድረግ ጥረት ተደረገ” ብሎ በቴሌቪዥንና ሬዲዩ የዜና ሽፋንመስጠት ድሆችና የቀን ገቢያቸው ዝቅተኛ የሆኑ ወጣቶች ይህንኑ አሳፋሪ ሥራ እንዲፈጽሙ መገፋፋትና ማበረታታት ነው። በችግረኛ ወጣቶቹ ልብ ውስጥ የምትሰርጸው“ከፍተኛ ገንዘብ” የምትለዋ ዜና ነች። ገንዘብ ደግሞ ሰውን እጥቅም ቆሻሻ ውስጥ ትወረውራለች። “የሚያምር ሼፕ ያላቸው አፍሪካውያን” – “ከፍተኛ ገንዘብ ያለቻውድምጻውያን” – አርቲስቷ ባሏን የፈታችበት ምስጢሯን ተነፈሰች” – እነኚህን የመሳሰሉ ስርጭቶች ሕጻናት የሚበሉት አጥተው በሚራቡበት የአፍሪካ ሃገሮች ላይ ባልተሰራጩነበር። እኛ አፍሪካውያን እንደፈረንጆቹ የምንቀናጣበት ዘመን ላይ ገና አልደረስንምና የምዕራቡን የሜድያ ስልትና ተንኮል ጠንቅቀን ልናውቅ ይገባል።   “የወሲብግልጽነትናአጠቃቀም” – “ወሲብና ጤንነት” – በሚል ዘይቤ ታግዘው ወሲብን የሚያጋንን ስርጭት የሚያስፋፉት የብዙሃን መገናኛዎች ወጣቱ ሙስናን፣ በደልን፣ጭቆናንና የፍትህ ረገጣን መታገል ትቶ በወሲብ ሱስ እንዲጠመድ ለማድረግ ግሎባላይዜሽኑ የፈጠረው አልፈስፋሽ ዘዴ ነው። ተፈጥሯዊ ለሆነው ነገር ይህን ያህል የሜድያ ሽፋንየሚደረገው ወሲብ ልቅ ሲሆን ቅስም ሰባሪና ፈሪ ማድረግያ መሆኑ ስለተረጋገጠ ነው። ምዕራብያውያኑ የደረሱበትን ልቅ የዝሙት ፍላጎት ማስፋፍያ ይሆን ዘንድ “የባል ሚስትመተዋወቅያ ፕሮግራም”፣ “የፋሺን ጋጋታ” ወይም “የሙሽራውና ሙሽሪቱ ጠል ያለ ሠርግ” ዓይነቶቹ አፍዛዥ ትርዒቶች ለኛ በቀን አንዴ እንኳን ለማንበላው ደሆች ምንይጠቅማል?   መዝባሪቱጃሮች፣ ታዋቂ አርቲስቶችንና ስፖረተኞችን የሚረዱት፣ ደጋጎች ተብለው በሕዝብ ዘንድ ለመወደድ ነው። አንዳንድ የሜድያው ሾው ባለብንረቶች ቱጃሮቹንእንዲወደሱ ለማድረግ የሜድያ ሽፋን ይዳርጉላቸዋል። በየሾዉ ቀርቦ ቃለ ምልልስ የሚደረግለት ባለሙስና ምልክቱ ቱጃር እንደ ድሆች ረጂ (Philanthropist) እንጂ እንደ ጨቋኝ(Oppressor)  እንዳይታይ አድር ባይ ጋዜጠኞች እሱኑ ጋብዘው በራሳቸው ጊዜ ቀላል ያልሆነ የስነ ልቦና መስዋዕትነት ይከፍላሉ።






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